CLSX 525 / HA 525 (line 25875)

Aegean Bronze Age Archaeology & Art

(Fall 2017; TR 11:00-12:15; 4037 Wescoe)

Last update: 11 August 2017

Lion Gate Relief, Mycenae, ca. 1475 BCE (the surrounding gate, however, is dated ca. 1300)


Professor, Department of Classics
Director of Jewish Studies


Office hours Fall 2017 Office hours Fall 2017 (walk-ins are OK, or email for appointments)
WR 12:30A-3:30P: WES 4029 (Jewish Studies)
T 12:00-2:00A: WES 1032 (Classics)

If these office hours are impossible, email me ( to arrange for other times.

Course Description: This course presents an introduction to the Aegean (Greek) Bronze Age (ca. 3000-1100 BCE). After a short introduction and overview of the general period, lectures will concentrate on the development of the civilizations in Crete and on the Mainland of Greece, focusing on their art and artifacts, society, gender roles, and scripts and administration.

Course Catalogue: "An interdisciplinary survey of the major cultures of the prehistoric Aegean (Greek) world from the Neolithic period to the end of the Bronze Age (ca. 3000-1100 B.C.E.), with special emphasis on the cultural and artistic achievements of the Mycenaeans, Minoans, and Cycladic islanders, including their contacts with the neighboring cultures of Anatolia (Hittites and Troy), the Levant, Egypt, and South Italy. Includes lecture with slides and discussion. For advanced undergraduates with backgrounds in the humanities and for graduate students (especially in Classics and History of Art). No knowledge of Greek or Latin is required. (Same as HA 525.) Eligibility: H Humanities (H) , World Civilization (W)"

Course Goals: Besides a familiarity with the details of Aegean civilizations in the Bronze Age, the student should be able to extract social meaning from material culture, how to interpret artifactual change as reflecting historical change, and how to characterize culture in terms of its artifactual assemblage.

Required Text, online
Jerry Rutter, Aegean Prehistoric Archaeology

Recommended for purchase:.
S. Hood, Arts in Prehistoric Greece (ISBN 9780300052879)

Additional Course Materials
  • Books and Articles (see end of syllabus for library and call number)
  • Aegean Chronology, a sketch
  • Extra course documents will be placed on-line on Blackboard.

    • Attendance & Class Participation. I expect full attendance at each class session; I shall take attendance 12-15 times during the semester (this may determine whether you take the Final or not).

      You should come to each class because almost ALL the material on the exams (slide illustrations, important points) will come from the lectures.

      I expect some class participation (questions, discussion) from each student. This will result in my knowing your name; if I do not know your name by the Midterm, then you are not doing your job.

    • 1 Term Paper or Project (due on or before 1 Dec).
      From the list posted at the end of this syllabus, select a subject to write on or a project -- or create one of your own. Email me your choice so I can help you.
      The projects take various forms but a term paper should be 8-10 pages -- bibliography and illustrations are both necessary, but they are NOT to be included in your page count.
      A term paper should be sign-posted, with separate sections each with a heading (e.g., "Introduction," "A Problem," "A Possible Solution"). On Blackboard/Documents, I have uploaded a "Short Sample Paper" on Blackboard/Course Documents.
      Treat this paper as a research paper with a good and properly cited bibliography (at least 5 sources), sources given in the text (in-text or footnotes or endnotes) for where you got your information, and captions to your illustrations that say where you got those (you may not use illustrations taken from my PowerPoint lectures)..
      Click here for a summary about bibliography and footnotes.
      Click here for a select bibliography in the KU libraries.
      Click here for a list of some topics.

    • 2 Quizzes and the Midterm

      There will be 2 short quizzes, a midterm, and a possible final (see below).

      Quizzes: 21 Sep, 30 Nov.
      Midterm exam: 12 Oct in class.
      possible (see below) Final exam: 12 Dec (T), 10:30 am - 1:00 pm, WES 4037.

      For the quizzes and exams, a "template" will be posted on Blackboard one week before the exam. The templates will give information of the following sort: "From the following 5 discussion points, the quiz will select 3, on 1 of which you will write a one-page essay."

      Both exams will have approximately the same format: slide identifications (all will have been shown in class); identifications of technical terms, archaeological sites, and archaeologists; and a couple of short essays and one longer essay.

