picture of carol





Experience:

August, 2016 -- current: University of California, Los Angeles
                        Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards and Student Testing (CRESST)
                        Principal Methodologist

June, 2015 -- July, 2016: University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS
                        Senior Psychometrician, Center for Educational Testing and Evaluation

2010 – 2015: University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS
                      Interim Director, Quantitative Psychology (2013-2015)
                      Associate Professor (with tenure) of Quantitative Psychology
                      Associate Director and Research Scientist, Center for Research Methods & Data Analysis

2004 - 2010: Washington University in Saint Louis, St. Louis, MO
                      Associate Professor (with tenure) of Psychology and Applied Statistics (2009-2010)
                      Assistant Professor of Psychology and Applied Statistics (2004-2009)

Education:

Ph.D., Quantitative Psychology (Advisor: David Thissen); 2004; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
M.A., Psychology (Clinical Psychology Ph.D. coursework); 2001; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
B.A., Psychology, cum laude; 1998; Smith College, Northampton, MA


Peer Reviewed Journal Articles:

Woods, C. M., & Harpole, J. K. (2015). How item residual heterogeneity affects tests for differential item functioning. Applied Psychological Measurement, 39, 251-263..

Harpole, J. K., Levinson, C. A., Woods, C. M., Rodebaugh, T. L., Weeks, J. W., Brown, P. J., Heimberg, R. G., Menatti, A. R., Blanco, C., Schneier, F. R., & Liebowitz, M. R. (in press). Assessing the straightforwardly-worded Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale for differential item functioning across gender and ethnicity. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment.

Harpole, J. K., & Woods, C. M., Rodebaugh, T. L., Levinson, C. A., & Lenze, E. J. (2014). How bandwidth selection algorithms impact exploratory data analysis using kernel density estimation. Psychological Methods, 19, 428-443.

Paul, R., Joska, J., Woods, C., Seedat, S., Engelbrecht, S., Hoare, J., Heaps, J., Valcour, V., Ances, B., Baker, L., Salminen, L., & Stein, D. (2014). Impact of the HIV Tat C30C31S dicysteine substitution on neuropsychological function in patients with clade C disease. Journal of NeuroVirology, 20, 627-635.

Woods, C. M., Cai, L., & Wang, M. (2013). The Langer-improved Wald test for DIF testing with multiple groups: Evaluation and comparison to two-Group IRT. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 73, 532-547.

Woods, C. M. (2013). Evaluation of dominance based ordinal multiple regression for variables with few categories. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 66, 169-188.

Woods, C. M. (2011). Ramsay-curve differential item functioning. Applied Psychological Measurement, 35, 536-556.

Woods, C. M. (2011). DIF testing with an empirical-histogram approximation of the latent density for each group. Applied Measurement in Education, 24, 256-279.

Woods, C. M., & Grimm, K. J. (2011). Testing for nonuniform differential item functioning with multiple indicator multiple cause models. Applied Psychological Measurement, 35, 339-361.

Woods, C. M. (2011). DIF testing for ordinal items with poly-SIBTEST, the Mantel and GMH tests, and IRT-LR-DIF when the latent distribution is nonnormal for both groups. Applied Psychological Measurement 35, 145-164.

Sacco, P., Torres, L., Cunningham-Williams, R., & Woods, C. M., & Unick, G. (2011). Differential item functioning of pathological gambling criteria: An examination of gender, race/ethnicity, and age. Journal of Gambling Studies, 27, 317-330.

Hambrick, J. P., Rodebaugh, T. L., Balsis, S., Woods, C. M., & Heimberg, R. G. (2010). Cross-ethnic measurement equivalence of measures of depression, social anxiety, and worry. Assessment 17, 155-171.

Woods, C. M. (2009). Testing for differential item functioning with measures of partial association. Applied Psychological Measurement, 33, 538-554.

Woods, C. M., Oltmanns, T. F., & Turkheimer, E. (2009). Illustration of MIMIC-Model DIF Testing with the Schedule for Nonadaptive and Adaptive Personality. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 31, 320-330.

Olatunji, B. O., Woods, C. M., de Jong, P. J., Teachman, B. A., Sawchuk, C. N., & David, B. (2009). Development and initial validation of an abbreviated Spider Phobia Questionnaire using item response theory. Behavior Therapy, 40, 114-130.

