The Hieroglyphic Documents from Knossos

a web edition of CHIC with commentary

inaugural date: 12 November 2005; last update: 22 December 2011


Comments, corrections, questions: John Younger (jyounger@ku.edu)


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Notes
For best viewing results, widen this webfile to at least 25 cm.

In the commentary (not in the headings), CHIC documents (numbers preceded by #) in bold (e.g., #225) are sealstones or impressions.

In the "normalizations" (phonetic readings) suggested below, the phonetic identifications of the Hiero signs are based on Notes on the Signs, a separate study of the individual signs, their resemblances to Linear A/B signs and the patterns of their use in Hiero. The phonetic values of signs in black are considered certain; those in red are considered probable; and those in green are considered possible. With green values, sometimes only the consonant is guessed and the syllable is then rendered as in the following Kv.

A raised asterisk after the syllabogram indicates the reading is doubtful (e.g., *), similarly for the underlined transnumeration and normalization (e.g., 042 A).


KNOSSOS


#001. KN Ha (HMs 183 [SM I, P77]), Crescent, unimpressed (2.9 x 1.2 x 0.9 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
ano seal impression 
bvacat 
g X *X 053-034-031-070
dvacat 

Comments
g: CHIC's notes to #091 compares this signgroup to 070-031-034 (#091.b). JGY: cf. 070-094-034 (#328), and 070-031-019 (#054.e). The initial X, then, belongs to the logogram * *053. And the remaining signgroup is to be read retrograde.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g   X *070-031-034   X 053RO-RE-TA    VAS

Compare
Linear A: A-RU-RA-TA (HT 11a.1); and *401VAS+RA and *401VAS+RU (KH 12, 18, 31, 63, 68, 83, 84, 85, 91; MI 2)


#002. KN Ha (HMs 184 [SM I, P78]), Crescent, unimpressed (3 x 1.4 x 1.3 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
ano seal impression 
bvacat 
g X *X 013-056-068
d   ] >?   ]050-016 >?

Comments
g: JGY: 068 is apparently always a terminal sign; and 013 is apparently always the logogram BOS *152 (cf. * 068-009-011 [#225]).
d: JGY: compare X X X 042 050-016 X 042 (#003.d; see note), and X X 050-016 (#032.a2).

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
d-c]     *     X 050-016     *152     056-068]TI-KI     BOS     X KU-Rv

Compare
Linear A: TE-KI KU-RO (HT 13.3-4 & 7), TE-KI (HT 122a.3); cf. QA-TI-KI (KH 7b.3-4), A-I-TI-KI (HT 115b.4, possible). KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid" - see Younger 2003); cf. HT 30 (BOS-m ... KI-RO, "deficit").


#003. KN Ha (AM/ 1910.206/<169> [SM I, P76]), nodulus, unimpressed (3.3 x 1.7 x 1.3 cm)
As on the nodulus
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
ano seal impression 
bX X 016-054
gX X 009-077-013-020
dX     X X 057-016   050-016-042 X

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
ano seal impression 
bX X 016-054
gX X 009-077-013-020
d1X X 057-016
d2X X 042-016-050

Comments
JGY: g: the signgroup is also engraved on a sealstone 009-077-013-020 (#139).
d: CHIC: d1 (read retrograde) and d2 (read orthograde) are separated by a break in the clay (in fact, each signgroup is written on an inclined plane, and the two planes meet in the center). JGY: Since X X 042 is actually removed toward the edge of the crescent face, there are in fact three signgroups.
JGY: The order of the two-sign signgroups (X 057-016, 050-016) reverses that on #032.a2-b: X X 050-016 X X 057-047-061.
JGY: For 057-016, cf. X * X 016-057-013-074-075 (#053.c2); 050-016 recurs on #002.d and #032.a2.


JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
gX X 009-077-013-020A2-RU2-MU2-AI
bX X 016-054KI-DE
d1X X 042 = *175A
d2X X 057-016KI-KI
d3050-016TI-KI
ano seal impression  

Compare
g: Linear A: JA-RU-MA-NE (PH 7a.4), JA-RE-MI (HT 87.3), A-RU (HT 9a.5-6, HT 49a.6)
b: Linear A: KA-DI (ZA 4a.8, poss. = "owing"); cf. KI-DE-MA-*323-NA[ (HT 31.4-5; cf. MI-DA-NI, HT 41a.4 {implying a poss. separation, KI-DE + MA-*323-NA[})
d1: Linear A: logogram: HT 37.5; HT Wa 1147; HT Wa 1148; HT Wa 1149; KH 11.2; KH Wc 2122
d2: Linear A: KI-KI-NA (HT 88.2), KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 85b.1)
d3: Linear A: TE-KI (HT 13.3-4, HT 122a.3); cf. QA-TI-KI (KH 7b.3-4), A-I-TI-KI (HT 115b.4, possible)


#004. KN Ha (HMs 171 [SM I, P68]), Crescent, impressed (3.7 x 1.5 x 0.9 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a impression (not H: spirals around rayed circle [CMS II 8.44]) 
bvacatvacat
gX X 019-038-059
dvacatvacat

Comments
a: the seal impression depicts a rayed circle, perhaps a variant of 005, an abbreviation for <> <044->005; a similar seal impressed #017.
g: the signgroup (over an erasure) is a hapax legomenon.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g X X 019-038-059X SA-JA-MA
a<><044->005?<KO>-Rv
b, dvacatvacatvacat

Compare
g: Linear A: SA-JA-MA (HT 31.3). Since this SA-JA-MA seems to be associated with at leaast 30 vases 402VAS, 415VAS, and 416VAS, and since one of Linear A's ideograms for VAS is modified by ligature, 401VAS+RU, it is conceivable that, if SA-JA-MA in CHIC #004 refers to Linear A SA-JA-MA, the impression might refer to VAS+Rv.
a: Linear A: ? KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid")


#005. KN Ha (AM 1910.207 = HMs <175> [SM I, P75]), Crescent, impressed ([3.1] x 1.6 x 0.9 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (H) (CMS II 8.63 [#159]; CMS II 8.62 [#160]) 
bvacatvacat
g] [   ><]047-092[   ><
dvacatvacat

Comments
g: CHIC: 092 over an erasure; probably ]•[; ]147-092-•[. JGY: The preserved signgroup is a hapax legomenon; as the only inscribed signgroup, it should be a heading.
a2: #160: CHIC reads ]* ]028-020-041, a hapax legomenon. The four-sided prism #303 carries X X 062-020-028 (#303.a), which supports a retrograde reading here. On another face of this seal appears 044-049 KO-RO3 (#303.d), a transaction term (? Linear A KU-RO, "balance," "total," "paid"), which parallels the other impression on this crescent.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g][ ><]047-092[]QE-RU[
a2 (#160)*[ <? 041-020-028[> WA-AI-KU2[ or < ]KU2-AI-WA
a1 (#159)]]044-049KO-RO3
b, dvacatvacatvacat

Compare
g: Linear A: QE-RA2-U (HT 1.1-2; HT 95a.4-5, 95b.4-5); cf. QE-RA2-JA (HT 3.2), or some transaction term like KU-RO or KI-RO
a2: Linear A: < ]KO-A-DU-WA (TY 3a.6), > -A-JA-KU (KN Zf 13)
a1: Linear A: ? KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid")


#006. KN Ha (HMs 177 [SM I, P57]), Crescent, impressed (3.2 x 1.2 x 1 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
aimpression (not H: blobs on gold ring) (CMS II 8.59) 
bvacatvacat
g*154
dvacatvacat

Comments
g: *154 reccurs on KN tablet #068 and PH tablet #122. It is obviously a staple, probably OLIVA (olives): on KN #068, it accompanies *175 A, *151 VIR3, * *156 VINUM, and * *153 GRANUM; on PH #122, it accompanies, in 2 lists, *158 OLEUM?, ? *155 FICUS, and *153 GRANUM.

Compare
g: Linear A: *122 OLIVA


#007. KN Ha (HMs 178 [SM I, P74]), Crescent, impressed ([3.1] x 1.4 x 1.1 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
ano seal impression 
b]vacatvacat
g2 impressions (H & not H) (CMS II 8.83 [#161] & 85); or both H??) 
d]]*156

Comments
d. CHIC: The inscription was not put on face c, which was already impressed with the 2 impressions (normally placed on the opposing face a); JGY: cf. #020. It is as if the inscription and impressions were reversed - the impression providing the standard texts (placename and transaction) and the inscription providing the commodity; on #020, the impression provides not only the transaction, but also the commodity.
g2. If we read the engraved images as an inscription, catface-031 or MA-RE, there are Linear A parallels on HT 55a.1 and possibly PH 30.2; a place Ib-NU-MA-RE is also associated with VIN on ZA 5b.1 and ZA 15a.4-5.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g2 (CMS II 8.85)catface-031MA-RE
d]]*156]VINUM
g1 (#161)044-049 KO-RO3
a, bvacatvacat vacat

Compare
g2: Linear A: MA-RE (HT 55a.1; PH 30.2?), cf. VINa+SU/ME ... Ib-NU-MA-RE (ZA 5b.1 & ZA 15a.4-4)
d: Linear A: *131 VIN
g1: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid")


#008. KN Ha (HMs 184 [SM I, P55]), Crescent, impressed ([2.9] x 1.3 x [0.6] cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (one not H [interlocking C-spirals] & one ?) 
bvacatvacat
gX [ X 028-038-032[
ddeestdeest

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g X [028-038-032KU2-JA-RE[

Compare
g: Linear A: ]-*306-TI-KA-A-RE[ (HT 4.1)


#009. KN Ha (HMs 186), Crescent, impressed ([3.6] x 2.8 x 1 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a impression (eroded) 
bvacatvacat
g]    ><]065-063   ><
dvacatvacat

Comments
g: The signgroup may have a parallel: **[ 065-049-049-063 [ (#269.b).

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g] 065-063>]NU?-PA or <PA-NU?

Compare
g: Linear A: PA-NU-QE (ZA 14.4); KU-PA3-NU (HT 1.3-4, HT 3.6; HT 49a.6-7; HT 8.5; HT 117a.3; HT 122a.6 & 7; PH? 31a.3)


#010. KN Ha (HMs 190 [SM I, P72]), Crescent, impressed (3.2 x [1.3] x 1 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a3 impressions (not H) (CMS II 8.60 [bull face, 2 x] & CMS II 8.36) 
bdeestdeest
g•-038-•
dvacatvacat

Comments
CHIC: theoretically, Linear A is not impossible. g: CHIC: Traces of an erasure.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g•-038-••-JA-•


#011. KN Ha (HMs 192 [SM I, P69]) Crescent, impressed ([2.7] x 1.5 x 1.2 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (H) (CMS II 8.76 [#165] & CMS II 8.73 [#166] 
bvacatvacat
g* [049-049028 [
dvacatvacat

Comments
a2. The signgroup in the impression ( 056-047-031 [#166]) recurs in #032.a1, and in the following variant: 047-070-031 (#058.b1), which also recurs undoubtedly in #020.d); cf. 063-047-031 (#052.a2), which is probably to be read   j 063-047 *174.
b. CHIC: String mark preserved.
g: CHIC: A deliberate erasure begins under the second - -049. JGY: see the Notes to Sign 028, and Inflection Sequence 5b1.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
a2 (#166)056-047-031KU-QE-RE
g]*]028049-049]KU2-RO3 RO3
a1 (#165)]]044-005]KO-Rv
b, dvacatvacat

Compare
a2: Linear A: QE-KU-RE (HT 20.2-3; HT Wc 3017), QA-QA-RU (HT 93a.4-5; HT 111a.3?; HT 118.2-3; HT 122b.3-4), QA-*118-RA-RE (HT 96b.1-2), KE-KI-RU (HT 94b.2), KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 85b.1)
g: Hiero KU-RO-RO (#061.e), KU-RO-RO2 (#298.a). Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid"); RO+RO (KH 18.4; KH Wa 1001, 1002)
a1: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid" - see Younger 2003) or KI-RO, "deficit".


#012. KN Ha (HMs 202), Crescent, impressed ([2.2] x [1.1] x 0.6 cm). Good color photograph of both impression and inscription: Karetsou, Andreadaki-Vlasaki, Papadaki, Kriti-Aigyptos, Herakleion 2000, p. 156.
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
aimpression (not H: 3RPr: genius stands to L, holding jug; CMS II 8.195) 
bdeestdeest
g]X   []X 028-049[
d] vacat [ 

Comments
g: JGY: for the signgroup, see Notes to Sign 028.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
aimpression (not H: 3RPr: genius stands to L, holding jug; CMS II 8.195) 
g]X   []X 028-049[]X KU2-RO3[
dvacatvacatvacat
bdeestdeestdeest

Compare
g: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid")


#013. KN Ha (HMs 206 [SM I, P63]), Crescent, impressed (3.6 x 1.5 x 0.7 cm)
as on the crescent
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (CMS II 8.71 [#167, also on crescent #015] & CMS II 8.89 [#124]) 
bvacatvacat
g X •   |   X •[ X •-062-011-056   |   X 044-•[
dvacatvacat

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (H) (CMS II 8.71 [#167, also on crescent #015] & CMS II 8.89 [#124]) 
bvacatvacat
g1X •   |X •-062-011-056   |
g2X •[X 044-•[
dvacatvacat

Comments
a1 & a2: 049-070-070 (#167) also impressed #015.a1; for the signgroup compare 056-070-070 (#061.e), and 056-070-040 (#298.a); see Inflection Sequence 5b1. It seems an unlikely coincidence that these two impressed signgroups, 049-070-070 (#167) and X X 040-029-029 (#124), are both composed of three signs, two of which reduplicate; for a Linear A signgroup that contains two reduplicating syllabograms, see the Linear A graffito on plaster, HT Zd 155: A-JU NA-MA-MA-TI-TI-*319.
g: The signgroup 011-056 also appears as ][ ]011-056[ on #015.g, and by itself as 011-056 *153 (#024.g); it may have a variant 011-092 on #026. Here, the signgroup probably needs to be separated from • •-062. Perhaps the first sign is 042; cf. #095.b. Notes to Signgroups XI, suggests, on the analogy of Linear A document HT 30, that 011-056 is an abbreviation for    <> 011 056<070>.

