M00: Welcome to semantics
Welcome to the course
Welcomes you to the course and introduces the lecturelet.
M04 : Testing for truth
Techniques on building contexts and using stimuli to gather semantic evidence.
M05: Truth-based relations between propositions
Examines relationships like contradiction and synonymy, and discusses why they're useful..
Introduces the concept of felicity, and the different ways that expression can be "bad" in the semantics.
M11: Reference and Definiteness
Introduces concepts of reference and the various types of definiteness
Reading : Lyons
What is a meaning? How do we express it? And what are those weird double brackets, anyways?
F07: Characteristic functions and denotations
Introduces characteristic functions, and links them to denotations and abstracted sets
F08: Introduction to Composition
Introduces composition and compositional processes, starting with the three most basic compositional rules.
Rules: TN, NN, FA
F15: Formalizing Definiteness
Crucial discussion on how we formalize meanings, involving the word the
F19: Interpreting Pronouns
How we use variable assignments to interpret pronoun reference
Rule: LT, PR
F21: Sets and saturated functions
Review of how to turn truth-conditional sets into functions, especially when we want the function to be saturated in a certain way.
F23: Relative clauses and traces
How do we build relative clauses? What do traces mean? And more broadly: How can we add arguments to a formal expression?
F25: Common Abbreviations
Simpler ways to write things, now that we know what they're simplifications of.
I01: The Architecture of the Grammar
Discusses the basic concepts behind how the grammar is organized, and the semantics' place in it, so that we can see just what linguistic objects we're trying to explain the meaning of.
V02: Building a VP with events
How do we re-write our verb denotations and our adverbial denotations to fit Davidsonian events?
V13: Away From Thematic Roles
Problems with thematic roles make us wonder if we even need them.
Reading: Williams Ch 6, Dowty 1991
V14: Severing the external argument
A very important asymmetry, and our first decomposition of the argument structure.
Reading: Kratzer 1996