Linear A & B Grids

inaugural date: 27 November 2005; last update: 5 September 2015
Comments, corrections, questions: John Younger (jyounger@ku.edu)


The 92 AB Signs
The Linear A Syllabary
The Conventional Linear B Syllabary
The Melena's Proposed Full Linear B Syllabary



AB Signs, 1-92

The following grid takes into consideration Melena 2014, especially 88-89 fig. 17.13. This grid (with a few corrections) appears in my review of Duhoux and Morpurgo-Davies 2014 in the American Journal of Archaeology 119.3 (July 2015) online: http://ajaonline.org/online-review-book/2170.

Two superscript question marks refer to transliterations proposed by Melena but not yet officially accepted.

0123456789
0 da ro pa te to na di a se
1 u po so me do mo qa za sto?? ru2??
2 zo qi pi2?? mu ne a2 /ha/ ru re i pu2
3 ni sa qo ra3 a5?? deleted; see *34 jo ti e pi
4 wi si wo ai ke de je ? nwa ?
5 pu du no ri wa nu pa2?? ja su ta
6 ra o pte j/zi?? twi?? j/zu?? sta?? ki ro2 tu
7 ko dwe pe mi ze we ra2 ka qe wo2??
8 ma ku twa?? nwe??deleted au (a4) dwa?? twedeleted deleted
9 dwo two sa2?? (PY Ma 397[+]1048.1)



The Linear A Syllabary

Linear A signs given Linear B values, based on the same word appearing in both scripts (Godart 1984):
secure syllabograms: DA, I, JA, KI, PA, PI, RO, RI, SU, TA, O no question mark
possible: TE (in SU-KI-RI-TE-I-JA), A, KO one question mark
Linear A signs resembling Linear B signs but not attested in words in both scripts two question marks

Other Linear A words resembling Linear B words (see below)
A-RA-NA-RE a-ra-na-ro
A-SA-RA2a-sa-ra2
DA-MI-NU da-mi-ni-jo
A-KA-RU a-ka-re-u
DI-DE-RU di-de-ro
KA-SA-RU ka-sa-ro
KI-DA-RO ki-da-ro
KI-RI-TA2ki-ri-ta
KU-PA3-NA-TU ka-pa3-na-to, ku-pa-nu-we-to
KU-RU-KU ku-ru-ka
KU-ZU-NI ku-zu-ni-jo/ja
PA-JA-RE pa-ja-ro
PA-RA-NE pa-ra-ne
QA-QA-RU qa-qa-ro
TA-NA-TI ]ta-na-ti


 AEIOUOther
 8?38??286110??43?? AI, 306 A2?? [shape resembles AB 43, AI?], 85 AU??
D145??7?? 51??318 DI2??
J5746??  65?? 
K77??44??6770?81??304 KA2??
M80??13?73?? 23??
N6??24??30?? 55?? 48 NWA?? (attested on SY Za 4; also as a sole sign on a bronze ax head in a private collection (Melena 2014, 62 n. 76 (ax shape like KA Zf 1); perhaps referred to in KU-PA3-NA-TU, see lexicon and homepage)
P3 3911??50??16 PA2?? (now: QA), 314 PU3?? (Fachetti 1999a, 132)
mP56?? (mPA3)  22?? (mPI2)  29?? (mPU2)Duhoux 1984, Janda 1986, Melena 1987
Q16?? (originally PA2)78??21??   
R6027??53226??76 RA2??
S31??9??41?? 58348 SI2, 82 SWA
T594?37??5??69??66 TA2, 87 TWE
W54?? 40??   
Z17??74?? 20??79?? 

