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Instructional Design Models

Informational Site


ADDIE is one of the most common ID models. Addie is an acronym for analyze, design, develop, implement, and evaluate. Its 5 steps are easy to implement and can be adapted to most situations.

  • Analyze - Conduct needs analysis, analyze who the learners are and the context they will learn in
  • Design - Establish objectives, determine best method of instructional delivery
  • Develop - in this phase the instruction is actually created along with associated materials
  • Implement - Instruction is delivered to learners and instructors for use
  • Evaluate - Determine if objectives were met and plan for future revisions

Rapid Prototyping

As a utilized adaptation to the ADDIE model, the Rapid Prototyping model emphasizes that through an iterative process the verification of the design documents saves time and money by catching problems while they are still easy to fix. It typically has several steps merged together to streamline the process.

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Dick and Carey

The Dick and Carey Model addresses instruction as an entire system, focusing on the interrelationship between context, content, learning and instruction. The components of this model are as follows:
      Step 1: Identify Instructional Goal(s)
      Step 2: Conduct Instructional Analysis
      Step 3: Analyze Learners and Contexts
      Step 4: Write Performance Objectives
      Step 5: Develop Assessment Instruments
      Step 6: Develop Instructional Strategy
      Step 7: Develop and Select Instructional Materials
      Step 8: Design and Conduct Formative Evaluation of Instruction
      Step 9: Revise Instruction
      Step 10: Design and Conduct Summative Evaluation


C= Configurations
L= Linkages
E= Environments
R= Resources

In the application of instructional development, H. S. Bhola’s CLER Model can:
  1. Anchor instructional development in real time and space;
  2. Assist in focusing the variables involved;
  3. Help determine the range of choices; and
  4. Assist with implementation and evaluation.
It can help developers assess alternatives and choose among them.

This site is a class project for C&T 873, Spring 2010, by Diane Coffman, Jie Chen, and Jim Prothe.