      In addition, the midterm will have a map-identification section, locating archaeological sites on a map that you draw of the Aegean basin.

      Makeup Exams will be given ONLY if your absence is legitimate (serious health problems, a death in the immediate family) AND if you have a written document testifying to this emergency, to be submitted within a reasonable length of time; if this is a foreseeable absence, then you must inform me of your absence at least one week in advance by e-mail.

  • COMPLAINTS: If you have a complaint, please discuss it first with me. If you feel that you cannot discuss it with me, you may take your complaint to the Chair of the Classics Department, Professor Tara Welch ( She may convene a panel of three Classics Professors to hear your complaint. If you do not receive a satisfactory solution, you may submit a written complaint to the University Judicial Board in the College office of Governance in Strong Hall.

    CONCEALED CARRY; 2017-2018 is the first academic year KU will be abiding by laws governing the concealed carry of firearms. Please study the university's website on this matter: Concealed Carry.

    Individuals who choose to carry concealed handguns are solely responsible to do so in a safe and secure manner in strict conformity with state and federal laws and KU weapons policy.

    Safety measures outlined in the KU weapons policy specify that a concealed handgun:
  • Must be under the constant control of the carrier.
  • Must be out of view, concealed either on the body of the carrier, or backpack, purse, or bag that remains under the carrier’s custody and control.
  • Must be in a holster that covers the trigger area and secures any external hammer in an un-cocked position
  • Must have the safety on, and have no round in the chamber.
  • Because the Kansas law only allows concealed carry by individuals 21 and over and federal regulation bars individuals with nonimmigrant visas from possessing firearms, a significant portion of the student population will be ineligible to carry a concealed handgun. Since 59% of KU undergraduates are under the age of 21 and 9.2% are international students, they will be ineligible to carry a concealed handgun. And by survey, more than 82% of faculty and staff disapprove of concealed carry; they probably will also not be carrying handguns.
  • Except for law enforcement officials, individuals may not carry a concealed handgun in locations where the university provides adequate security measures.
  • Because so many classroom buildings have multiple entrances, these cannot be secured against handguns; thus, concealed carry of handguns are allowed in most KU buildings.
  • Except when necessary for transferring to safe storage or self-defense, a handgun must not be openly displayed.

    Violations of policy may result in individuals being asked to leave campus with the weapon and being cited for trespass if they refuse.

    Open carry of handguns or other firearms is not permitted on either the Lawrence or Edwards campuses. Anyone who sees an openly carried firearm on campus should call 911 immediately.

  • ACADEMIC MISCONDUCT (Plagiarism, Cheating, Inappropriate Behavior)
  • Plagiarism: turning in someone else's work as your work; quoting another person's work or statement without acknowledgement. For more information see the Writing Center's website on avoiding plagiarism.

  • Cheating: getting answers on exams from someone else or from some help that is not in your own brain (e.g., iPods, cell phones).

  • Academic Misconduct: "Academic misconduct by a student shall include, but not be limited to, disruption of classes; threatening an instructor or fellow student in an academic setting; giving or receiving of unauthorized aid on examinations or in the preparation of notebooks, themes, reports or other assignments [= cheating]; knowingly misrepresenting the source of any academic work; unauthorized changing of grades; unauthorized use of University approvals or forging of signatures; falsification of research results; plagiarizing of another's work; violation of regulations or ethical codes for the treatment of human and animal subjects; or otherwise acting dishonestly in research." For more information on academic misconduct, see the Writing Center's website on academic misconduct.

  • I regard plagiarism and cheating as very serious offenses (I sit on the CLAS Academic Misconduct Board). All attempts to take credit for work that is not your own or to assist others in doing so will be dealt with according to the policies of the College of Liberal Arts & Sciences.

  • At the very least, the cheating student will fail the assignment, if not the course, AND I shall file an academic misconduct charge against the student with the Department of Classics.
    • If the student has committed prior offences or if I judge the academic misconduct severe enough, I may propose a harsher punishment than failure of the assignment (e.g., failure of the course, citation of academic misconduct to appear on the student's transcript, suspension for a specific amount of time from the University, or expulsion).