Syllabograms, unknown phonetic values
*47, *49, *86 (Melenaproposes dwa for B86; see below), *118, *123, *301

Linear B signs not attested in Linear A
O-series (Melena 2014, 85-86, mentions possible Linear A sources): *12 so (possibly from A363 ), *14 do (possibly from A364 ), *36 jo (possibly from A349 ), *15 mo (possibly from A302 or A303 ), *52 no (possibly from A362 / Hiero *008 ), *32 qo (a schematic version of *33/CROC ), *42 wo (= the left half of Linear A *118 ), *90 dwo (two wos, and the sign for "2")
E-series: *72 pe, *75 we (possibly on KN Wc 23)
*84, *88, *89
rare signs used to write Minoan names in Linear B texts (Palaima 1988, 322): *18?, *19?, *63 IKRIA, *64 swi, *83?
doublets & complex signs: *25 a2, *33 ra3 /rai/ (Melena 2014, 87, from Hiero *023 CROC and only at Pylos), *43 ai, *62 pte, 68 ro2 /rjo/, *71 dwe, *87 twe, *91 two


The Conventional Linear B Syllabary


 AEIOUOther
Ø 8 38 28 61 10 a2 25 (= ha?), 43 ai, 85 au
D 1 45 7 14 51 71 dwe, 90 dwo
J 57 46  36 65 
K 77 44 67 70 81 
M 80 13 73 15 23 
N 6 24 30 525548 nwa
P 3 72 39 11 50 16 pa2 (now qa), 29 pu2 (phu?), 22 pi2, 56 pa3, 62 pte
Q 16 (originally pa2) 78 21 32  
R60 27 53 2 26 76 ra2 /rja/, 33 ra3 /rai/, 68 ro2 /rjo/
S 31 9 41 12 58 82 swa, 64 swi
T 59 4 37 5 69 66 ta2, 87 twe, 91 two
W 54 75 40 42  
Z 17 74  20 79 


Syllabograms, unknown phonetic values

*18 , *19 , *34 , *47 , *49 , *63 IKRIA , *83 , *86

Signs deleted (Melena 2014, 3, 12)
*35 , *84 , *88 , *89


J.L. Melena's Proposed Full Linear B Syllabary

The following grid relies on the detailed discussions in Melena 2014, especially 88-89 fig. 17.13. This grid will appear in my review of Duhoux and Morpurgo-Davies 2014 in the American Journal of Archaeology 119.3 (July 2015) online.

Two superscript question marks refer to transliterations proposed by but not yet officially accepted.

basic syllabarysupplementary
Ø a *08 e *38 i *28 o *61 u *10 a2 *25 /ha/
a3 *43 /ai/
a5?? *34 /ai/
au/a4 *85
d- da *01 de *45 di *07 do *14 du *51
dw- dwa?? *86 dwe *71  dwo *90 
j- ja *57 je *46  jo *36 j/zu?? *65
g/k(w)- ka *77 ke *44 ki *67 ko *70 ku *81
m- ma *80 me *13 mi *73 mo *15 mu *23
n- na *06 ne *24 ni *30 no *52 nu *55 nwa *48
nwe?? *83
b/p(h)- pa *03 pe *72 pi *39 po *11 pu *50 pt/je *62
mb?/p(h)- pa2?? *56  pi2?? *22 pu2 *29 
gw/kw(h)- qa *16 qe *78 qi *21 qo *32 ku *81
l/r- ra *60 re *27 ri *53 ro *02 ru *26 ra2 *76 /rja/
ra3 *33 /rai/
ro2 *68 /rjo/
ru2?? *19 /rju/
s- sa *31 se *09 si *41 so *12 su *58sja?? *92 (PY Ma 397[+]1048.1)
st- ta2 /sta/ *66   sto *18 
t(h)- ta *59 te *04 ti *37 to *05 tu *69 ta2 /sta/ *66
tw- twa?? *82 twe *87 twi?? *64 two *91 
w- wa *54 we *75 wi *40 wo *42 wu/u *10 wo2 *79
z- za *17 ze *74  zo *20 j/zu?? *65
untransliterated *47, *49


The 92 AB Signs
The Linear A Syllabary
The Conventional Linear B Syllabary
The Melena's Proposed Full Linear B Syllabary


Comments, corrections, questions: John Younger: jyounger@ku.edu

For the Linear A texts from Haghia Triada (Ayia Triada)

For other Linear A texts

Common Linear A Ideograms; GORILA's sign charts and palaeographic sign charts

For Linear A religious texts grouped separately

A Linear A Lexicon

Hypothetical Phonetic Grids for Cretan Hieroglyphic.

Bibliography from 1980 on (with select works prior)