Transaction Document
#013 follows the "Balance-Ledger" format (see "Transaction Documents"): we are missing the assessment and the debit (if any), and the amount paid (X •[ X 044-•[ = X 044-049[) is lost. Document #015 may have looked similar.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g1X *X 042-062A-NA
g2   |   X *[011-056   |    X 044-049[SI-KU   |   KO-RO3[
a2X X 040-029-029 RO2-MA-MA
a1049-070-070 RO3-RO-RO

g2: or:    <->   |   X *[   011   056<-070>   |   X 044-049[

Compare
g1: Linear A: cf. A-NA-QA? (HT 126a.2), A-NA-NU-SI-JA-SE[ (HT Zb 159), JA-NA-KI- (PK Za 8.a), A-NA-TI- (IO Za 8)
g2-3: Linear A: SI-KA (HT Wa 1014-1018; HT Wa 1027a+g; HT Wa 1028a+g); KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid")
a2: Linear A: cf. NA-MA-MA-TI-TI-*319 (HT Zd 155)
a1: Linear A: A-RU-RA-[&149;] (HT 11a.1-2), RA2-RO-RE (ZA 10b.5)


#014. KN Ha (HMs 249), Crescent, impressed ([2.0] x [0.7] x 1 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
aimpression (not H ?: 2 Mallia Workshop jugs) (CMS II 8.61) 
bdeestdeest
g]•*[   ><]•-038[   ><
dvacatvacat

Comments
g: CHIC: theoretically, this could be Linear A.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
bdeestdeestdeest
g]•*[]•-038[]•-JA[
aimpression: 2 jugs =? 053-053 ?JA-JA ?
dvacatvacatvacat


Compare
a: Linear A: JA-JA-[ (PK Za 18)


#015. KN Ha (HMs 1611), Crescent, impressed ([1.9] x 1.4 x 1.2 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
aimpression (H) (CMS II 8.71 [#167, also on #013]) 
b]vacat[ 
g] [   ><011-056[   ><
d]vacat[ 

Comments
This document may have looked much like #013.
a1: 049-070-070 (#167) also impressed #013.a1; 056-070-070 (#061.e), and 056-070-040 (#298.a); see Inflection Sequence 5b1.
g: Notes to Signgroups XI, suggests, on the analogy of HT 30, that ][ ]011-056[ might originally have been     011 056-070.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g]]011-056[SI-KU[
a (#167)049-070-070 RO3-RO-RO
avacatvacatvacat

Compare
g: if ]SI-KU[, then Linear A: SI-KA (HT Wa 1014-1018; HT Wa 1027a+g; HT Wa 1028a+g)
but if ]SI    KU[-RO, then SI ... KU-RO (HT 130)
a: Linear A: RA2-RO-RE (ZA 10b.5); A-RU-RA-[ ] (HT 11a.1-2)


#016. KN Ha (HMs 170 [SM I, P53]), Crescent, impressed (4.2 x 1.7 x 1.1 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions of the same sealface (not H: KSPI H2 papyrus flower) (CMS II 8.49) 
bX ••X ••
g•    ><049-056-•    ><
dvacatvacat

Comments
b, c: CHIC: the stylus was frayed or forked (and the clay was already quite dry when inscribed).
b: JGY reads, instead of CHIC's X • •, retrograde, a possible *** 057-019-070; compare:

057-019-023 or *   X 057-019-061 X *154 (#036.a)
057-023-070-018 (=?    057-070-018 *159bis) (#324).
Might the papyrus flower in the seal impression have functioned similarly to 023 in these two signgroups?
c: The first sign could be a clumsy initial X, which implies a two-sign signgroup of 056-049, which phonetically spells KU-RO3, a spelling which would be logical though unique.

Conservatively
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
bX ••X ••X ••
gX X 056-049X KU-RO3
a1+a2papyrus flower  
dvacatvacatvacat

Extremely
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
b+aX ***   papyrus flower = ?X 057-019-070   *154 ?KI-SA-RO3   OLIVA ?
gX X 056-049KU-RO3
dvacatvacatvacat

Compare
Extremely b+a+g: Linear A: KA-SA-RU (HT 10b.33); SA-RU OLIVA ... KU-RO (HT 123a)


#017. KN Ha (HMs 173 [SM I, P52]), Crescent, impressed ([4.2] x 1.8 x 1.3 cm)
on crescent
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (CMS II 8.45, 47) 
b*153
gX X 059-054-031
dvacatvacat

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (not H) (CMS II 8.47, 45) 
g-b X     X 059-054-031   *153
dvacatvacat

Comments
JGY: a: the two seal impressions depict a star (a1) and a rayed circle (a2), perhaps both being variants of 005, an abbreviation for <> <044->005 (for the duplication, see #018a & g); a similar seal impressed #004.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g-bX     X 059-054-031   *153MA-DE-RE   GRA
a1CMS II 8.45: rayed circle =? <><044->005<KO>-Rv
a2CMS II 8.47: star =? <><044->005<KO>-Rv
dvacatvacatvacat

Compare
g-b: Linear: JA-MI-DA-RE (HT 122a.4)
a1, a2: Linear A: KI-RO ("owed"); cf GRA ... KI-RO (HT 15)


#018. KN Ha (HMs 174 [SM I, P54]), Crescent, impressed (4 x 1.7 x 1 cm)
as on crescent
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (CMS II 8.65 [#158] & 64 [#140]) 
bX X 009-056-061
gX    X X 020-047   X 044-005
dvacatvacat

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (H) (CMS II 8.65 [#158], 64 [#140]) 
bX X 009-056-061
g1X X 020-047
g2X X 044-005
dvacatvacat

Comments
CHIC: Signgroup 044-005 occurs in the two impressions and is inscribed on face g.
JGY: a1, a2: the comination 044-005 with an intervening sign is common (see Notes to Sign 013).
JGY: b: For the signgroup, 009-056, see Notes to Signgroups XVI; also see Inflection Sequence 6b.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
bX 009-056-061A-KU-
g1X 020-047AI-QE
g2X 044-005KO-Rv
a1 (#140)   044-005   *152BOS   KO-Rv
a2 (#158)   044-005   *065   KO-Rv
dvacatvacatvacat

Compare
b: Linear a: JA-KU (MA 3b.2); cf. JA-KU-TI (KN 1a.1-2)
g1: Linear a: JA-QE (poss. HT 37.6); cf. ]-JA-QE (KN Za 17)
g2: Linear a: KI-RO (owed)
a1: Linear a: KI-RO (owed); cf. CHIC #264.g, and BOS ... KI-RO (HT 30.3-4)
a2: Linear a: KI-RO (owed) ; cf CHIC #174.b, #247


#019. KN Ha (HMs 189 [SM I, P70]) Crescent , impressed ([2.9] x 1.7 x 0.8 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a impression (not H: dentine cube: double ax, & trace of a second face) (CMS II 8.124) 
bX •[X •[
g** [   ><025-046 [   ><
dvacatvacat

Comments
g: CHIC: the signgroup is entirely over the erasure, and only one sign at the edge is half-erased; a dot between the last two signs is inexplicable; the readings here are difficult. That this is Linear A is not inconceivable:]A 07 ]DI, or even A 10-53-04 U-RI-TE.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
a (CMS II 8.124)*175A
bX •[X •[X •[
g** ><025-046 ><>TE-A*301 or <A*301-TE
dvacatvacatvacat
Compare
a: Linear A: A as logogram: HT 37.5; HT Wa 1147; HT Wa 1148; HT Wa 1149; KH 11.2; KH Wc 2122
g: Linear A: >TE-*301 (HT 8a.3; HT 98a.3); cf. A-TA-I-*301-WA-JA ("Libation Formula")


#020. KN Ha (HMs 200 [SM I, P56]), Crescent , imressed ([1.7] x 1.2 x 1.2 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
ano seal impression 
b]•*   ><]•-078   ><
gimpression H (CMS II 8.78 [#145]) 
d]   ><]047   ><

Comments
b+d: Both lines of the inscription can be restored from #058, with which this document (and others) forms a set (Knossos Document Set 1A). Face b probably had < 078-032-070 (#058.b2; cf. PE Hh 03), and face d probably had <    047-070 *174 (#058.b1), both inscriptions being read retrograde from CHIC's transcription.
b: CHIC: the inscription was obviously engraved after the impression.
d: CHIC: The inscription was not put on face c, which was already impressed with the 2 impressions (normally placed on the opposing face a. JGY: cf. #007, where the impressions provided the placename and transaction and the inscription provided the commodity; here on #020, the impression provides not only the transaction, but also the commodity, leaving the inscription to provide the placename and a possible corrective to the commodity.
d. for the signgroup, cf. 047-070 (#286.b), and * =?     047-049 BOS (#312.g); and 056-047-031 (#032.a1, #166), and 028-047-049-061 (#186).

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
b<**[< 078-032[-070<DU-RE2[-RO
d<[   < 047[-070 *174<QE[-RO   RE
g (#145)   044-005   *153KO-Rv   GRA
ano seal impression  

Compare
b: Linear A: DU-RA-RE (KN Zc 7)
d: Linear A: KA-RE-RO (HT Wc 3003)
g: Linear A: KI-RO ("owed"); GRA ... KI-RO, cf. HT 15


#021. KN Ha 176 (HMs [SM I, P62]), Crescent, impressed (2.9 x 1.6 x 1 cm)
as on the crescent
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
aimpression (CMS II 8.55) 
bvacatvacat
gX X 038-017-049-034
d*153

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
aimpression (not H: KSPI H4 = double ax) (CMS II 8.55) 
bvacatvacat
g-dX     X 038-017-049-034   *153

Comments
a: The double ax in the impression may belong to the inscription; compare 042-034-049 (#062.a), and 042-034-007-040 (#070).
g: CHIC: 038-017-034-049 ? JGY: Probably not; 049-034 may be a standard suffix; see Notes to Signgroups III, and compare 052-056-049-034 (#031.a).

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
a CMS II 8.55 = *175A
g-d   X 038-017-049-034   *153JA-AU-RO3-TA   GRA
bvacatvacatvacat
Compare
a: Linear: A as logogram: HT 37.5; HT Wa 1147; HT Wa 1148; HT Wa 1149; KH 11.2; KH Wc 2122
g-d: Linear A: AU-RE-TE (KH 6.7)


#022. KN Ha (HMs 181 [SM I, P59]), Crescent, impressed (3.5 x 1.7 x 1.3 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (H) (CMS II 8.68 [#163])  
b] vacatvacat
gX [X 055-070-049[
d]•*]•-031

Comments
a. possibly the same seal (#168), though another sealface, that impressed #026.
g: CHIC: traces of erasure.
d: CHIC: 049 less likely.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
a(#168)042-070-038A-RO-JA
d]•*]•-031]•RE
gX   [X 055-070-049[X KE-RO-RO3[
b] vacat] vacat] vacat

Compare
a: Linear A: A-RI-JA[ (PH 28a.3)
g: Linear A: KA-RE-RO (HT Wc 3003). Hiero: 056-070-070 KU-RO-RO (#061.e), 056-070-040 KU-RO-RO2 (CHIC #298.a), and KU2- RO3- RO3 (CHIC #011.g; #059.aA1)


#023. KN Ha (HMs 182 [SM I, P60]), Crescent, impressed (3.2 x 1.6 x 0.8 cm)
as on the crescent
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions of the same sealface (CMS II 8.86 [#141]) 
bvacatvacat
gX *X 042-045-029
d*159bis

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (H) (CMS II 8.86 [#141]) 
bvacatvacat
g-dX    X 042-045-029   *159bis

Comments
g-d: If all the signs are run together, there is an excellent Linear A parallel.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g-dX X 042-045-029-023A-ZE-MA-TU
a (#141) {quadruped}063-031   {quadruped}PA-RE
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
g-d: Linear A: JA-SU-MA-TU (SY Za 2.a)
a (#141): Linear A: PA-RA (HT 128a.1), PA-RA (PH 3a.3 dealing with MA-RU [= Hiero & Linear B LANA in double minas; might this relate to the quadruped on the sealstone?]); cf. PA-RA-NE (HT 115a.4)


#024. KN Ha (HMs 191 [SM I, P50]), Crescent, impressed (3.6 x 1.7 x 1.1 cm)
as on crescent
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions of the same sealface (CMS II 8.75 [#142]) 
bvacatvacat
gX X 011-056
d*153

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (H) (CMS II 8.75 [#142]) 
bvacatvacat
g-dX    X 011-056   *153

Comments
a. The signgroup can be read in six different ways, two of which (simple orthograde and simple retrograde readings) have the same Linear A parallel.
g: Notes to Signgroups XI, suggests, on the analogy of HT 30, that 011-056 is an abbreviation for    <> 011 056<070>. The similiarity here with #015.g suggests that the impression in a1 may be similar to 049-070-070 RO3-RO-RO #015.a1; cf. the impression here with the more conventional impressions on the similar crescents #015 and #026.
g-d: see #013; cf.     011-092 *153 (#026).

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g-dX    011-056   *153SI-KU   GRA
a (#142)018-039-005>< RA4-PA3-Rv
bvacatvacatvacat

g-d. or: X    <>    GRA = 011   056<070>, SI KU<-RO>   GRA

Compare
g-d: Linear A: SI-KA (HT Wa 1014-1018; HT Wa 1027a+g; HT Wa 1028a+g); cf. SI ... KU-RO (HT 130), SI ... GRA ... KI-RO (HT 34), KU-RO ... GRA (HT 116)
a: Linear A: A-RE-PI-RE-NA (ZA Zb 3.2)


#025. KN Ha (HMs 194 [SM I, P58.]), Crescent, impressed ([1.9] x 1.7 x 0.9 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
aimpression (H) (CMS II 8.81 [#143]) 
bvacatvacat
g]•   ><]•-038-011   ><
d]    ><]038   ><

Comments
a: the seal impression may resemble that on #026 (#168: [ 042-070[), and, if so, may relate this document to Knossos Document Set 5.
b: CHIC: string mark.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g ><•-038-011 ><•-JA-SI ><
d] ><]038 ><]JA ><
a (#143)• ><042-• ><A-• ><
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
g: Linear A: JA-SI (KN Zb 4), U-NA-RU-KA-NA-JA-SI (PK Za 12.c)


#026. KN Ha 207 (HMs [SM I, P65]), Crescent, impressed (3.7 x 1.9 x 1.3 cm)
as on crescent
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (CMS II 8.72 [#168] & CMS II 8.58) 
bvacatvacat
gX X 011-092
d*153

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (one H) (CMS II 8.72 [#168]) & (one not H) (CMS II 8.58) 
bvacatvacat
g-d    011-092   #153

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
g-dX     X 011-092   *153SI-RU   GRA
a1 (#168)[042-070[A-RO[
a2CMS II 8.58: circles in 4 panels = 100s ? 100s ?
bvacatvacatvacat

g-d. or: X    <>    GRA = 011   <057>092   *153 GRA, <SI> KU-RU   GRA

Compare
g: Linear A: SI-RU (HT 55a.2), SI-RU-TE (IO Za 2; IO Za 15; KO Za 1; SY Za 3; VRY Za 1), SA-RU (HT 86a.2, b.2; HT 94b.3; HT 95a.3, b.1; HT 123a.4-5; TL Za 1); cf. HT 90.2-3: SI-RU-MA-RI-TA2 GRA (HT 90.2-3). KI-RO ("owed"); cf. SI ... GRA ... KI-RO (HT 34)
a1, a2: Linear A: cf. A-RU-RA-[] (HT 11a.1-2), RA2-RO-RE (ZA 10b.5)


#027. KN Ha (HMs 172 [SM I, P64]), Crescent, impressed ([5.3] x 2.5 x 2.1 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (H) (CMS II 8.90 [#123]) & 2 impressions (not H) 
bX X 042-041-011
gX X 092-067-032
dX [X 057-025-034[

Comments
a1. for the signgroup, cf. ] [ ]070-058[ ]RO-PU[ >< (#055.b).
b: cf. >? 042-041-049 (#101.a), and Notes to Sign 041 which suggest that 041 is a medial logogram.
g: CHIC: 092 & 067 over an erasure. JGY: see Notes to Sign 067.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
bX    X 042-011   *163A-SI TELA
gX X 092-067-032RU-?-RE2
dX [X 057-025-034[KI-TE-TA[
a1 (#123)   092-058   catfaceRU-PU MA
a2 (CMS II 8.37)]]018]RA4

Compare
b: Linear A: A-SE (HT 81.1; HT 93a.2-3; HT 132.1; ZA Zb 3.1)
g: Linear A: A-RU-DA-RA (HT 28a.5), etc.
d: Linear A: -KI-TE-TE- (PK Za 11.a-b), A-KU-TU-*361[ (TY 3a.7), -KI-TA-A (TY Zb 4), -KI-TI-PA-KU (KN Zc 6),]RA-KI-TA-NA-SI[ (KH 60.1)
a1 (#123): Hiero: cf. ] [ ]070-058[ ]RO-PU[ >< (#055.b). Linear A: RU-PI[ (PE 2.2), A-RI-PA (PE 2.3). MA as logogram on HT 110b.2+5, HT 146.3; cf. MA+MA (PH 3a.2)


#028. KN Ha (HMs 198 [SM I, P61]), Crescent, impressed ([2.4] x 1.4 x 0.7 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
aimpression (H) (CMS II 8.77 [#144]) 
bX [X 072-[
g   ] *   ><   ] 062-019-061   ><
dX *• [X 041-• [

Comments
b: probably 072-049: see Transaction Terms, App. XXI, which suggests that this signgroup means something like "actual amount paid" or "delivered."
g: CHIC: probably over an erasure; ]038-019-061 less probable. JGY: Compare     X 019-061 catface, SA    MA (#196).