    • Regardless of the punishment proposed, the student then signs the form filed with the Department, indicating whether they accept the charge and punishment or whether they deny the charge and/or appeal the punishment. Regardless, this signed form is then filed with the Office of Student Academic Services.

    • The Department of Classics then determines if the student has no prior charges of academic misconduct; if there are any, the present charge of academic misconduct will be adjudicated by a panel convened by the Office of Student Academic Services.

    • If there are no prior charges, and if the student denies the present charge or appeals the proposed punishment the Department of Classics may convene a panel of at least three of its faculty to hear the charge and the student's response. The panel will then inform the student in a timely fashion of its decision -- that decision is then filed with the Office of Student Academic Services. If the student wishes to appeal that decision, the student may file a further appeal within 30 days with the University Judicial Board (located in the Office of University Governance, 30 Strong Hall) -- the decision of that body is final.

    The Academic Achievement & Access Center (AAAC) coordinates accommodations and services for all KU students who are eligible. If you have a disability for which you wish to request accommodations and have not contacted the AAAC, please do so as soon as possible. Their office is located in 22 Strong Hall; their phone number is 785-864-4064 (V/TTY).

    For information about their services click here (

    Also, please contact me privately in regard to your needs in this course.

    Should the examination schedule for this course conflict with your mandated religious observance, please contact me at the beginning of the semester so that we can schedule a make-up exam at a mutually acceptable time. In addition, students will not be penalized for absence from regularly scheduled class activities which conflict with mandated religious observances. Students are responsible for initiating discussion with the instructor to reach a mutually acceptable solution.

    The University of Kansas prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, ethnicity, religion, sex, national origin, age, ancestry, disability, status as a veteran, sexual orientation, marital status, parental status, retaliation, gender identity, gender expression and genetic information in the University's programs and activities. Please contact the University office of Institutional Opportunity & Access:


    22 (T) Aug: Introduction to the Course, Basic Chronology & Terminology, Maps

    24 (R) Aug: The Palaeolithic Inhabitation of Greece to the Neolithic Colonization of Crete
    Required Readings
    Rutter, "Chronology," "Environment," "Prehistory" and Rutter, Lesson 1, Palaeolithic-Neolithic

    29 (T) Aug: The Early Bronze Age in the Cyclades (Early Cycladic)
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lesson 4: Early Cycladic

    Recommended Readings from bibliography at end
    Doumas, Cycladic Art

    31 (R) Aug, 5 (T) Sep: The Early Bronze Age on the Mainland (Early Helladic)
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lessons 3 & 4: Early Helladic

    7 (R), 12 (T) Sep: The Early Bronze Age in Crete (Early Minoan)
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lessons 5 & 6: Early Minoan

    14 (R), 19 (T) Sep: The Protopalatial Period in Crete (Middle Minoan IB-II)
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lessons 10 & 11: Middle Minoan
    Linear A Texts
    Cretan Pictographic Texts

    Recommended Readings from bibliography at end
    Betancourt, History of Minoan Pottery

    21 (R) Sep: Quiz 1

    21 (R) Sep: The Invention of Writing: Pictographic & Linear A
    Required Readings
    Introduction to Hieroglyphic
    Introduction to Linear A

    26 (T) Sep: The Middle Bronze Age in the Cyclades (Middle Cycladic) and on the Mainland (Middle Helladic)
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lesson 9: Middle Helladic

    Recommended Readings from the bibliography at end
    Cullen, Review II
    Hood, pp. 38-41

    28 (R) Sep, 3 ((T) Oct: The Neopalatial Period in Crete (Middle Minoan III - Late Minoan I)
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lessons 12-15

    Recommended Readings from bibliography at end
    Barber, Prehistoric Textiles
    Marinatos, Function of the Minoan Palaces
    Marinatos, Minoan Religion
    Graham, Palaces of Crete
    Hägg, R., The Master Impression
    Platon, Zakros
    Warren, Minoan Stone Vases (the relief rhyta)

    5 (R), 10 (T) Oct: The Shaft Grave Period (Late Helladic I)
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lesson 16: The Shaft Graves

    Recommended Readings from bibliography at end
    Vermeule, Art of the Shaft Graves

