The Administrative Hieroglyphic Documents from Malia

a web edition of CHIC with commentary

inaugural date: 21 December 2005; last update: 14 August 2010


Comments, corrections, questions: John Younger (jyounger@ku.edu)


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Notes

For non-administrative Hieroglyphic documents from Malia, see Miscellaneous Hieroglyphic Documents.

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In the commentary (not in the headings), CHIC documents (numbers preceded by #) in bold (e.g., #225) are sealstones or impressions.

In the "normalizations" (phonetic readings) suggested below, the phonetic identifications of the Hiero signs are based on Notes on the Signs, a separate study of the individual signs, their resemblances to Linear A/B signs and the patterns of their use in Hiero. The phonetic values of signs in black are considered certain; those in red are considered probable; and those in green are considered possible. With green values, sometimes only the consonant is guessed and the syllable is then rendered as in the following Kv.

A raised asterisk after the syllabogram indicates the reading is doubtful (e.g., *), similarly for the underlined transnumeration and normalization (e.g., 042 A).


Malia, Quartier Mu


#070. MA/M Hd (HM 1091 [ Mu I, 20]), cone; from Mu IV 5, SE corner (H. [2.1]; D. base ca. 3.5 cm). MA/M Style 3
inscription transnumeration
*042-034-007-040

Comments <

Since the inscription encircles the cone, it could start with any sign and be read forwards or backwards.
Sign 042 is probably always an initial; see Notes to Sign 042. Notes to Signgroups III.B & III.C suggest that 034-049 go together; since 049 RO3 and 040 RO2 have roughly the same phonetic value, then 034-040 may also go together -- see 042-034-049 (#062) from Knossos. See Inflection Sequence 5a2.

JGY normalizes
inscription transnumerationnormalization
    **175   034-007-040A   TA-MI- RO2

or, reading retrograd:    * *175 040-007-034, A    RO2-MI-TA

Compare
Hieroglyphic: 034-007, TA-MI (#308); Linear A: TO- ME (PE 2.4), TU-MA (HT 94b.1)


#071. MA/M Hd (HM 1092 [ Mu I, 21]), cone; from Mu IV 5, W (H. 3; D. base ca. 2.5 cm). MA/M Style 1
sideinscription transnumeration
X X 022-056-070-061

Comments

CHIC: cf. ] ]056-070-061 (#059.dB).
Signgroup 056-070 is a transaction term meaning "total"; see Transaction Terms. Sign 061 is a common terminal. Sign, 022, may function as a prefixed adjunct (and therefore in the initial position) or appended logogram (to be read after the transaction term).
For KU-RO prefixed with a sign, there is two certain and one possible parallel.
A3-KU-RO 008-056-070 (#132)
-*- -062-034-002-056-070- (#328)
[•] 042[•]056-070-061 A[•]KU-RO (#059.dB)
For KU-RO followed by a logogram, there at least one parallel.
    056-070 *159, etc. (#118.a)
cf. 028-049-041-003 (#053.aA)

JGY normalizes
inscription transnumerationnormalization
X     X 056-070-061 *022KU-RO-   VIR4

or: X X 022-056-070-061, VIR4-KU-RO-

Compare
Linear A: KU-RO ... VIR (HT 25b.2); cf. (if VIR4 has a phonetic value) PO-TO-KU-RO (HT 122b.6, HT 131b.4)


#072. MA/M He (HM 1654 [ Mu I, 8]), medallion [<--]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 (3.1 x 3.3 x 0.3 cm). MA/M Style 4
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a* >< 011-038-029
bvacatvacat

Comments

Malia Document Sets, I: Mu: Medallions
a: CHIC: -030 less probable.
a: The signgroup recurs (in variation) on Knossos documents #042, #057, #061 (see Notes to Signs 011 and 029); cf. 011-038-016 (#148, two noduli also from Malia Mu).