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
bX *[X 072-049[Kv-RO3[
g] ><]062-019-061]NA-SA-
d*• [041-• [WA-• [
a (#144)]]044-005]KO-Rv

Compare
b: Linear A: "actual payment;" cf. KA-RU (HT 75.1; HT 97a.1)
g: Linear A: A*47-KU-NA VIN+SA & I-TI-NI-SA (both: ZA 15a.1, 3)
d: Linear A: e.g., WA-DU-NI-MI (HT 6b.1-2; HT 85b.4-5)
a (#144): Linear A: KI-RO ("owed")


#029. KN Ha (HMs 204), Crescent, impressed (2.4 x 1.4 x 1.4 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
aimpression (very eroded) 
b]*   ><]042   ><
gX **X 060-070-•
d]*   ><]019-055   ><

JGY Comments
a: no impression is even discernible.
b: the haft of the double ax is in the usual position for an initial, away from the direction of reading.
g: compare 042-070-060-044 (#074.a) and ] •[ >< ]049-060-•[ (#099.a).
d: phonetically, the signs may be a Hieroglyphic variant on the common Linear A ending -Sv-Kv:

*333-DI-NA-SU-KA (HT Wc 3010)
*79-DI-SI-KA (IO Za 6)
A-DA-KI-SI-KA (KH 5.1-2)
TE-SU-DE-SE-KE-I (KN Zf 31)
][•]-TU-SE-SU-KI (HT Zb 158)

It is tempting to run faces b & d together and restore something like A-[DA-KI]-SA-KE.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
b*[ ><042[ ><A[
d]** ><]019-055 ><]SA-KE
gX **•X 060-070-•X KO2-RO-•

b-d. or: [] 042[-064-057-]019-055, A-[DA-KI-]SA-KE

Compare
d: Linear A: KA-SA-RU (HT 10b.3), KO-SA-I-TI (HT 117a.7-8); KA-SA[ (KE 1). If KE-SA, cf. SI-KA (HT Wa 1014-1018); cf. the common ending -Sv-Kv
b-d: Linear A: A-DA-KI-SI-KA (KH 5.1-2)
g: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid")


#030. KN He (HM 1271 [SM I, P95]), medallion [-->] (2.9 x 3.2 x 1 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a***   >?068-046-019   >?
bvacatvacat

Comments
a: Notes to Sign 068 suggest that 068 is a terminal; the resulting signgroup, and even any combination of the three syllabograms (in twos or as a three-sign signgroup read in any order), is a hapax legomenon. For the general shape of these signs, however, cf. >< 068-077-015 (#079.a); might it be the same signgroup?

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a***019-046-068SA-A *301-Rv
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
a: Linear A: RU-SA (HT 96a.3). If orthograde ( Rv-A *301-SA), cf. SA-*301-RI (ZA 11b.1)


#031. KN He (HM 1273 [SM I, P96]), medallion [<--] (3.1 x 3.2 x 1.2 cm)
as on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a034-049-056-052
bvacatvacat

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a052-056-049-034
bvacatvacat

Comments
a: for the order of signs 049-034 or 034-049, see Notes to Signgroups III, and compare.

038-017-049-034 (#021.g)
042-034-049 (#062.a)
    or     042 007-034-040 or 042 034-007-040 (#070)
038-034-066 (#204.a)
>< 027-034-070 (#073)
In Linear A the ending Kv-Nv is more common than Rv-Tv.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a   034-049 056-052TA-RO KU-NE

Compare
a: Linear A: TA-RO3 (HT 89.3), U-TA-RO (HT 116a.1), TE-RI (HT 91.5, Ph[?] 31b.3)


#032. KN He (AM 1938.853 [SM I, P94]), medallion [-->] (3.2 x 2.7 x 0.7 cm)
as on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX    X X 056-047-031   X 050-016
bX X 057-047-061

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1X 056-047-031
a2X X 050-016
bX X 057-047-

Comments
a2: compare X X 050-016 (#002.d) and < X <050-016-042 X (#003.d).
b: CHIC: the entire central zone is efaced. JGY: compare X 40 X 063-047-061-031 40 (#052.a2), and X X 057-047-061 (#032.b.a).
a1 & b: the two signgroups are similar; the appearance of 056 and 057 suggests they represent abbreviations for <> 056-<070> and <> 057-<092>. The signgroup in a1 recurs in an impression ( 056-047-031 [#166]), and in the following variants: 063-047-031 (#052.a2), and 047-070-031 (#058.b1), which also recurs undoubtedly in #020.d. In 063-047-031 (#052.a2), just cited, the occurrence of the terminal sign 061 before 031 suggests that the latter is the logogram *174. The signgroup in b recurs in #003.d, and there the order of the signgroups reverses that here in a2 & b.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a2X X 050-016TI-KI/QI
bX 057-047-061KI-QE-
a1X 056-047-031KU-QE-RE

a1. or: X     X 056-047    *174, KU-QE RE

Compare
a2: Linear A: TE-KI (HT 13.3-4, HT 122a.3); cf. QA-TI-KI (KH 7b.3-4), A-I-TI-KI (HT 115b.4, possible)
b: Linear A: KA-QA (PK 1.1), QE-KA (HT 85b.2; HT 111a.2)
a1: Linear A: KE-KI-RU (HT 94b.2), KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 86b.1), QA-QA-RU (HT 93a.4-5); or (with *174 RE) KA-QA (PK 1.1), QE-KA (HT 85b.2; HT 111a.2); RE as logogram is common.


#033. KN He (HM 1283 [SM I, P88]), medallion [<--] ([2.0] x 2.9 x 0.7 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]*• [   ><]050-019-038-• [   ><
b][]042[

Comments
a: for 050-019, compare >< 050-019 (#297.a); - -019-044-050-019-028-056 (#294.b); and for 019-038, compare X X 019-038-059 (#004.g).

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]*•[ ><]050-019-028-•[ ><]TI-SA-JA-•[ ><
b][]042[]A[

Compare
a. Linear A: < A-SE-TU-QIf (PH 2.1); cf. -WA-SA-TO- (KO(?) Zf 2)


#034. KN He (HM 1279 [SM I, P90]), medallion [<--] (2.7 x 3.0 x 0.7 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX [X 054-061-013[
b]   10]072-049   10

Comments
JGY: a: Since 061 function always as a terminal sign (see Notes to Sign 061), 013 should be the logogram *152 BOS. For the resulting X X 054-061, and the probability that this is an abbreviation for 042-054-061 A-DE; see Notes to Signgroups X.
JGY: b: for the signgroup as a transaction term (meaning "actual payment"), see Transaction Terms, App. XXI.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a-bX <>   [   ]   10X <042>-054-061   *152[   ]072-049   10<A>-DE-   BOS[   ]Kv-RO3   10

Compare
a-b: Linear A: A-DE (ZA 10b.4), A-DU (see Notes to Signgroups X). For Kv-RO3,"actual payment," cf. KA-RU (HT 75.1; HT 97a.1).


#035. KN He (HM 1281[SM I, P84]), medallion [<--] ([2.1] x 2.2 x 0.7 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]•    ><]•-042-061   ><
b][ ]*   ><   40]086[ ]042   ><   40

Comments
JGY: a: for the possibility that this signgroup is an abbreviation for 042-054-061 A-DE, see Notes to Signgroups X, and compare ] ]042-061 (#054.a).
JGY: b: since 042 is always an initial sign (see Notes to Sign 042), the signgroup should be read retrograde. Compare the Linear A tablet ARKH 5, whose heading is an elaboration of A-DU (A-DU-NI-TA-NA; -Nv-Tv is a common ending); in line 2 occurs A-DA-RO 40 -- these seem to parallel the statement here.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]•   ]•   042-061]•   A-
b< *[   ][    > 40< 042-[   ]086[   > 40< A-[   ] [   > 40

Compare
a: Linear A: A-DU-NI-TA-NA (ARKH 5.1)
b: Linear A: A-DA-RO GRA 40 (ARKH 5.2)


#036. KN He (HM 1275 [SM I, P97]), medallion [-->] (2.7 x 3.1 x 0.8 cm)
as on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX *X 023-061-019-057
b100100

Comments
a-b: sign 061 functions as a terminal (see Notes to Sign 061); thus, sign 023 should be the logogram *159bis OLIVA; the rest of the line could then be read retrograde <     > X < 057-019-061 > X *159bis OLIVA (see Notes to Signgroups XIII). To JGY, however, this 061 looks small, more like random lines (between 019 and 057 is another stroke); if these are ignored, the resulting signgroup X X 023-019-057 has a good Linear A parallel.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a-b   100023-019-057   100TU-SA-KI   100
a-b: or: < *   > X OLIVA   100

Compare
a-b: Linear A: [•]-TU-SE-SU-KI (HT Zb 158). If KI-SA OLIVA, cf.]KI-SA-NE (KH 6.2); KI-TA-I OLIV (HT 123a.1-2), PI-TA-KA-SE ... OLIV (HT 21)


#037. KN He (HM 1278 [SM I, P89]), medallion [<--] (2.7 x 2.4 x 0.5 cm)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX X 042-054-061
bX    100X 017-039   100

Comments
a: CHIC: trace of an erasure to the right of 061? JGY: 061 functions as a terminal; for the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups X.
b: CHIC: 1 less likely.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
aX 042-054-061A-DE-
bX    100017-039   100AU-PA3   100

Compare
a: Linear A: A-DE (ZA 10b.4), A-DU (see Notes to Signgroups X)
b: Linear A: ]A-PA3-[ (PH 28a.1), A-PA-[ (ARKH 1a.5), ]A-PA[ (KNa.1 32), JA-PA (ZA 4a.2-3), A-PI (KN Za 16), A-WA-PI (KN Zf 31); cf. ]NA-A-PA3 (KN Zb 20)


#038. KN He (HM 1276 [SM I, P93]), medallion
as on medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX X 019-077-029
bX    X    110X 057-013-049   X 057-069-070   110

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX X 019-077-029
b1X X 057-013-049
b2X    110X 057-069-070   110

Comments
a: compare >< 019-057-029 (#190), and Appendix XX.
b: CHIC: 11 less likely (cf. #039).
b1: the signgroup 057-013-049 occurs only here and on #054.a2; this position of 013 (as a medial syllabogram in three-sign signgroups) is common, however, on sealstones; see Notes to Sign 013 for the possibility 013 needs to be separated as the logogram #152 BOS. Thus, here, the signgroup should be rearranged:     057-049 *152 BOS; cf. X X 016-057-013-074-075 (#053.c2).
b2: compare 057-069 (#050.b1). However, since 057-070 occurs twice (042-057-070, #056.b; 057-070-061, #112.a2), it may be Hieroglyphic's exact transliteration of Linear A's KI-RO; it is possible, therefore, that the signgroup should be rearranged similarly to the signgroup on b1:     057-070 069.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a019-077-029SA-RU2-MA
b1    057-049   *152KI-RO3   BOS
b2   110 057-070-069   110KI-RO-RA2   110

b2: or: :     057-070   *069   110, KI-RO RA2   110

Compare
a: Linear A: -SA-RA-ME (as in the many occurrences of J/A-SA-SA-RA-MA), SI-RU-MA-RI-TA2 (HT 90.2-3)
b1: Linear A: KI-RO ("owed"), cf. KI-RO ... BOS (HT 30 )
b2: Linear A: KA-RE-RO (HT Wc 3003), and KI-RO ("owed", common transaction term, with reduplicated final syllable); or, if KI-RO RA2, then KI-RO ("owed", common transaction term); and cf. the common logogram RE (ARKH 4a.2; HT 27a.2, b.2, b.5, b.6; HT 41a.3)


#039. KN He (HM 1270 [SM I, P86]), medallion [-->] (4.1 x 4.0 x 1.3 cm)
as on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX *   X    X X 056-023   X 043-070   X 020-077
bX    X *   120X 042-017   X 057-023-051   120

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1X *X 056-023
a2X X 043-070
a3X X 020-077
b1X X 042-017
b2X *   120057-023-051   120

Comments
a: CHIC: traces of an erasure?
a1, b2: JGY: See Notes to Signgroups XIII; these signgroups could be abbreviations for <>    056-<070> *159bis, and <>    057-092 *159bis; cf.     044-049 *159bis (#089.a).
a2: JGY: the signgroup recurs only on #042.a2, where it is also an unmodified second heading, perhaps a personal or place name.
b2: CHIC: 021 less likely (cf. #038). JGY: see Notes to Signgroups XIII, which suggests separating sign 051; it is probably a logogram (see Notes to Sign 051).

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a1X <>   *X 056-<070> *159bisKU-<RO>   OLIV
a2X X 043-070SO-RO
a3X X 020-077X AI-RU2
b1X X 042-017X A-AU
b2X <>      *   120X 057-<029>   *159bis   *051   120KI-<RU> OLIV *051 (double mina) 120

a1: or:X X 056-023, X KU-TU
b2: or:X * 120, KI-TU 051 (double mina) 120

Compare
a1: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid"); or (if KU-TU): KU-TU-KO-RE (ZA 8.2), A-KU-TU-*361[ (TY 3a.7)
a2: Linear A: SA-RO-QE[ (HT 62.3); SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups II)
a3: Linear A: A-RU (HT 9a.5-6)
b1: Linear A: A-JA (SY Za 2d)
b2: Linear A: KI-RO ("owed"); or (if KI-TU): KI-TA-I 9 (HT 123a.1-2), JA-KU-TI E (double mina) 240 (KN 1a.1-2)

Parallel Document in Linear A
a1, b2: the signgroups 056-023 KU-TU and 120 057-023 *051 120, KI-TU 120 may be related to Linear A JA-KU-TI E 240 (KN 1a.1-2), to which compare A-KU-TU-*361[ (TY 3a.7).
The number 120 appears in Hieroglyphic only in this document, but it is recurrent (as a total) in Linear A:

4 contributions of 30 each (HT 146.2-4)
3 contributions of 30 each + 40 + 50 to total 180 (i.e., 120 plus 60; HT 11b.2-5); cf. MA 4a.1.