    12 (R) Oct: MIDTERM

    16-17 (M-T) Oct: FALL BREAK

    19 (R), 24 (T), 26 (R): Akrotiri and the Eruption of Thera (Late Minoan IA advanced), the Late Minoan IB Destructions
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lessons 17 & 18: Akrotiri, Thera; Minoan influence in the Eastern Mediterranean

    Recommended Readings from bibliography at end
    Doumas, Wall Paintings of Thera
    Marinatos, N., Art & Religion in Thera
    Marinatos, S., Excavations at Thera
    Morgan, Miniature Wall Paintings of Thera
    Rutkowski, Cult Places of the Aegean

    31 (T) Oct, 2 (R) Nov: The Arrival of the Mycenaeans in Crete (Late Minoan IB-III A1, Late Helladic IIB-III A1)
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lesson 19: The Mycenaeans, part I

    Recommended Readings from bibliography at end
    Long, Ayia Traidha Sarcophagus
    Hägg, R., and N. Marinatos, Sanctuaries & Cults in the Aegean Bronze Age
    Immerwahr, Aegean Painting

    7 (T), 9 (R), 14 (T) Nov: The Mycenaean Hegemony
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lessons 20-26: the Mycenaeans, part II

    Recommended Readings from bibliography at end
    Blegen, Palace of Nestor, vol. 1 (Pylos, the palace & contents), 2 (the wall paintings)
    Chadwick, Mycenaean World (palaces & administration)
    Hooker, Introduction to Linear B
    Mylonas, Mycenae and the Mycenaean Age (Mycenae, the palace)
    Renfrew, Archaeology of Cult (into to cult-identification, Phylakopi sanctuary)
    Ventris & Chadwick, Documents in Mycenaean Greek (Linear B)
    Vermeule & Karageorghis, Mycenaean Pictorial Vase Painting
    Wace, Mycenae, an archaeological history and guide (Mycenae, the palace)

    16 (R), 21 (T) Nov: Ulu Burun Shipwreck
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lesson 22: Mycenaean Trade

    22 (W) - 23 (Su) Nov: THANKSGIVING

    30 (R) Nov: Quiz 2

    28 (T) Nov, 30 (R) Nov: Troy
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lessons 7 (Western Anatolia), 23 & 27 (Troy VI & VII)

    5 (T), 7 (R) Dec: Collapse & Transition to the Early Iron Age
    Required Readings
    Rutter, Lesson 28: Mycenaean Collapse
    Rutter, Lesson 29: Transition to the Early Iron Age

    Recommended Readings from bibliography at end
    Nilsson, Minoan-Mycenaean Religion and its Survival in Greek Religion
    Homer, Iliad & Odyssey

    Suggestions for Term Papers/Projects




    Nestor, a searchable bibliography on the Aegean Bronze Age since 1952
    Linear A Inscriptions
    Cretan Hieroglyphic Texts
    The Phaistos Disc
    Linear B

    Books and Articles

    General Handbooks; see below for library and call number

    Buchholz, H-G, & V Karageorghis, Prehistoric Greece and Cyprus

    Christopoulus & Bastias, History of the Hellenic World, vol 1: Prehistory & Protohistory

    Cullen (ed.), Aegean Prehistory: a review

    Dickinson, Aegean Bronze Age

    Evans, Palace of Minos

    Hood, Arts in Prehistoric Greece

    Kenna, Cretan Seals

    Marinatos & Hirmer, Crete & Mycenae

    Vermeule, Greece in the Bronze Age

    Boardman, Greek Gems & Fingerrings (chap 1)