Woods, C. M. (2009). Consistent small-sample variances for six gamma-family measures of ordinal association. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 44, 525-551.

Woods, C. M., & Lin, N. (2009). Item response theory with estimation of the latent density using Davidian curves. Applied Psychological Measurement, 33, 102-117.

Woods, C. M. (2009). Evaluation of MIMIC-model methods for DIF testing with comparison to two-group analysis. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 44, 1-27.

Woods, C. M. (2009). Empirical selection of anchors for tests of differential item functioning. Applied Psychological Measurement, 33, 42-57.

Woods, C. M. (2008). Likelihood-ratio DIF testing: Effects of nonnormality. Applied Psychological Measurement, 32, 511-526.

Woods, C. M. (2008). Ramsay-curve item response theory for the 3PL item response model. Applied Psychological Measurement, 32, 447-465.

Woods, C. M. (2008). IRT-LR-DIF with estimation of the focal-group density as an empirical histogram. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 68, 571-586.

Woods, C. M. (2008). Consequences of ignoring guessing when estimating the latent density in item response theory. Applied Psychological Measurement, 32, 371-384.

Woods, C. M. (2008). Monte Carlo evaluation of two-level logistic regression for assessing person fit. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 43, 50-76.

Woods, C. M. (2008). Correction to results about confidence intervals for Spearman's rs. Psychological Methods, 13, 72-73.

Woods, C. M., Oltmanns, T. F., & Turkheimer, E. (2008). Detection of aberrant responding on a personality scale in a military sample: An application of evaluating person fit with two-level logistic regression. Psychological Assessment, 20, 159-168.

Balsis, S., Woods, C. M., Gleason, M. E. J., & Oltmanns, T. F. (2007). Overdiagnosis and underdiagnosis of personality disorders in older adults. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 15, 742-753.

Brown, P. J., Woods, C. M., & Storandt, M. (2007). Model stability of the 15-item geriatric depression scale across cognitive impairment and severe depression. Psychology and Aging, 22, 372-379.

Woods, C. M. (2007). Confidence intervals for gamma-family measures of ordinal association. Psychological Methods, 12,185-204.

Woods, C. M. (2007). Ramsay-curve IRT for Likert-type data. Applied Psychological Measurement, 31, 195-212.

Woods, C. M. (2007). Empirical histograms in IRT with ordinal data. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 67,73-87.

Rodebaugh, T. L., Woods, C. M., & Heimberg, R. G. (2007). The Reverse of social anxiety is not always the opposite: The reverse-scored items of the social interaction anxiety scale do not belong. Behavior Therapy, 38, 192-206.

Lee, B. R., McMillen, J.C., Knudsen, K., & Woods, C. M. (2007). Quality directed activities and barriers to quality in social service organizations. Administration in Social Work, 31, 67-85.

Balsis, S., Gleason, M. E., Woods, C. M., & Oltmanns, T. F. (2007). An item response theory analysis of DSM-IV personality disorder criteria across young and older age groups. Psychology and Aging, 22, 171-185.

Woods, C. M. (2006). Ramsay-curve item response theory to detect and correct for non-normal latent variables. Psychological Methods, 11, 253-270.

Woods, C. M. (2006). Careless responding to reverse-worded items: Implications for confirmatory factor analysis. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 3, 189-194.

Woods, C. M., & Thissen, D. (2006). Item response theory with estimation of the latent population distribution using spline-based densities. Psychometrika, 71, 281-301.

Rodebaugh, T.L., Woods, C. M., Heimberg, R.G., Liebowitz, M.R., & Schneier, F.R. (2006). The Factor structure, item properties, and screening utility of the social interaction anxiety scale. Psychological Assessment, 18, 231-237.

Tolin, D. F., Woods, C. M., & Abramowitz, J. S. (2006). Disgust sensitivity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a nonclinical sample. Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 37, 30-40.

Vevea, J. L., & Woods, C. M. (2005). Publication bias in research synthesis: Sensitivity analysis using a priori weight functions. Psychological Methods, 10, 428-443.