Compare this short list with the two longer lists on HT 9 (summarized below).

HT 9 (GORILA I: 18-19)CHIC #039
list 1   
a.1: SA-*315   TE   VINa    
a2: SO-ROa2: SO-RO
a.2-3: *306-TU                   10a1: KU-TU
a.5-6: A-RU                         4 E a3: AI-RU2
      
list 2   
b.2-3: A-SI or A-RU           3a3. AI-RU2
b.3: *306-TU                       8b1. KI-TU      120


#040. KN He (HM 1274 [SM I, P80]), medallion [-->] (3.6 x 3.2 x 0.7 cm)
as on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX    X X 019-070-061   X 072-039
bX    2   X    4X 044-049   2   X 068-031   4

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1X X 019-070-061
a2X X 072-039
b1X    2X 044-049   2
b2X    4X 068-031   4

Comments
a: JGY: the tall 061 acts as a line to separate the two signgroups.
a2: JGY: for the signgroup, see Transaction Terms (end).
b: JGY: a straight line separates the two signgroups.
b2: CHIC: the disposition of the signs is explained by the presence of an imperfection in the lower part of the field. JGY: Notes to Sign 068 suggests that it is a terminal; the initial X actually lies between the two signs.

Transaction Document
#040 assumes the "Balance-Ledger" format (see "Transaction Documents"): we are missing the assessment (6). To balance the transaction term 044-049 ("contribution paid"), 068-031 should imply KI-RU "owed"; thus, 6 units were assessed, 2 were paid, and 4 were owed.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a2-1X     |   X X 072-039    |   X 019-070X Kv-PA3   |   X SA-RO
bX    2   |   X    4X 044-049   2   |   X 068-031   4X KO-RO3   2   |   X Rv-RE   4

Compare
a2: Linear A: the heading KA-PA (HT 6a.1, HT 8b.4, HT 140.5); cf. KA-PA ... SA-RA2 ... KU-RO ... KI-RO (HT 94a), KA-PA ... SA-RA2 ... KU-RO (HT 105), KA-PA ... SA-RA2 (HT 102)
a1: Linear A: SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups II)
b1: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total," "paid")
b2: Linear A: RE-RO (HT Wc 3012); cf. RA-RI-DE-ME-TE (HT 94b.5 restored)

Parallel Document in Linear A
Signgroup 072-039 Kv-PA3 appears as a heading in four Linear A documents (HT 6a.1, HT 94a [summarized below], HT 102, and HT 105); in addition, KA-PA occurs with SA-RA2 on HT 102, and with both SA-RA2 and KU-RO on HT 105, and with all three (SA-RA2, KU-RO, and KI-RO) on HT 94.
Linear A tablet HT 94 compiles several lists, headed by KA-PA, and including totals for VIR contributions, and for contributions of CYP & NI for/from SA-RA2 (and apparently two other communities), then a list of contributions (of VIR?) owed from five communities (including SA-RA2), and then a final listing of two names (places?) that owe contributions of *86, apparently a type of VIR (*86 plus TI+A seem to function similarly to VIR+*313b plus TA [a type of overseer, as in Linear B?]).

HT 94 (GORILA I: 150-153, summarized)  CHIC #040
side: statementlogogramnumberstatement
a.1: KA-PAVIR62a2: Kv-PA3
a.1:*8620 
a.2:TI+A7 
a.2:VIR+*313b18 
a.2:TA4 
a.3: KU-RO 110 
a.3: SA-RA2CYP5a1: SA-RO
b.1: KI-RO   
b.1: TU-MA 1 
b.1: PA-TA-NE 1 
b.2: DE-DI 1 
b.2: KE-KI-RU 1 
b.3: SA-RU 1 
b.4: KU-RO 5b1: KO-RO3 2
b.5: RA-RI-DE-ME-TE (restored) 1b2: Rv-RE 4


#041. KN He (HM 1285 [SM I, P92]), medallion [--> ] (3.7 x [3.2] x 0.6 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX -•    12X 069-047-041-•   12
bX •-   32X 085-011-•-001   32

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a X -•   12 X 069-047-041-•   12 X RA2-QE-WA-•   12
bX -•      32 X 085-011-•   001   32 X WI-SI-•   VIR   32

Compare
a: Linear A: RI-QE-TI- (PO Zg 1), RI-KA-TA (HT 146.4); cf. QE-RA2-JA[ (HT 3.2), QE-RA2-U (HT 1.1-2, HT 95a.4, b.4-5), QA-RA2-WA (HT 86a.3)
b: Linear A: WI-SA-SA-NE (KH 5.2), SI-VIR (HT 72.1); cf. WI-TE-RO I-TI VIR 28 (HT 25b.2)


#042. KN He (HM AM/ 1910.208/<1284> [SM I, P83]), medallion [-- > _] (3.7 x 3.5 x 0.7 cm)
As on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX    X    100X 037-011-029   X 043-070   100
bX    634   |   243X 044-049   634   |   243

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1X X 037-011-029
a2X    100X X 043-070   100
b1X    634X 044-049   634
b2243243

Comments
JGY: Knossos Document Set 4.
JGY: a.1: The signgroup recurs (in variation) on Knossos documents #057, #061, and on MA #072.a (see Notes to Signs 011 and 029).
JGY: a.2: The signgroup recurs only on #039.a2, where it is also an unmodified second heading, perhaps a personal or place name. CHIC: 100 is rather weakly incised but hardly accidental; JGY: since 037-011-029 (#042.a1) appears on #061.b1 followed by 1, perhaps this mark is also 1. There is no number following the only other appearance of this signgroup (#039.a2), suggesting perhaps that the unit is to be presumed.
JGY: b: a line separates 634 from 243.
JGY: b2. CHIC: traces resembling an erasure of 3, presumbably accidental.

Transaction Document

#042 follows the "Balance Ledger" format (see "Transaction Documents"), with all numbers adding up to a target number; restoring the "erased" 3, the numbers here (3, 634, 243) plus that on medallion #039 (120, part of the same set, Set 4) identify the target number as 1000. The meaning of the numbers is a little unclear, but 634 is certainly "paid", and 243 is probably owed.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/transnumerationnormalization
a1X X 037-011-029X Rv-SI-MA
a2X    3X 043-070   3X SO-RO   3
bX    634   |    243X 044-049   634   |    243X KO-RO3   634   |    243

Compare
a1: Linear A: RI-SU-MA-NU-WI (HT 115a.1-2, 6), ]RI-SU-MA (HT 81.2)
a2: Linear A: SA-RO-QE[ (HT 62.3); SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups II)
b1: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#043. KN He HM 1269 [SM I, P85]), medallion [-->] (4.3 x 4.4 x 1.3 cm)
As on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
r1 >?007-010-006-023 >?
r2   |   025-010   |   024-050   
v1070-047-047
v2   32GRA   32

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1. >? 007-010-006-023 >?
a2. | 025-010 |
a3.024-050
b1-2. 32070-047-047 *153 32

a: all three signgroups are hapax legomena.
a3: this is the only occurrence of 024 as part of a signgroup.
b1: the signgroup is a hapax legomenon, but 047-070 occurs: 047-070-031 (#058.b1); 019-047-070-092- (#294.b); and >< 047-070 (#286). If read retrograde, 047-047-070, the signgroup might be a version of KU-RO.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a1. >?007-010-006-023 >? >MI-RI-NWA-TU
or: < TU-NWA-RI-MI
a2-3. | 025-010 | 024-050 TE-RI | NI-TI
b1-2. 32070-047-047 *153 GRA 32< QE-QE-RO
or: > RO-QE-QE

Compare
a1. A-MA-RA-NE[ (SK Zb 1), TI-MA-RU-WI-TE (PYR 1.1-2); cf. MA-RU (HT 117a.3) and NA-TI (HT 97a.4); or < TA-NA-RA-TE (IO Za 2),TE-NU-RE[ (KH 6.1), WA-PI-TI-NA-RA2 (PH Zb 5)
a2. TE-RI (H 91.5, PH 31b.3)
a3. KA-NA-NI-TI (KH Wc 2005), NI-TI-NU (KN Zc 6)
b1-2. < KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 85b.1), QA-QA-RU (HT 93a.4-5; HT 111a.3?; HT 118.2-3; HT 122b.3-4), KU-RO ("balance," "total"); or: > RO-KE (HT 98a.4), A-RA-KO-KU (KO(?) Zf 2)


#044. KN He (HM 1282 [SM I, P82]), medallion [-->] (2.5 x 2.8 x 0.5 cm)
As on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a] >< ]038-010-068 ><
b   200   •[*153 GRA   200   •

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a-b1.] >< 200]038-010-068 >< *153 200
b2.•[•[

a: See Notes to Sign 068, App. XXIX. The signgroup 038-010-031 appears often on sealstones, as does its abbreviation 038-010, usually with the addition of some other sign; since the last sign 068, slightly resembles 031, it is possible that the signgroup here is a variation on the sealstone signgroup. For reading this signgroup retrograde, there is one possible parallel, * >< 068-010-011-020 (#272.g).
b: CHIC: fraction on the edge of the lacuna?

JGY normalizes
lineinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a-b1.]      200 ]038-010-068 *153 200 ]JA-RI-Rv *153 GRA 200

Compare
a-b1. cf. Hieroglyphic JA-RI-RE on sealstones, a toponymn related to SA-RA2; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
cf. Linear A: A-RI (PH 6.1, 3), A-RI-[ (HT 141.2), A-RI-JA[ (PH 28a.3), A-RI-NI-TA (HT 25a.3), A-RI-PA (PE 2.3), A-RI-SU (HT 118.3-4)


#045. KN He (HM 1280 [SM I, P91]), medallion [-->] (2.2 x 2.2 x 0.6 cm)
As on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX X 011-077-034
b   1*174   1

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a-b.X 1 X 011-077-034 *174 1

Knossos Document Set 3.
b: CHIC: syllabogram 031 is less likely: b. does not follow a. directly.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a-b.X 1 X 011-077-034 *174 1SI2-RU2-SI *174 RE 1

Compare
a-b. Linear A: SI-RU-TE, part of the "Libation Formula"
RE, logogram (ARKH 4a.2; HT 27a.2, b.2, b.5, b.6; HT 41a.3)


#046. KN He (HM 1272 [SM I, P81]), medallion [-->] (3.5 x 3.6 x 1.1 cm)
As on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a* >< 049-019-023 ><
b   100*166   100

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a-b.* >< 100049-019-023 >< *166 100

Knossos Document Set 3.
a-b. this is the only occurrence of logogram #166.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a-b.* >< 100 049-019-023 *166 100RO3-SA-TU *166 100

Compare
a-b. Linear A: RA-NA-TU-SU (PK 1.6)


#047. KN He (HM 1277 [SM I, P87]), medallion [-->] (2.9 x 3.0 x 0.8 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX X 053-053-077
bX       441X 089-044   *156   441

Knossos Document Set 3.
a & b. CHIC: engraved with the suspension hole at the bottom, except *156 441 which were engraved with the hole at the right.
a: the signgroup may be related to • • 025-025-•- • or * 025-025-070 (#294.g2 [see notes], and see Notes to Signgroups, App. IX).
b: sign 089 recurs only on #065.b4; CHIC identifies the sign as one of only two adjuncts, the other being the common 042, both modifying commodities in #065; on the present medallion 044 seems clearly drawn and may be the sign intended to be modified in #065 (see notes there). The signgroup 089-044 seems to function like a transaction term for, or modifier of, *156 VINUM 441, as if 044 were an abbreviation for 044-049.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a.X X 053-053-077 JA-JA-RU2
b.X <> 441 X 089-044-<049> *156 VIN 441X KO<-RO3> VIN 441

Compare
a. Linear A: JA-JA-[ (PK Za 18)
b. KU-RO ("balance," "total"), KU-RO ... VINa 78 (ZA 15b.2); or, for just -KO VIN, compare Linear A I-KU-PI[  ]VINc (KH 18.2), VINa+KA (ZA 6b.2), *47-KU-NA ... VINa+SA (ZA 15a.1)


#048. KN Hg 01 (HM 1303 [SM I, P119]), bar with 3 faces [-->] (2.5 x [4.5] x 2.1 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a   2      2*164   2   *165   2
b   2[*165   2[
c   2   •[ *164   2   •[

CHIC normalizes

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1. 2*164 2
a2. 2[*165 2[
b. 2[*165 2[
c1. 2*164 2
c2.•[•[

CHIC: Linear A ? (cf. Malia: MA 2 for the support, MA 4 for the logograms).
The logograms are hapax legomena here in Hieroglyphic; they seem related to Linear AB *180. AB *180 appears on Linear A documents MA 4, MA 6, MA Wc 7, PH 10, PH 12, PH 13, PH 15 -- MA 4-7 all came from the Hieroglyphic Deposit. The logograms in these Linear A documents are accompanied by a range of numbers: in the 100s (MA 4 & MA 6), units or tens (MA Wc 7, PH 12), and fractions (PH 10 & PH 13).


#049. KN Hh (HM 1286 [SM I, P100]), bar with 4 faces [_; pierced from a -> c] (2.0 x 9.3 x 2.0 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX *   [   ]   |   X *   200[   ]   |   X    40X 046-063   [   ]   |   X 028-•-049   200[   ]   |   X 044-049   40
bX    20    |   X    300   |   X •    550X 057-023   20   |    X 044-049   300   |   X 027-•   550
cX    6400   |   X    1300[X 034-056   6400   |   X 019-040-061   1300[
dX    550[   ]   |   X    [   ]   160X 028-040-004   550[   ]      X 088-003   [   ]   160

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a1X *X 046-063
a2X *   200[   |X 028-•-049   200[   |
a3X    40   |X 044-049   40   |
b1X    20   |X 057-023   20   |
b2X    300   |X 044-049   300   |
b3X •    550X 027-•   550
c1X    6400   |X 034-056   6400   |
c2X    1300[X 019-040-061   1300[
d1X    550[   ]   |X 028-040-004   550[   ]   |
d2X    [   ]   160X 088-003   [   ]   160

Comments

a: CHIC: signs 046 & 028 are over an erasure.
a2: cf. 028-049-049 (#059.aA1), and X 028-061-049-047 read in any direction (#186).
b: CHIC: sign 023 is over an erasure.
b1: see Notes to Signgroups XIII.
b2: this is the only appearance of a two-sign signgroup beginning with 027.
c1: signgroup 034-056 may be a transaction signgroup; see Notes to Signgroups XIV.
c2. of the number 1300, 200 seems to appear in an erasure.
d2. the number is oddly written as if 130 plus 30 in an erasure plus an additional 100; it could therefore be 130, 160, 230, or 260.

Transaction Document

Side c presents two large numbers, a "grand number" 6400, which seems unrelated to the rest of the document, and an assessment, probably 1100 (with 200 erased).
The rest of the bar presents two lists of assessments (each 550), with contributions or deficits and the balance, KO-RO3.
In the graphic summary below, a larger number is chosen for d2 (160 is written next to a break; it is a minimum number ) and a number is supplied for a1 to make the account balance. The summary also makes it clear that the bar was meant to be read in the following order: d (d1, d2), b (b1, b2, b3), a (a1, a2, a3), c (c1, c2).