    Warren, Aegean Bronze Age

    Zervos, Civilisation hellénique

    Zervos, Naissance de la civilisation en Grèce

    Barber, E.Prehistoric TextilesWatson GN776.2.A1 B37 1990
    Betancourt, P.P.History of Minoan PotteryWatson DF221.C8 B564 1985
    Blegen, CW The Palace of Nestor, vols. 1 & 2Watson 913.033 B615p 1966
    Boardman, J.Greek Gems and Finger Rings Art & Archit. NK5565 .B62
    Branigan, K.Foundations of Palatial CreteWatson DF261.C8 B7
    Buchholz, H-G, & V KarageorghisPrehistoric Greece and CyprusWatson DF220 .B713
    Chadwick, J.The Mycenaean WorldWatson DF220 .C43
    Christopoulus & BastiasHistory of the Hellenic World, vol 1: Prehsitory & ProtohistoryWatson folio DF759 .H5813 1975
    CullenAegean Prehistory: a reviewWatson DF220 .A275 2001
    Demakopoulou, KThe Myceneaen WorldArt & Archit. DF220 .C43
    Dickinson, OTPKAegean Bronze AgeWatson DF220 .D49 1994
    Doumas, ChristosWall Paintings of TheraWatson DF221.T38 D69 1992
    Doumas, ChristosThera, Pompeii of the AegeanWatson DF221.T38 D68 1983
    Doumas, ChristosCycladic ArtArt & Archit. N5899.C9 D592 1983
    Evans, A.Palace of Minos, all 7 vols.Watson DF221.C8 E75 1964
    Gesell, G.House CultWatson folio DF220.3 .G47 1985
    Graham, J.W.Palaces of CreteWatson DF221.C8 G7 1987
    Hägg, R.The Master ImpressionWatson folio DF221.C8 H33 1985
    Hägg, R., and N. MarinatosSanctuaries & Cults in the Aegean Bronze AgeWatson folio BL785 .S26 1981
    Homer (trans. Lombardo)IliadWatson PA4025.A2 L66 1997
    Homer (trans. Lombardo)OdysseyWatson PA4025.A5 L66 1997
    Hood, S.The Arts in Prehistoric GreeceArt & Archit. N5310.5.G8 H66
    Hooker, T.J.Linear B: An IntroductionWatson P1038 .H66 1980
    Immerwahr, S.Aegean PaintingArt & Archit. ND2570 .I45 1990
    Kenna, V.E.G.Cretan SealsWatson folio CD5363 .K4
    Long, C.Ayia Triadha SarcophagusWatson folio DF221.C8 L6
    Marinatos, N.Art & Religion in TheraWatson DF221.T38 M367 1984
    Marinatos, N.Function of the Minoan PalacesWatson folio DF221.C8 F86 1987
    Marinatos, N.Minoan ReligionWatson BL793.C7 M34 1993
    Marinatos, S., and Max HirmerCrete & MycenaeArt & Archit. folio N5660 .M3513x
    Marinatos, S.Excavations at Thera, all 7 vols.Watson DF261.T4 M3, M32, M33, M34, M37
    Morgan, L.Miniature Wall Paintings of TheraWatson DF221.T38 M67 1988
    Mylonas, G.Mycenae and the Mycenaean AgeWatson 913.388031 M994m 1966
    Nilsson, M.Minoan-Mycenaean Religion and its Survival in Greek ReligionAnschutz 068.485 H88s no.9 1971
    Platon, N.ZakrosWatson DF221.C8 P586
    RehakRole of the Rulerin JGY's office
    Renfrew, C.The Archaeology of CultWatson DF221.P6 R46 1985
    Rutkowski, B.Cult Places of the AegeanWatson BL785 .R88 1986
    Ventris, M., & J. ChadwickDocuments in Mycenaean GreekWatson 481.7 V567d 1956
    Vermeule, E.T.Greece in the Bronze AgeWatson 913.38 V591g 1964
    Vermeule, E.T.Art of the Shaft GravesWatson DF221.M9 V47
    Vermeule, E.T., & V. KarageorghisMycenaean Pictorial Vase PaintingArt & Archit. folio NK4646 .V47 1982
    Wace, A.Mycenae, an archaeological history and guide. Watson 913.388 W11
    Warren, P.Aegean Bronze AgeWatson DF220 .W358 1989
    Warren, P.Minoan Stone VasesArt & Archit. NK4646 .W3
    Zervos, ChristienArt de la Crète néolithique et minoenne. Art & Archit. folio N5660 .Z4
    Zervos, ChristienArt des Cyclades, du début à la fin de l'âge du bronze, 2500-1100 avant notre ère. Art & Archit. folio N5899.C9 Z4 1957
    Zervos, ChristienArt en Grèce, du troisième millénaire au IVe siècle avant notre ère. Art & Archit. folio N5630 .Z5 1946
    Zervos, ChristienCivilisation hellénique.Art & Archit. folio DF77 .Z47
    Zervos, ChristienNaissance de la civilisation en Grèce. Watson folio GN815 .Z4

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    John Younger