Woods, C. M., & Rodebaugh, T. L. (2005). Factor structures of the original (FNE) and brief (BFNE) fear of negative evaluation scales: Correction to an erroneous footnote. Psychological Assessment, 17,385-386.

*Rodebaugh, T. L., *Woods, C. M., Thissen, D. M., Heimberg, R. G., Chambless, D. L., & Rapee, R. M. (2004). More information from fewer questions: The factor structure and item properties of the original and brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale. Psychological Assessment, 16,169-181. *Contributions of the first two authors are equal.

Woods, C. M., Tolin, D. F., & Abramowitz, J. S. (2004). Dimensionality of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ). Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 113-125.

Abramowitz, J. S., Deacon, B. J., Woods, C. M., & Tolin, D. F. (2004). Association between protestant religiosity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms and cognitions. Depression & Anxiety, 20, 70-76.

Tolin, D. F., Woods, C. M., & Abramowitz, J. S. (2003). Relationship between obsessional beliefs and obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 27, 657-669.

Deacon, B. J., Abramowitz, J. S., Woods, C. M., & Tolin, D. F. (2003). The anxiety sensitivity index-revised: Psychometric properties and factor structure in two nonclinical samples. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 41, 1427-1449.

Woods, C. M., Frost, R. O., & Steketee, G. (2002). Obsessive compulsive symptoms and subjective severity, probability, and coping ability estimations of future negative events. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 9, 104-111.

Woods, C. M., Vevea, J. L., Chambless, D. L., & Bayen, U. J. (2002). Are compulsive checkers impaired in memory? A meta-analytic review. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 9, 353-366.

Woods, C. M., Chambless, D.L., & Steketee, G. (2002). Homework compliance and behavior therapy outcome for panic with agoraphobia and obsessive compulsive disorder. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 31, 88-95.

Woods, C. M. (2002). Factor analysis of scales composed of binary items: Illustration with the Maudsley Obsessional Compulsive Inventory. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 24, 215-223

Grant Support Completed:

July, 2009 – June, 2014:
                      Neuropathogenesis of Clade C HIV in South Africa
                      National Institute of Mental Health; .15 FTE
                      (Award Number: 1R01MH085604-01A2); PI: Robert Paul

May, 2012 – October, 2012:
                      Upgrading the Operational Submarine Mental Health Screening Test to Better Predict Psychological and Legal Discharges during First Term Enlistment
                      United States Navy (subcontract); PI: John Melton

Sept., 2008 – August 2011:
                      DIF Testing with Estimation of the Latent Densities
                      National Science Foundation
                      (Award Number: SES-0818722); PI: Carol Woods

Sept., 2002 – June, 2004:
                      Improving the Measurement of Psychopathology.
                      Individual Predoctoral National Research Service Award (1 F31 MH67334-01).
                      National Institute of Mental Health

Software:

Woods, C. M. (2008). EHDIF1 v.1: Software for IRT-based DIF testing with estimation of the focal group density as an empirical histogram. Technical Report. Washington University in St. Louis.

Woods, C. M. (2006). RCLOG v.2: Software for item response theory parameter estimation with the latent population distribution represented using spline-based densities. Technical Report. Washington University in St. Louis.

Woods, C. M. (2006). EHLOG v.1: Software for item response theory parameter estimation with the latent population distribution represented as an empirical histogram. Technical Report. Washington University in St. Louis.

Woods, C. M., & Thissen, D. (2004). RCLOG v.1: Software for item response theory parameter estimation with the latent population distribution represented using spline-based densities. Technical Report. L.L. Thurstone Psychometric Laboratory.

Peer-reviewed chapters:

Woods, C. M. (2015). Estimating the latent density in unidimensional IRT to permit non-normality. In S. Reise & D. Revicki (Ed.), Handbook of Item Response Theory Modeling: Applications to Typical Performance Assessment (pp. 60-84). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.

Woods, C. M. (2013). Categorical methods. In T. Little (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of quantitative methods, Vol. 2 (Chapter 4). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Woods, C. M., & Edwards, M. C. (2008). Factor analysis and related methods. In C. R. Rao, J. P. Miller, & D. C. Rao (Eds.), Handbook of statistics, volume 27: Epidemiology and medical statistics (pp. 367-394). Boston: Elsevier North-Holland.