Parallel with #056

#049 specifies a grand assessment of 6400 (4 x 1600, implied in #056), and a smaller amount 1100 (1300, of which 200 is erased) which is divided into two stated halves (550 550) and further subdivided into a larger and smaller number, both of which are specified.
Similarly, #056 implies a grand assessment of 1600, divided in two stated halves (800 800), each of which is further subdivided into a small number (roughly 10%, 85 83) and a large number (roughly 50%, 540 483), each of which in turn is subdivided into a small number (44 40).

Graphic summary of #049

List 1List 2Targets
grand number c1: 6400
targetd1:     550[550c2: 1100200
contributions/deficitsd2: + 230a1: * [310]
deficits/contributionsb1: 20a2: * 200
balanceb2: 300a3: 40
List 1List 2Targets
grand number c1: 034-056 6400
targetd1: 028-040   *004 550[027-• 550c2: 019-040-061 1100200
contributions/deficitsd2: 088+*003 230a1: 046-063 [310]
deficits/contributionsb1: 057-023 20a2: 028-•-049 200
balanceb2: 044-049 300a3: 044-049 40

From the summary, it should be apparent that List 1 concerns MUL and the subset VIR3.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
d1X    550X 028-040   *004550KU2-RO2 MUL 550
d2X +230X 088+003 [   ]230+VIR3 230
b1X 20X 057-02320KI-TU 20
b2X 300X 044-049300KO-RO3 300
b3X 550X 027-•550RA3-• 550
a1X *[310]X 046-063[310]A*301-PA [310]
a2X 200[X 028-•-049200[KU2-•-RO3 200[
a3X 40X 044-04940KO-RO3 40
c1X 6400X 034-0566400TA-KU 6400
c1X 1100200X 019-040-0611100200SA-RO2- 1100200

Compare
d1: Linear A: KU-RO ("total")
d2: Linear A: VIR-I (HT 11a.4, HT 93a.5), VIR+KA (common), SI-VIR-[ (HT 72.1), VIR+*307 (KH 19.1), VIR+*313a/b/c (common), VIR+ZA (PE Zb.3)
b1: Linear A: KA-TI (HT 63.1), KU-TA[ (HT 115b.4), KI-TA-I (HT 123a.1-2)
b2: Linear A: KU-RO ("total")
a1: Linear A: JA-PA (ZA 4a.3-4), KA-PA (HT 6a.1; HT 9b.4; HT 94a.1; HT 102.1; HT 105.1; HT 104.5), KU-PA (HT 110a.2), TA-PA (HT 104.1)
a2: Linear A: KU-RO ("total")
c1: Linear A: SI-KA (HT Wa 1014-18, 1027a+g, 1028a+g)
c2: Linear A: SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups II)


#050 + #051. -- these two bar halves probably go together.

#050. KN Hh (HM 1291 [SM I, P109]), bar with 4 faces [_; pierced from a -> c] (1.7 x [7.6] x 1.7 cm)
as on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX    250[X 042-054-061   250[
b   407   |   [057-069   407   |   092[
c   420[044-049   420[
d   1240[049-021-061   1240[

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX    250[X 042-054-061   250[
b1   407   | 057-069   407   |
b2[092[
c   420[044-049   420[
d   1240[049-021-061   1240[

Comments
a: CHIC: a vertical separation line is effaced below the first 100. JGY: for the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups X. Since a separation bar was originally written, the signgroup may be a header. The number could be higher than 250, either in tens or in units - this break is the only one that allows for more units.
c: the number is probably 420, but could be 430.
d: the signgroup may be a variant of 031-021-061 (#059, #149, #197; cf. #063 & #092). The number could be 1240 or 1250.

#051. KN Hh (HM 1298 [SM I, P106]), bar with 4 faces [-->] (1.8 x [2.5] x 1.8 cm)
as on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]•   450]•-051   450
b]•    20[]•   20[
c       ]6       ]6
dvacatvacat

Comments
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily selected.
a: -• -•-051 is a hapax legemenon, perhaps part of something like 051-051-051-041 (#089); see Notes to Sign 051.
b: for • signs 002 or 022 are not impossible; the number could be as high as 40 or possibly 50.
c: the number could be any number of 100s plus units from 6 to possibly 12.

Comments to #050+#051
Knossos Set 7.
CHIC suggests putting #050 and #051 together (#050a [-->] #051b, b [-->] c, c [-->] d, d [-->] a). See Transaction Documents.
Since #050c finishes a statement ( 044-049 usually ends an accounting set), #051.d VACAT probably finishes the line, as CHIC suggests; the rest of the sides then align as below.

Transaction Document
#050 + #051 follows the "Balance-Ledger" format (see "Transaction Documents," section 2B): we are missing the assessment which should equal the total of all the numbers. The total of the extant numbers is 2793; the assessment was probably therefore 3000. The difference (207) can be restored in several ways - the numbers restored below (in scroll brackets, {257}, {206} are merely convenient.

JGY normalizes

#050#051     #050#051normalization
a: X    250[     ]•   20[ :b     a: X 042-054-061   250[     ]•   20 :bA-DE-   250{257}[   |   ]•    20[
d:    1240[]•   450 :a     d: 049-021-061   1240[]•051   450 :aRO3-PI-   1240[   |   ]•   450
b:    407   |   [           ]6 :c     057-069   407   |    092            [           ]6 :cKI-RA2   407   |   RU[   |   ]6{206}
c:    420[vacat :d     c: 044-049   420vacat :dKO-RO3   420[   |   ] vacat

Compare
#050a+#051b: Linear A: A-DE (ZA 10b.4), A-DU (see Notes to Signgroups X)
#050d+#051a: Linear A: RU-PI[ (PE 2.2), A-RE-PI-RE-NA (ZA Zb 3.2)
#050b+#051c: Linear A: KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 86b.1), ]I-KI-RA (HT 25a.5)
#050c+#051d: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#052. KN Hh (HM 1293 [SM I, P105]), bar with 4 faces (pierced end missing) (1.8 x [5.4] x 1.8 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]* 60 X 40]061 60 X 063-047-061-031 40
b]X 290]X 057-092-061 290
c]50 50 70]50 50 70
d]* 710]029-070 710

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1]* 60]061 60
a2X 40X 063-047-061-031 40
b]X 290]X 057-092-061 290
c1]50]50
c25050
c37070
d]* 710]029-070 710

Comments
Knossos Document Set 1A.
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
a2: sign 061 is a terminal, not a medial; its occurrence before 031 suggests that this last sign is the logogram *174. For the resulting signgroup, 063-047-061 *174, compare X X 057-047-061 (#032.b), and the following variations: 056-047-031 (#032.a1) which also appears in an impression ( 056-047-031 [#166]), and 047-070-031 (#058.b1), which also recurs undoubtedly as [ 047-[070-031 (#020.d).
d: as CHIC transcribes, ]* ]029-070 functions like KU-RO ("total," "balance") and may instead be 028-070 KU2-RO, a fairly common variation on 056-070 KU-RO (see #054.d, and compare 028-070 [#081.a], 028-049-041-003 [#053.aA], and Notes to Sign 028, and Transaction Terms).

Transaction Document.

#052 assumes a target number (in this case, 1000, the total of 290 and 710), and presents a simple list of payments made or owed and their subtotal (extant 270; ideal 290), and finally records the balance (710). The difference between the extant and ideal subtotals of the payments (20) can be restored in the lost beginning of face c.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a1]* 60]061 60]* 60
a2X     40X 063-047-061   *174 40PA-QE-   RE 40
c0[20][20][20]
c1]50]50]50
c2505050
c3707070
b]X 290]X 057-092-061 290KI-RU- 290
d]* 710]028-070 710]KU2-RO 710

d: or: ]* 710, ]029-070 710

Graphic summary of #052
target amountindividual payments owedsubtotalbalance
1000a-c. 60, 40, 20, ]50, 50, 70b. 290]* 710

Compare
a2: Linear A: KA-PA-QE (HT 6a 4-5), cf. JA-PA-QA ("Libation Formula")
b: Linear A: KI-RO ("owed")
d: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total")

Parallel Document in Linear A
HT 88 (slightly abbreviated below) lists contributions of VIR, first apparently as expected numbers and then in a subordinate list of contributions of VIR not made, with a total. The similarly short list of six debits, a possibly similar placename, and the appearance of both transaction terms invite comparison with #052.

 
HT 88     CHIC #052   
1. A-DUVIR+KA 20     
1-2. RE-ZA  6      
2.  NI •        
2. KI-KI-NA  7      
4.   KI-RO •  b.   KI-RU-290
4. KU-PA3-PA3  1 a1.    ]*   60
4. KA-JU  1  [c0.    20]
5. KU-PA3-NU  1 c1.    60
5. PA-JA-RE  1 a2. PA-QE-RE  40
5-6. SA-MA-RO  1 c2.  50
6. DA-TA-RE  1 c3.  70
6.   KU-RO6 .d ]KU2*-RO710


#053. KN Hh (HM 1296 [SM I, P101]), bar with 4 faces (pierced end missing) (1.9 x [4.6] x 1.9 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aA]X ]X 028-049-041-003
aB]•]•-058-031-056
b]X 170 X 160]X *160 170 X *176 160
c]• X * []• X 016-057-013-074-075 [
d] 110[   ] X 170[]*160 110[   ] X *176 170[
eX * 22X 058-002 22

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription transnumeration
aA]X  ]X 028-049-041-003
aB]• ]•-058-031-056
b1]X 170]X *160 170
b2X 160X *176 160
c1       ]•         ]•
c2X * [ X 016-057-013-074-075 [
d1  ] 110[   ] ]*160 110[   ]
d2X 170[*176 170[
eX *       22X 058-002        22

Comments
Knossos Document Set 1A?+1B+3.
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
CHIC: since the document contains what look like logograms it should belong to the category Hh (08): its physical peculiarities, however, place it here.
aA: The complete signgroup recurs as X [ X 028-049-041-003[ (#060.a), and probably as ]X [ ]X 028-049[ (#012), 070-028-041 (#133), and [ 028-041[ (#102). The first two signs in the signgroup recur fairly frequently as a common variation on 056-070 KU-RO (see Notes to Sign 028, and Transaction Terms). Notes to Sign 028 suggest that the signgroup may actually consist of two signgroups: [ 028-049 041-003[.
aB: for ] •, see Inflection Sequence 2.
e: inscriptions on the end of the bar, face e, recur twice: #054e gives the only modified or named contribution towards an assessment, and #061e presents the total of the items listed. The inscription here (#053e) lists personnel VIR2 among whom rations are to be distributed (or to which VIN is to be added) at a ratio of 1:30.

JGY normalizes
LIST 1
sideinscription   transnumeration  normalization
aA]X    ]X 028-049 *163 *151  KU2-RO3 TELA VIR3
aB]•  ]•-058-031-056  ]• PU-RE-KU
b1 ]X 170]X *160 170VAS 170
b2  X 160X *176 160*176 160
LIST 2
c1-2]• X *+ [X 016-057*152074+075 = 50 [KI-KI BOS 20+30 = 50
d1  ]110[   ] ]*160 110[   ]VAS 110[
d2X 170[*176 170[*176 170[
eX *  22X 058-002      22PU-VIR2 22

Compare
aA: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total"); cf. VINa+WA (HT 27b.1, b.5)
aB: Linear A: PU2-RE-JA (PK Za 16, ZA Zb 34)
b1, d1: Linear A: VAS is a fairly common logogram; for the vase shape, cf. Linear B: a-pi-po-re-we
c1-2: Linear A: KI-KI-NA (HT 88.2), KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 85b.1)
e: Linear A: cf. PU-VINa (HT 14.1, HT 123a.3-4)

Graphic summary of #053
commoditiestotal commoditiespersonnelcommodities per VIR2
List 1:                                 VAS 170 *176 160
List 2: BOS + (=50)   VAS 110 *176 170

      = 330 List 1
      = 330 List 2
total: 660
22660 commodities/22 people
= 30 commodities per person


#054. KN Hh (HM 1290 [SM I, P108]), bar with 4 faces (pierced end missing) (2.1 x [3.7] x 2.1 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a] [   ]110 X 170]042-061 [   ]110 X 057-013-049 170
bvacatvacat
c]160 150 50] 160 150 50
d]* 450]029-049 450
eX 60X 070-031-019 60

CHIC normalizes
sideinscription transnumeration
a1] [   ]110]042-061 [   ] 110
a2X 170X 057-013-049170
bvacat vacat
c1 ]160 ]160
c2 150 150
c3 50 50
d]*450]029-049450
eX 60X 070-031-01960

Comments
Knossos Document Set 6.
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
a1: for the possibility that this signgroup is an abbreviation for 042-054-061 A-DE, see Notes to Signgroups X, and compare ]• ]•-042-061 (#035.a).
a2: the signgroup 057-013-049 occurs only here and on #038.b1; this position for 013 (as a medial syllabogram in three-sign signgroups) is common, however, on sealstones; see Notes to Sign 013 for the possibility 013 needs to be separated as the logogram #152 BOS. Thus, here, the signgroup should be rearranged: 057-049 *152 BOS; cf. X * X 016-057-013-074-075 (#053.c2).
c1: the number could be 170.
d: as CHIC transcribes, ]*]029-070 functions like KU-RO ("total," "balance") and may instead be 028-070 KU2-RO, a fairly common variation on 056-070 KU-RO (see #052.d, and compare 028-070 [#081.a], 028-049-041-003 [#053.aA], and Notes to Sign 028, and Transaction Terms).
e: for 070-031-019 (#054), see #056, 070-031-034 (#001, #091.b), and 070-094-034 (#328); compare Linear A RU-SA (HT 96a.3) and Linear B RU-SI (KN AK 634L, X 8214B, and L 588.01); and see Inflection System 1. Inscriptions on the end of the bar, face e, recur twice: #053e lists personnel VIR2 among whom rations are to be distributed (or to which VIN is to be added) at a ratio of 1:30, and #061e presents the total of the items listed. The inscription here (#054e) gives the only modified or named contribution towards an assessment.

Transaction Document
#054 presents two accounts. On faces c & d, unmodified contributions are listed towards a total (]* ]028-049) of 450; the extant numbers total 360 and the missing 90 can be restored at the beginning of face c. Faces a & e list a total debit ( 057-049) of BOS 170, which is distributed in two amounts, 042 110 and 070-031-019 60.

Graphic summary of #054
account 2

contributions

total paid

c. 90], [160, 150, 50

d. ]*  450

c. 90], [160, 150, 50

d. ]028-049  450

account 1

distributions


total owed

a1.] 110

e.  60

a2.  170

a1.]042-061 110

e. 070-031-019 60

a2. 057-049 *152 170

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscription transnumeration normalization 
Account 1      
a1] [   ]110]042-061 [   ] 110A-110
a2X     170X 057-049   *152170X KI-RO3 BOS 170
eX 60X 070-031-01960X RO-RE-SA 60
Account 2      
c1 [90 [90 [90
c1 ]160 ]160]160
c2 150 150150
c3 50 5050
d]*450]028-049450]KU2-RO3450
bvacat vacat

d: or: *]029-049, MA-RO3

Compare
a2: Linear A: KI-RO BOS ("owed"); cf. HT 30
e: Linear A: A-RU-RA-SU/TA & RU-RA2 (HT 11a.1-2 & b.1 respectively)
d: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#055. KN Hh (HM1301 [SM I, P115]), bar with 4 faces (pierced end missing) ([1.8] x [2.1] x [1.8])
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]*[ >< ]033-018-070[ ><
b]*[   ] ><    10]070-058[   ] ><    10
cdeestdeest
ddeestdeest

Comments
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
a: CHIC: ] *•[ ]033-018-070-•[ or ] * 10[ ]033-018-070 10[ ? Remains of a line division at left? JGY: for the signgroup, compare X X 057-023-070-018 (#324), and see Notes to Signgroups XIII and Transaction Terms, App. XXVIII, both of which suggest separating 018. This comparison between the signgroup here and that on #324 also make it likely that CHIC's * 033 here is actually 023; compare how 023 was written on #039.a, b and #046.a. If the two signgroups are basically identical, the switch in the last two signs may reflect differences between the two supports, their provenance, and their context dates.
b: CHIC: Trace above 070. JGY: for the signgroup, cf. the impression #123 on #027.a1, 092-058 RU-PU ><.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]*   [057-]033   018-070[ >< KI-]TU   RA4-RO[
b]*[   ] ><    10]070-058[   ] ><   10]RO-PU[   ]    10
c, ddeestdeest

Compare
a: Linear A: QE-TI-RA-DU (HT 58.1), or (if AB*47-RA4-RO) KA-RE-RO (HT Wc 3003), RE-RO (HT Wc 3012b), RA2-RO-RE (ZA 10b.5)
b: Linear A: if RO-PU, A-RI-PA (PE 2.3), A-RE-PI-RE-NA (ZA Zb 3.2), RU-PI[]-*305-MI (PE 2.2); or, if PU-RO, PU-RA2 (HT 28b.3-4; HT 116a.2), ]PU2-RA2 (ZA 6a.6), ]PU2-RE-JA (ZA Zb 34)


#056. KN Hh (HM AM/ 1910.209 /<1305> [SM I, P116]), bar with 4 faces [pierced from a-> c {although it looks like c-> a in the photograph}] (1.6 x 5.9 x 1.6cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aAX    X    85X 070-031-019   X 044-049   85
aB800   540    44800   540   044    44
b-eX    800   X    83X 042-057-070   800   X 044-049    83
cX X 026-061
dAX     483X 042-057-038   483
dB   46044-049    46

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
cX X 026-061
dA-BX 48346X 042-057-038483044-04946
aA-BX 800X 85X 070-031-019800X 044-04985
aB-<A><>540<>44<070-031-019>540044<-049>44
b-eX 800X 83 X 042-057-070800X 044-04983

Comments
Knossos Set 7.
CHIC normalizes #056: c, dA-B, aA-B, aB, b-e; Brice (1991: 100) normalizes this as c, dA-B, b-e, aB, dA-B; the presentation here modifies Brice.
aB-
: Brice assumes that 042-057-070 and 042-057-038 are inflected forms of the same word, and that therefore 042-057-038 had an omitted inflected form in aB, possibly 070-031-034, which appears on #091.b, a lame from Mallia Palace, and, retrograde, on Knossos #001.g. See Inflection Sequence 2a. For 034-031-019 (#054) see #056, 034-031-070 (#001), and 070-094-034 (#328); and compare Linear A RU-SA (HT 96a.3) and Linear B RU-SI (KN AK 634L, X 8214B, and L 588.01).

IF A-KI-RO and A-KI-JA are inflected forms of the same word, then we might expect the change to reflect the change in the numbers (A-KI-RO 800, A-KI-JA 483), as if "contributions expected from A-KI" and "distributions to A-KI"; the balances would then reflect payments either made or owed. If so, we would therefore expect a similar change for the expected second occurrence of 070-031-019 RO-RE-SA in aB-. There are two candidates: 070-031-034 RO-RE-TA on #001.g and 070-031-056 RO-RE-KU on sealstone #307.c. RO-RE-SA also appears on #054.e.
Alternatively, there is some slight evidence for identifying a transaction term /Kv-JA/: cf. 028-038 *002 KU2-JA VIR2 (#058.d1), 047-053 QE-JA (#065a.2); and parallel alternative forms of KU-RO, using QE, as in QE-RO3 (#312.g) and QE-RO-RE (#058b.1).

c: The text starts here, where the piercing also appears to have started. This is the only occurrence of, not only this signgroup , but of sign 026, except where it appears as a ligature with 002 to form 003. This may mean that is not a word, but a logogram or determinative followed by the common terminal 061. On #049.d 003 VIR3, which incorporates sign 026, constitutes a subset of MUL; the sign 026 may therefore connote female.

Transaction Document

The document presents two lists, each with a target number of 800 - the layout therefore looks similar to that in #049. Perhaps not coincidentally, the total of the two target numbers, 1600, is one-quarter the "grand number" 6400 in #049.
Each list consists of a primary large number, 800, and a balance, 044-049, and a secondary large number with its balance, implying for each an unstated set of payments made or owed. This format, two lists each with its own sublist, is unique, although it could be a version of the "Balance Ledger" format (see "Transaction Documents" and #042) or an elaboration of the format found on crescents (cf. #028).

Parallel with #049

#056 implies a grand assessment of 1600, divided in two stated halves (800 800), each of which is further subdivided into a small number (roughly 10%, 85 83) and a large number (roughly 50%, 540 483), each of which in turn is subdivided into a small number (44 40).
Similarly, #049 specifies a grand assessment of 6400 (4 x 1600, implied in #056), and a smaller amount 1100 (1300, of which 200 is erased) which is divided into two stated halves (550 550) and further subdivided into a larger and smaller number, both of which are specified.
Graphic summary of #056 (with the target set in #049)
List 1List 2
target 1aA-B. 800b-e. 800 TOTAL: #049.c1: 1600
balance 1 85 83
target 2aB-<A>. <-?> 540dA-B. 483
balance 2<> 44 46
total: 129 total: 129
List 1List 2
target 1aA-B. 070-031-019 RO-RE-SA 800b-e. 042-057-070 A-KI-RO 800TOTAL: #049.c1: 1600
balance 1044-049 KO-RO3 85 044-049 KO-RO3 83
target 2aB-<A>. <070-031-?> <RO-RE-?> 540dA-B. 042-057-038 A-KI-JA 483
balance 2044-<049> KO<-RO3> 44 044-049 KO-RO3 46
total: 129 total: 129

The graphic summary makes it clear that the two sets of balances total the same amoung, 129, but why that is so, and what their relation is to the secondary targets, is unclear.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
cX X 026-061X
aA-BX 800X 85X 070-031-019800X 044-04985RO-RE-SA 800 KO-RO3 85
aB-<A><>540<>44<070-031-019>540044<-049>44<RO-RE-SA> 540 KO-<RO3> 44
b-eX 800X 83 X 042-057-070800X 044-04983A-KI-RO 800 KO-RO3 83
dA-BX 48346X 042-057-038483044-04946A-KI-JA 480 KO-RO3 46

Compare
a: Linear A:
a: Linear A: A-RU-RA-SU (HT 11a.1), RA2-RO-RE (ZA 10b.5); KU-RO ("balance," "total")
b-e, d: Linear A: A-KI-RO (ARKH 4b.4); KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#057. KN Hh (HM 1288 [SM I, P107]), bar with 4 faces [pierced from a-> c] (Olivier, 1994/5: cut from one bar, of which CHIC #058 is the other part) (1.8 x 4.6 x 1.7 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a   10042-029-032-011    10
bX    20   |    vacat X 079-032-013    20   |    vacat
cX *   20   |    vacat X 038-054-034    20   |    vacat
dX    50   |    vacat X 011-029-037    50   |    vacat

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a10042-029-032-011 10
b1X 20X 079-032-01320|
b2vacatvacat
c1X *20X 038-054-03420|
c2vacatvacat
d1X 50X 011-029-03750|
d2vacatvacat

Comments
Transaction Document: I, Simple Totals.
Knossos Document Set 1A.
The document could list 4 contributions totaling 100, or the first 3 contributions equaling the amount of the 4th. CHIC: cut at the end; cf. #058.
a: CHIC: 011 over an erasure?; JGY: Notes for Sign 011 suggests separating 042 and reading the rest of the signgroup retrograde.
b1: The signgroup contains the only occurrence of 079; it is possible that 013 is the logogram BOS *152.
c. for the possibility that this signgroup is a variation on A-DE, see Notes to Signgroups X.
d: CHIC: an erasure at the end, after the dividing line.
d1: The signgroup recurs (in variation) on Knossos documents #042 and #061, and on Malia #072.a (see Notes to Signs 011 and 029); cf. #148, two noduli also from Mallia Mu.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a10042-029-032-011 10A-MA-RE-SI 10
bX 20| vacat X 079-032-013 20| vacat-RE-MU2 20
cX *20| vacat X 038-054-034 20| vacatJA-DE-TA 20
dX 50| vacat X 011-029-037 50| vacatSI-MA-RO 50

a: or: <-- , *175 <-- 011-032-029
b: or: 079-032 *152 BOS

Compare
a: Linear A: A-MA-RA-NE[ (SK Zb 1); cf. modern "Amari", "Amarousi", "Amarynthos"; or, if A SI-RE-MA, cf. SI-RU-MA-RI-TA2 (HT 90.2-3), A-SA-SA-RA-ME (common)
b: Linear A: -TE-RI-MU- (KN Zf 13), KU-RA-MU (HT 117a.2-3), JA-RE-MI (HT 87.3), RI-RU-MA (HT 118.5); or, if -RE BOS, cf. SA-RA2 ... BOS (HT 121.2, 4), KI-RO ... BOSm (HT 30.4-5)
c: Linear A: JA-DA-SU[ (KH 74.1); A-DE (ZA 10b.4), A-DU (HT 85a.1), JA-DI (PH Wc 39); see Notes to Signgroups X.
d: Linear A: SA-MA-RO (HT 88.5-6)


#058. KN Hh (HM 1287 [SM I, P103]), bar with 4 faces [pierced from either a or c to the other side] (Olivier, 1994/5: cut from one bar, of which CHIC 57 is the other part) (1.8 x 6.8 x 1.7 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX    1640X 042-054-061   1640
b   80      50047-070-031   80   078-032-034   50
c*   60   X *   20010-070-005   60   X 034-002   20
d   90   **   30028-038-002   90   078-032-070-023-045   30

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX 1640X 042-054-0611640
b180047-070-03180
b250078-032-03450
c1*60010-070-00560
c2X *20X 034-00220
d190028-038-00290
d2**30078-032-070-023-04530

Comments
Knossos Document Set 1A+3?.
CHIC: cut at the end; cf. #057.
b: CHIC: traces of an erasure at the bottom.
b1: The signgroup 047-070-031 (#058.b1) is probably the same as that partially preserved as [ 047-070-031 (#020.d); it has a few variations: 056-047-031 (#032.a1) which also appears in an impression (056-047-031 [#166]), and 063-047-031 (#052.a2). The occurrence of 061 before 031 suggests that this last sign is the logogram *174. See Inflection Sequence 2a.
b2 & d2: the combination 078-032 is unique to this inscription and appears twice, perhaps belonging to a single inflection system (see Inflection Sequence 2).
c1: see Notes to Sign 013, suggesting that 005 be separated: perhaps that is what the initial X that begins the next signgroup, the only initial X on the bar, implies.
c2: the signgroup recurs only in -*- -062-034-002-056-070- (#328).
d1: cf. X X 028-038-032[ (#008.g, a crescent). The two signgroups are probably variations on a single radical - 028-038- ; see Inflection Sequence 4a.
d2: after 078-032 (see above), the rest of the signgroup is hapax legomenon here. The Linear A parallels suggest separating it into two signgroups here; or perhaps TU-ZE is an ending or enclitic (see Notes to Signgroups XIX).

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
aX 1640X 042-054-0611640A-DE 1640
b180047-070-03180QE-RO-RE 80
b250078-032-03450DO-RE-TA 50
c1*60010-070-00560RI-RO-Rv 60
c2X *20X 034-00220TA-VIR2 20
d190028-038-00290KU2-JA-VIR2 90
d2   **30078-032-070   023-04530DO-RE-RO   TU-ZE 30

Compare
a: Linear A: A-DE (ZA 10b.4), A-DU (see Notes to Signgroups X)
b1: Linear A: KA-RE-RO (HT Wc 3003)
b2: Linear A: DU-RE-ZA-SE, ]-DU-RI-TE (HT 4.2), JA-DU-RA-TI (KN 1b.1-2)
c1: Linear A: RA2-RO-RE (ZA 10b.5)
c2: Linear A: SI+VIR[ (HT 72.1); Linear B: TA (supervisor)
d1: Hieroglyphic: KU2-JA-RE[ (#008); Linear A: KO-JA (HT 119.2), KA-JU (HT 88.4)
d2: Linear A: DU-RA-RE (KN Zc 7), DU-RE-ZA-SE, ]-DU-RI-TE (HT 4.2), JA-DU-RA-TI (KN 1b.1-2), DU-*314-RE (KO ZA 1b-c); TU-SU (PK 3.6-7); cf. RA-NA-TU-SU (PK 3.6) & TU-SU-PU2 (HT 49a.7)

Transaction Document

The bar gives the total assessment for Knossos Document Set 1A, and lists contributions totaling 330 (almost 20% [328]) of the assessment); this amount is then summarized and reallocated on bar #053.
If KU2-JA VIR2 (#058.d1) is related to KU2-JA-RE[ (#008.g), and if KU2-JA-RE[ is related to Linear A ]-*306-TI-KA-A-RE[ (HT 4.1), then it may not be coincidental that that tablet (HT 4) also lists ]-DU-RI-TE (HT 4.2), which may be related here to DO-RE-TA (#058.b1)

Parallel Documents in Linear A

Two Haghia Triada A-DU documents (here abbreviated) present lists that contain some words, which find parallels in #058:
HT 85HT 88CHIC #058
a.1A-DU *638 VIR.1A-DU VIR+KA20aA-DE1640
b1QE-RO-RO80
a.2DA-RI-DA12.1-2RE-ZA-NI6b2DO-RE-SI50
a.2DA-RI-DA12.2KI-KI-NA7
a.3U-*325-ZA6.3vacatc1RI-RO-Rv60
a.3-4DA-SI-*11824.4KI-ROc2TA-VIR220
.rKU-PA3-PA31
HT 85.4KA-JU1d1KU2-JA VIR290
a.4KU-*79-NI5.5KU-PA3-NU1
.5PA-JA-RE1
a.5TE-KE3.5-6SA-MA-RO1
a.5DA-RE4.6DA-TA-RE1d2DO-RE-RO TU-ZE30
a.6KU-RO[]66.6KU-RO6


#059. KN Hh (HM AM/ 1910.210/<1304> [SM I, P104]), bar with 4 faces [; pierced from a -> c] (2.2 x [5.6] x 2.2 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aAX    X    40[X 028-049-049   X 044-005   40[
aBX    X 400[X 038-071-066-070   X 400[
bAX *   X    X *•[X 060-013   X 028-029-002   X 013-•[
bB]130   vestigia []130   vestigia    [
cA]2300[       ]300[ ]2300[   ]300[
cB]   X []031-021-061   X 044-049[
dA 11   X 6   X [   ]vvvvv072-049   11   X 044-049   6   X 092-036[   ]ΞΞΞΞΞ[
dBX *[   ]   11   [ X 028-049-007-042[   ]056-070-061   11    [

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aA1X X 028-049-049
aA2X 40[X 044-00540[
aB1X X 038-071-066-070
aB2X 400[X 400[
bA1X *X 060-013
bA2X X 028-029-002
bA3X *•[X 013-•[
bB1]130]130
bB2vestigia    [vestigia    [
cA1]2300[]2300[
cA2]300[]300[
cB1]]031-021-061
cB2X [X 044-049[
dA111072-04911
dA2X 6X 044-0496
dA3X [X 092-036[
dA4]vvvvv[]ΞΞΞΞΞ[
db1X *[X 028-049-007-042[
db2]11   []056-070-06111    [

Comments
Knossos Document Set 3 & 7.
The following 3 signgroups, intact or in part, are hapax legomena here: aB1, 038-071-066-070; bA1, * 060-013 (but see note on bA1, below); and bA2, 028-029-002.
aA: CHIC: trace after 40[, perhaps X[.
aA1: see Notes to Sign 028, and Inflection Sequence 5b1.
aB: sign 066 may function as a divider. It is meant to occur on two sealstones, but on one (X * X 038-034-066 [#204.a]) it may be decorative (cf. CMS V no. 488), and on the other ( >< 042-066-016-062 >< [#305.a]), it serves to isolate sign 042, as it seems to do in its only other appearance on a clay document, 042-066-077-042 (#065.a). Here, sign 066 accompanies sign 071, which recurs only on #065, where it clearly separates 072-049 from 071-050-005-063 (probably recurring on #066.a). I am not sure of the function here of two such apparent separators.
bA: signgroup X * 060-013 appears in retrograde on #115.b; the order here is probably the correct one; both occurrences of 013 are probably as the logogram *152 BOS.
cB1: the signgroup ] ]031-021-061 (#059.cB1) recurs on two seal impressions, both from Mallia Mu: #149 and #197; cf. 049-021-061 (#050.d)
cB2: CHIC: trace after 044-049[.
dA: CHIC: the sixth unit is odd (but there are two small marks).
dA4: the 5 marks ]vvvvv[, which CHIC transcribes as ]Ξ Ξ Ξ Ξ Ξ[ are unique here. If they are tallies, they might represent the number 5; thus, 6 plus 5 total the .
dA3: for the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups II: [; if read retrograde, then SA2-RU[ might be the common toponymn in Linear A, probably near or at Mallia.
dB: CHIC: room for one sign in the lacuna (where there is a large mark at the bottom), trace not incompatible with 022 (cf. 022-056-070-061 on #071), but no room for a separation space or for the initial X.
dB: see Notes to Sign 042, which argue for dividing this long sequence of signs into:

a) either *   [   ] 028-049-007 042[   ] 056-070-061. Of the possible disyllabic signgroups beginning - 042-, the most common is 042-038, but at present it occurs only on sealstones; see Notes to Sign 042. The obliquely oriented slight traces in the lacuna are not unlike 017.
b) or, more likely, *    [   ] 028-049-007 042 [   ]056-070-061. The transaction term 056-070 usually stands alone, but 2 three-sign signgroups ending in 056-070 do occur: 008-056-070 A3-KU-RO (#132); and -- - 002-056-070- VIR2-KU-RO (#328)

dB3: on the comparisons above, it may be possible to restore either of the three parallel signgroups; the signgroups repeats the total 11 given in dA1; Transaction Terms, "total".

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
aAX X 40[X 028-049-049X 044-00540[KU2-RO3-RO3KO-Rv40[
aBX X <>400[X 038-071-066-070X <044-005>X 400[JA--RO<KO-Rv>400[
aB-bAX *X 060*152KOBOS
bA-BX    X *•[]130X 028-029   002*152 •[130KU2MA   VIR2BOS •[130
bB-cAvestigia []2300[vestigia []2300[vestigia []2300[
cA]300[]300[]300[
cB] X [10]]031-021-061X 044-049[10]]RE-PI-KO-RO3[10]
dA111072-04911KA-RO311
dA2X 6X 044-0496KO-RO36
dA3X []vvvvv[X 092-036[]ΞΞΞΞΞ[RU-SA2[= 5
dbX *[]11X 028-049-007*175[]056-070-06111    [KU2-RO3-MIA]KU-RO-11

Compare
aA: Hieroglyphic: KU-RO-RO (#061e), KU-RO-RO2 (#298.a)
aB: Linear A: cf. JA+RU (HT 6a.3)
bA-B: Linear A: KO-MU (ZA Zb 34); cf. KA-PA VIR (HT 94a.1, HT 105.1-2), KU-PA-RI VIR (PE 1.1-2), KA-RU VIR+KA (HT 97a.1), VIR+KA (common), E-KA VIR (PE 1.3-4)
cB: Linear A: A-RE-PI-RE-NA (ZA Zb 3.2), and RU-PI[]-*305-MI (PE 2.2) & A-RI-PA (PE 2.3)
dA3: Linear A: SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups II)
dB: Linear A: KU-RA-MU (HT 117a.2-3), KU-RU-MA (HT 115b.3). For A as logogram: HT 37.5; HT Wa 1147; HT Wa 1148; HT Wa 1149; KH 11.2; KH Wc 2122

Transaction Document, II: Payments Made & Payments Due

The document is in two parts: the first part (faces a-c) quotes an assessment of ]2300[ and gives two amounts, 440 and 430 and their difference [10]; the second part (face d) seems to be confronted with an actual balance of 11, which it then recounts as a set of 6 plus 5 tallied items, which it then totals again as 11.
Four transactions terms (see Transaction Terms) appear on this bar: aA2, 044-005 KO-Rv, akin to KI-RO ("owed"); cB2 & dA2, [ 044-049[ KO-RO3[, "balance" or "total"; dA1, 072-049, KA-RO3 "actual payment;" and dB2, ]]056-070-061 ]KU-RO-, "total".
Against an assessment of ]2300<[, a contribution of 440 ( 40 400 "total owed") was expected, of which 430 (130 300) seems actually to have been made, leaving a balance (cB2. ) of [10].
Starting with cB1, a problem seems to be set out, for 11 is recorded as actually paid (), further subdivided in another balance (dA2. ) of 6 and 5 tick-marks or tallies, as if commodities are actually be counted by the scribe - the actual amount on hand () is then recorded again, 11.

This "problem" is made more interesting by possible connections to Mallia:
1) a fragmentary lame #108 from the Hieroglyphic deposit in Mallia Palace also presents 6 and the unique appearance of sign *169 followed by 5
2) the 10 that is queried also appears on MA #112c.2-3 where it is introduced by logogram *170, which may be similar to 074-075 discussed at #053.c2: a circle enscribing a collected number (in other words, a group number).
Is it possible, then, that the three documents Knossos #059.d and Mallia #108 and #112 concern the same transaction, but from two viewpoints, that of the contributor (Mallia, sending out 10) and that of the receiver (Knossos, receiving 11)? This suggestion receives some support from the two signgroups recorded in the "problem" (points 3 & 4).

3) cB1. ]]031-021-061, the heading to the problem, appears on sealstones from Mallia Mu, and may be related to Linear A words found only on documents at Petras and Zakros; the signgroup, then, may related to Mallia and/or areas to the east.
4) dA3. <- [ 092-036[, the signgroup that accompanies the tallied commodities is one that seems to relate to the Mallia area; see Notes to Signgroups II.
Graphic summary of #059
targetpayment made/due payment due/madebalance surplus/duethe "problem"
2300total:               440total:    430cB: [10dA: 11actual receipt?
aA:         40bA-B: ]130           6balance present?
aB: < > 400[cA:     ]300[ ]vvvvv[ =   5tallied amounts?
]   11total


#060. KN Hh (HM 1295 [SM I, P102]), bar with 4 faces [pierced from a -> c] (1.6 x [4.2] x 1.6 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX [X 028-049-041-003[
bvacatvacat
cX *• [X 009-054-061-•[
dvacatvacat

Comments
Knossos Document Set 1A?+3?.
a: The complete signgroup recurs as X X 028-049-041-003 (#053.aA), and probably as ]X [ ]X 028-049[ (#012), 070-028-041 (#133), and 028-041[ (#102). The first two signs in the signgroup recur fairly frequently as a common variation on 056-070 KU-RO (see Notes to Sign 028, and Transaction Terms). Notes to Sign 028 suggest that the signgroup may actually consist of two signgroups:    [ 028-049 041-003[.
c: CHIC: 009 over an erasure.
c: Signgroup * 009-054-061 is probably a variation on 042-054-061 A-DE (see Notes to Signgroups X), since 009 is a spelling variant for 042; see Notes to Signs 018 and 012, App. XII. Sign 061 spans the entire height of the row and thus to end the signgroup. Again, then, there are two signgroups here: * •[ 009-054-061 •[; document #053 gives aA:    [ 028-049 041-003[ and then aB: ]• ]•-058-031-056, perhaps also the second signgroup here.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
cX *   • [X 009-054-061   •[A-DE-   •[
aX    [X 028-049   *041/*163   *151[KU2-RO3   TELA   VIR3
b, dvacantvacantvacant

Compare
c: Linear A: A-DE (ZA 10b.4), A-DU (see Notes to Signgroups X)
q: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total"); cf. VINa+WA (HT 27b.1, b.5)


#061. KN Hh (HM 1297 [SM I, P110]), bar with 4 faces (pierced end missing) (1.8 x [3.5] x 1.8 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]   1   |       1]023-032   1   |    042-056-031   1
b]•   1   |   X    1]•-034-056   1   |    X 037-011-029   1
c]•   [   ]   |   *   1]•     [   ]    |    070-019-009   1
d]*   1   |         1]092-049    1   |    034-056 019-049   1
e   12056-070-070   12

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1]   1   |    ]023-032   1   |    
a2   1042-056-031   1
b1]•   1   |   ]•-034-056   1   |
b2X    1X 037-011-029   1
c1]•   [   ]   |    ]•     [   ]    |
c2*   1]•     [   ]    |    070-019-009   1
d1]*   1   | ]092-049    1   |
d2      1034-056   019-049   1
e   12056-070-070   12

Comments
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily selected.
Transaction Documents, I: Simple Totals.
Of the 7 preserved signgroups here, 3 are hapax legomena: a1, ] ]023-032; a2, 042-056-031 (but see below); and d1, ] * ]092-049.
The other 4 signgroups have parallels, and probably represent common words (places or persons, or classes of persons) in the Knossos archive.

b1: for ]• ]•-034-056, see Notes to Signgroups XVIII, suggesting the following restoration:     092-057    034-056, RU-KI TA-KU or 057-034-056, KI-TA-KU, which appears only on seals. Notes to Signgroups XIV, suggests that TA-KU may be a transaction term (and in d2).
b2: the signgroup recurs (in variation) on Knossos documents #042, #057, and on MA #072.a (see Notes to Sign 029); cf. #148, two noduli also from Mallia Mu.
d2: for 034-056-019-049, see Notes to Signgroups XVIII, suggesting two signgroups:     034-056   019-049 TA-KU   SA-RO2; for SA-RO2, see Notes to Signgroups II, probably a toponymn, probably near or at Mallia.

a2: for the signgroup 042-056-031, compare 042-056-035 (#119.l.i), and see Inflection Sequence 6. Alternatively, the signgroup could be a metathesis for 042-031-056; compare ]• ]-058-031-056 (#053.aB) and 070-031-056 (#307.c, authenticity doubted).
c2. for the signgroup * 070-019-009, compare 042-019-070-009 (#222), which, since 042 and 009 are both initials, should be read     042-019 009-070; and compare X 042-019-031 (#301.d), >< 042-070-038 (#163), and [ >< 042-070[ (#168). Also see Notes to Signgroups II, which, along with the fact that 009 is an initial, suggests that the signgroup here is to be read retrograde: * 009-019-070.
d. CHICH: Trace in the break.
e: inscriptions on the end of the bar, face e, recur twice: #053e lists personnel VIR2 among whom rations are to be distributed (or to which VIN is to be added) at a ratio of 1:30, and #054e gives the only modified or named contribution towards an assessment. The inscription here (#061e) presents the total of the items listed. For the signgroup 056-070-070, compare 049-070-070 (#167) on a sealstone impressing #013; and see Transaction Terms.

Simple List

It is tempting to restore this bar according to the apparent total at the end, listing twelve items, probably personnel from places or persons. The extant bar itself would then preserve two-thirds of the items and itself would be about half-preserved (restored L. ca. 6 cm). Also assuming that most of the signgroups in the missing sections would be trisyllabic, we may restore it as follows.

JGY normalizes
a0. [•••     1a1. •]     1a2.      1
b0. [•••     1b1. -]*        1b2. X      1
c0. [•••     1c1. ••]•     1c2. *     1
d0. [•••     1d1.•]*     1d2.         1
e.      12  
   
a0. [•••     1a1. •]023-032     1a2. 042-056-031-     1
b0. [•••     1b1. 092-]057   034-056     1b2. X 037-011-029     1
c0. [•••     1c1. ••]•     1c2. 009-019-070     1
d0. [•••     1d1.•]092-049     1d2. 034-056   019-049     1
e. 056-070-070     12  
   
a0. [•••     1a1. ]TU-RE     1a2. A-KU-RE     1
b0. [•••     1b1. RU-]KI   TA-KU     1b2. Rv-SI-MA     1
c0. [•••     1c1. ••]•     1c2. A2-SA-RO     1
d0. [•••     1d1. ]RU-RO3     1d2. TA-KU   SA-RO3     1
e. KU-RO-RO     12  

Compare
a1: Linear A: A-TU-RI-SI-TI (Kn Zb 5), TU-RU-SA (KO Za 1b-c), ]SI-TU-RA2/RI-RE
a2: Linear A: A-KA-RA/U (PE Zb 3; HT 2.1; HT 86a.1), A-KI-RO (ARKH 4b.4)
b1: Linear A: A-DA-KI-SI-KA (KH 5.1-2), JA-KI-SI-KI-NU (ARKH Zf 9)
b2: Linear A: RI-SU-MA-NU-WI (HT 115a.1-2, 6), ]RI-SU-MA (HT 81.2)
c2: Linear A: A-SA-RA2 (HT 89.1), RO+SE (HT 93a.1), RO-SI-RA (ZA 9.3-4)
d1: Linear A: DU-RA-RE/DU-*314-RE (KN Zc 7; KO Za 1b-c), KA-RE-RO (HT Wc 3003), MI-RU-TA-RA-RE (HT 117a.4-5), QA-*118-RA-RE (HT 96b.1-2), RE-RO (HT Wc 3012b), RU-RA2 (HT 11b.1), RA2-RO-RE (ZA 10b.5), SA-RA-RA (HT 30.3), ]MA+RU-RE (KH 43.1)
d2: Linear A: SI-KA (HT Wa 1014-18, 1027a+g, 1028a+g); SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups II)
e: Hieroglyphic: KU-RO-RO2 (#298.a), & KU2-RO3-RO3 (CHIC #011.g; #059.aA1); Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#062. KN Hh (HM 1289 [SM I, P118]), bar with 4 faces [-->] (pierced end missing) (3.2 x [6.3] x 3.4 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]*   X ]054-061   X 042-034-049
bA]140]140
bB]•]•-054-061
cA]30]30
cB]*]042-054-061
dA]540]540
dB]*]042-054-061

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1]*]054-061
a2X X 042-034-049
bA]140]140
bB]•]•-054-061
cA]30]30
cB]*]042-054-061
dA]540]540
dB]*]042-054-061

Comments
Knossos Document Set 1A.
CHIC rejects Bennett's idea (1958: 37-38) that #062 & #063 belonged together.
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
a: CHIC: half of the face to the right is over an erasure.
a1, bB, cB, dB: See Notes to Signgroups X.
a2: see Notes to Signgroups III.C. See * 042-034-007-040 (#070) from Mallia.
bB: CHIC: ] 042-054-061 not impossible.
cB: CHIC: mark before 042.
dA: CHIC: ]541 if the mark at lower left is not the mark of a string.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1]*]054-061A-]DE
a2X X 042-034-049X A-TA-RO3
bB+A]*   ]140]042-054-061   ]140]A-DE   ]140
cB+A]*     ]30]042-054-061     ]30]A-DE     ]30
dB+A]*   ]540]042-054-061   ]540]A-DE   ]540

Compare
a1, bB+A, cB+A, dB+A: Linear A: A-DE (ZA 10b.4), A-DU (see Notes to Signgroups X)
a2: Linear A: A-TA-RE (ZA 8.1), A-TI-RU (ZA 4a.3); U-TA-RO (HT 116a.1)


#063. KN Hh (HM 1302 [SM I, P117]), bar with 4 faces [-->] (pierced end missing) (3.5 x [5.1] x (1.9) cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1] ><   |   105[]006-057-092   |   105[
a2]   3   |   []041-006   3   |   044-049[
b1]* ><   20   [   ]   |   [   ] ><   20[]057-053 ><   20[   ]   |   [   ]049-061 ><   20[
b2deestdeest
cdeestdeest
d1deestdeest
d2][ >< ]053-006[ ><

CHIC normalizes
a1       ]    |]006-057-092
105[   |105[   |
a2       ]3   | ]041-0063   |
[044-049[
b1       ]* >< 20   [   ]   |]057-053 >< 20   [   ]   |
        [   ] >< 20[[   ]049-061 >< 20[
b2, c, d1desuntdesunt
d2       ][ >< ]053-006[ ><

Comments
CHIC rejects Bennett's idea (1958: 37-38) that #062 & #063 belonged together.
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
a1, b1: CHIC: serious problems in the reading.
a1: CHIC: mark before ]006-057-092; 5 written over an erasure.
a1: see Notes to Sign 041, and Notes to Signgroups XII.
d2: for parallelism, this should be read retrograde.

Transaction Document

The bar follows the "Balance Ledger" format (see "Transaction Documents")

Graphic summary of #063
target amount paid KO-RO3 owed KI-RU
1052, 20, 40 = 623, 20, 20 = 43

JGY normalizes
a1]      |105[041-]006   057-092   |105[WA] NWA KI-RU | 105
a2   <>   3   |[   2]]041-006 <057-092>   3   |044-049[   2]WA NWA <KI-RU> 3 | KO-RO3[ 2
b1   ]*<>      20   [   ]   |[]   20[   ]    |041-006]   057-<092>    *053   20[   ][044-]049-061   20[WA NWA] KI<-RU> JA 20 | [KO-]RO3 20
d2]   <>   [   40]041-]006 <057-092>    *053[   20044-049   40]WA] NWA <KI-RU> JA [20 | [KO-RO3 40
b2, c, d1desunt desunt desunt


#064. KN Hh (HM no. ?), bar with 4 faces (1.5 x [1.3] x 1.5 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]2030[]2030[
b] vacat ? [] vacat ? [
c] vacat ? [] vacat ? [
d]1102[]1102[

Comments
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.


#065. KN Hh (HM 1294+1300 [SM I, P111 + P114]), bar with 4 faces (unpierced) (6.8 x 1.3 x 1.3 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX 1   X 1X 072-049-071-050-005-063 1   X 047-053 1
bX 1        300   * 1X 092-031 1   042 *161 Θ   *161 300   *152 1
c 2 *    32    1   X     *156 2 Δ    *180 32   *152 1   X 033-047   *178 Δ
d 1            072-049 1   *158 Δ   *167 Θ   *155 Δ Θ

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX 1X 072-049-071-050-005-0631
X 1 X 047-0531
bX 1X 092-0311
      *175 *161      Θ
300 *161300
* 1 089 *1521
c-d2     **1562     Λ
32*18032
1*1521
X        033-047*178      Δ
d1072-0491
       *158      Δ
      *167      Θ
       *155      ΔΘ

Comments
Knossos Document Set 3.
The bar is not pierced.
a: for the signgroup, 072-049 KA-RO3, see Transaction Terms; the second signgroup, 071-050-005-063, probably recurs on #066.a.
b: CHIC: X 092-031 1 is written right-to-left, perhaps over an erasure; 089 written over an erasure?
b1: for the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups II, which suggests that it may be an abbreviation for 036-092-031; it recurs on #067.c2, and may be part of the primary heading there too.
b2: the signgroup *175 *161 may be a mistake for 042-054 as on #062; if so it would eliminate the odd repetition of *161 and could function as a transaction term parallel to what seems to be a transaction term in b4, q.v. A comparison with #066.d2, however, affirms CHIC's reading.
b4: 089 recurs only in 441 089-044 *156 441 -KO VIN 441 (#047.b). It is tempting to restore 044 here too, especially since the following sign *152 BOS is so awkwardly drawn (compare the drawn Linear A signs 390-91 & 403) and since *152 BOS is repeated (#065.c); if so, the begining of this list would resemble the list on #047.b. If so, then, the signgroup * 089-044 could function like a heading or transaction term for the remainder of the list, as if * 089-044 were a version of 044-049; this would then parallel what may have been intended in b2, q.v.
c: CHIC: the fraction Δ is incised on face d.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
aX 1X 072-049-071-050-005-0631KA-RO3 TI-Rv-PA1
X 1 X 047-0531QE-JA1
bX 1X 092-0311RU-RE1
      *175 *161      ΘA *161   Θ = 1/6
300 *161300*161300
* 1 089 *1521089 BOS1
c-d2     **1562     ΛVIN2   Λ = 2 1/2
32*18032*18032
1*1521BOS1
X        033-047*178      ΔA*47-QE RU2   Δ = 1/3
d1072-0491KA-RO31
       *158      Δ OLE?   Δ = 1/3
      *167      Θ*167   Θ = 1/6
       *155      ΔΘFIC   ΔΘ = 1/3+1/6 = 1/2

Commodity List

There may be as many as four separate lists here, each with its own primary or secondary heading. Bar #066 records most of the same commodities and signgroups.
Some Linear A tablets present several lists of commodities, each with its own totaling word:
2 (on different sides of the tablet: HT 11 [KU-RO]
2 on one side: HT 25b [KU-RO], HT 39 [KU-RO?], HT 88 [KI-RO, KU-RO]), HT 127b [KU-RO, KU, KU-RO]; 3 on two sides: HT 94a [KA-PA, KU-RO] & b [KI-RO, KU-RO], HT 110a [KU-PA, KU-RO] & b [KU-RO], HT 122a [KU-RO] & b [KU-RO, PO-TO-KU-RO])
several on both sides: HT 123a [KU-RO, KI-RO] & b [KU-RO, KI-RO]
A comparison between this document and #066 (see below) reveals that the commodities on faces b-d are assessments, while face d records, as it says, La KA-RO3 "actual payments," which are less than assessed (#066.a).
Taken as a continuous sequence, all the commodities are listed according to the conventional order (see Younger, Review).
The total 340 * 3 3 plus the following values for the fractions (* = 1/2, = 1/4, = 1/6) yields a total 341 3/4. The way "FIC 1/2" is written on d4 (=1/3+1/6) looks wrong since the normal sign for 1/2 () is probably recorded on c1; but it actually is correct, for on #066a.3 FIC is recorded as assessed at "1/2" (). The odd way of recording 1/2 on #065.d4 possibly reflects how the assessment was paid, in 2 batches of 1/3 and 1/6 unit.

Compare
a1a: Linear A: "actual payment;" cf. KA-RU (HT 75.1; HT 97a.1)
a1b: Linear A: A-RI-PA (PE 2.3), -NA (ZA Zb 3), DA-RO-PA (HT 38.2), *079-PI (KN Wc 26b)
a2: Hieroglyphic: * (#063.b1, ?d2); Linear A: KO-JA (HT 119.2), ]-JA-QE (KN Za 17)
b1: Linear A: RU-RA2 (HT 11b.1), RE-RO (HT Wc 3012)
c4: Linear A: ]-JA-QE (KN Za 17), JA-QIf (HT 28a2, b4), KA-QA (PK 1.1)


#066. KN Hh (HM 1292 [SM I, P112]), bar with 4 faces (unpierced) ([5.4] x 1.3 x 1.3 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]         ]ΛΔ    *167 ΛΘ   *155 Λ
b]]029
c] 1]005-063 1
d] 12    ]*182 12   *161 Θ

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a   ]   ]ΛΔ
   *167   ]ΛΘ
   *155   ]Λ
b]]029
c]1]005-0631
d]12*18212
   *161   Θ

Comments
Knossos Document Set 3.
CHIC marks this not pierced; JGY: but one end is not entirely preserved, and it could have been pierced.
c: The signgroup recurs on #065.a1, and probably is the primary heading here too. Commodity List

A comparison with #065 (see below) reveals the arrangement for #066 (face c->d->b->a), and suggests that the commodity on a1 was *158. The comparison with #065 reveals that the two commodities on face d, , were written in reverse order from the conventional order; it is possible that the reverse order signfied that these commodities were "owed" (cf. #118, List 2); this would imply that the numbers of these commodities on #065 were assessments. The amounts on #065.d, however, cannot represent assessments, since the counterpart amounts on #066a are equal or more - face a on #066 must record assessments, and face d on #065 must record, as it says, KA-RO3, "actual payments."

#066 #065
b. a1a.
c. ] a1b. 1
a2. 1
b1. 1
d2.     = 1/6b2.        = 1/6
b3.300
b4.   *1
c1.* = 1/2
d1.12c2.32
c3.*1
c4.     = 1/3
d1.1
a1.  ] = 5/6d2.    = 1/3
a2.    = 2/3d3.    = 1/6
a3.   d4.    = 1/2

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
b]]029           ]-MA
c]1]005-0631-TI-]-Rv-PA1
d]12]*18212]12
   *161   Θ    Θ = 1/6
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a1   ]   ]ΛΔOLE]  ]ΛΔ = 5/6
a2   *167   ΛΘ   ΛΘ = 2/3
a3   *155   ΛFIC   Λ = 1/2

Compare
c: Linear A: A-RI-PA (PE 2.3), -NA (ZA Zb 3), DA-RO-PA (HT 38.2), *079-PI (KN Wc 26b)


#067. KN Hh (HM 1299 [SM I, P113]), bar with 4 faces (unpierced) ([3.8] x 1.2 x 1.2 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]    100        1]Δ    *171 100   *155 ΔΘ    *156 1
b] 1]   *180 1
c] 1   X 1]*152 1   X 092-031 1
dX •[X •[

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a   ]   ]Δ
100*171100
  *155   ΔΘ
1*156
b] 1]   *1801
c]1]*1521
X 1X 092-0311
dX •[X •[

Comments
Knossos Document Set 3.
CHIC marks this not pierced, but one end is not entirely preserved, and it could have been pierced.
c: CHIC: mark of a string after the second 1.
d: CHIC: trace of one or two signs.
c2: or the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups II, which suggests that it may be an abbreviation for 036-092-031; it recurs on #065.b1, and probably is part of the primary heading here too.

Commodity List

The commodities were not listed on #067 according to the conventional order for listing commodities; the faces should be read as CHIC has it: a->b->c->d.
A comparison with #065 and with the conventional order for listing commodities suggests that the scribe misplaced *155 FICUS and put the heading (c2 + d) at the end.
A comparison between all three documents (see Knossos Set 3A) reveals that #066 and #067 do not overlap (except in *155 FICUS misplaced on #067 and the recording of different amounts of *180 on #066 and #067, the total of which (13) does not account for the total on #065 (32).

#067 #065
a1a.
a1b. 1
dX •[a2. 1
c2 X 1b1. 1
a1.     = 1/3b2.        = 1/6
b3.300
a2.100b4.   *1
a4.1c1.* = 1/2
b.1c2.32
c1.]*1c3.*1
c4     = 1/3
d1.1
a1.  ] = 5/6d2.    = 1/3
a2.    = 2/3d3.    = 1/6
a3.   d4.    = 1/2

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a   ]   ]Δ    ]Δ = 1/3
100*171100 100
  *155   ΔΘ FIC   ΔΘ = 1/2
1*156 VIN1
b] 1]   *1801 1
c]*1]*1521 BOS1
X 1X 092-0311X RU-RE1
dX •[X •[ X •[

Compare
c2: Linear A: RU-RA2 (HT 11b.1), RE-RO (HT Wc 3012)


#068. KN Hi 01 (HM 1268 [SM I, P120]), tablet (7.3 x 4.9 x 1.2 cm)
As on the tablet
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
r.A* 10   * 5    1 *156 10   *151 5   *175 Π Π Π
r.B* 15   * 8   *153 15   *154 8   Π Π Π
vvacatvacat

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
r.A*10*15610
*5*1515
1   *1751   ΠΠΠ
r.B*15*15315
*8   *1548   ΠΠΠ
vvacatvacat

Commodity List.

The commodities follow the conventional order.
From the numbers, the document presents 2 lists of ratios:
: = 2 : 1
+ : = 2 : 1
The document could therefore list rations, with the personnel sign *151 functioning as a unit: "for every 5 there should be the following commodities ..." (in Linear A, PE 1 gives the ratio VIR:GRA at 1:2, and on HT 28 & 114, the ratio VINa:GRA:OLE+BOS = 1:1).
*151 VIR3 *175 A *154 OLIV *156 VIN *153 GRA
amounts51 ΠΠΠ = 1 3/48 ΠΠΠ = 8 3/41015
proportionunit = 1.0000.3501.75023

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
r.A*10*15610VIN10
*5*1515VIR35
1   *1751   ΠΠΠ A1 ΠΠΠ = 1 3/4
r.B*15*15315GRA15
*8   *1548   ΠΠΠ OLIV8 ΠΠΠ = 8 3/4
vvacatvacat vacat


#069. KN Hi 02 (HM -), tablet ([1.7] x [1.7] x 0.6)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
r.1]••[]•-073-•[
r.2]*[]073-070[ ><
 infra mutilainfra mutila
   
 supra mutilasupra mutila
v][]038[

JGY normalizes
r.1]••[]•-073-•[ •-KU3-
r.2]*[]073-070[ >< ]KU3-RO[
 infra mutilainfra mutilainfra mutila
     
 supra mutilasupra mutilasupra mutila
v][]038[]JA[

Compare
r2.: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total")


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Comments, corrections, questions: John Younger (jyounger@ku.edu)