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a* >< 011-038-029> SI-JA-MA
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
a: Linear A: SA-JA-MA (HT 31.3)


#073. MA/M He (HM 1655 [ Mu I, 9]), medallion [no suspension hole]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 (2.9 x 3 x 0.5 cm). MA/M Style 4
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a >< 027-034-070
bvacatvacat

Comments

Malia Document Sets, I: Mu, Medallions
CHIC: no suspension hole, but the tang seems to have been pinched around a fissure (the procedure no doubt took place before the incising which was not affected by it).
a: CHIC: 027 over an erasure. JGY: for the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups III.C.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a >< 027-034-070>RA3-TA-RO
bvacatvacat

Compare
a. retrograde: Linear A: RI-TA-RU (KH 6.4)


#074. MA/M He (HM 1656 [ Mu I, 10]), medallion [<--]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 (3.7 x 3.8 x 0.8 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a >< 042-070-060-044
bvacatvacat

Comments

Malia Document Sets, I: Mu, Medallions
Notes to Sign 042, suggests separating 042 and reading the rest of the signgroup retrograde.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a   *175 044-060-070A KO-KO2-RO
bvacatvacatvacat

or: 042-070-060-044, A-RO-KO2-KO

Compare
a: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total"); A-KA-RU (HT 2.1, HT 86a.1, b.1)


#075. MA/M He (HM 1657 [ Mu I, 11]), medallion [broken at top]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 3.3 x [2.5] x 0.6 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a060-009
bvacatvacat

Comments

Malia Document Sets, I: Mu, Medallions
a: CHIC: an erased sign, accidentally or not, perhaps itself over an erasure; JGY: the signgroup is hapax legomenon here, and - 009-060 is not attested. Nonetheless, 009 otherwise acts as an initial only, forcing a retrograde reading.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a009-060-A2-KO2-
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
a: Linear A: if A2-KO2-RO, cf. KU-RO ("balance," "total"); A-KA-RU (HT 2.1, HT 86a.1, b.1); if > -KO2-A, cf. KO-JA (HT 119.2), A-KO-A-NE (PK Za 11.b-c)


#076. MA/M He (HM 1658 [ Mu I, 12]), medallion [--_]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 (4.3 x 4.2 x 0.8 cm). MA/M Style 2
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a >< 008-056-013
bvacatvacat

Comments

Malia Document Sets, I: Mu, Medallions
The first two signs recur in 008-056-070 (#132); see Notes to Sign 013 suggesting that 013 be separated.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a    >< 008-056 *152A3-KU BOS
bvacatvacatvacat

or: 008-056-013, A3-KU-MU2

Compare
a: Linear A: if A3-KU BOS, cf. JA-KU (MA 3b.2); cf. JA-KU-TI (KN 1a.1-2), A-KU-JU-PA-*118 (PA 1.1-2), A-KU-TU-*361[ (TY 3a.7); if A3-KU-MU2, cf. A-KU-MI-NA (ZA 10a.1-2)


#077. MA/M He (HM 1659 [ Mu I, 13]), medallion [<--]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 (3.3 x 3 x 0.5 cm). MA/M Style 2
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a*031-055-081
bvacatvacat

Comments

a: CHIC: 031 lacks its stem (cf. #080). JGY: Although the signgroup is hapax legomenon here and this is the only appearance of sign 081, sign 055 precedes a Rv syllabogram in two other signgroups (see Notes to Sign 055: X [ 055-070-049[ [#022.g] and ]*[ >< ]070-055-057-056[ [#103.a-b]; cf. X >< X 070-056-057-011 [#185]). It is tempting, therefore to read this signgroup retrograde.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a* >< 081-055-031KE-RE
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
a: Linear A: if < KE-RE, cf. A-KA-RA (PE Zb3), A-KA-RU (HT 2.1; HT 86a.1; ), KE-KI-RU (HT 94b.2), QA-KU-RE (HT Wc 3017.a1),QE-KU-RE (HT 20.2-3), U-KA-RE (PE 1.1-2); if > RE-KE-, cf. RI-KA-TA (HT 136.4), RI-QE-TI- (PO Zg 1)


#078. MA/M He (HM 1660 [ Mu I, 14]), medallion [broken at top]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 ([3.5] x [3.1] x 0.9 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a*•[083-047-019-•[
bvacatvacat

Comments

a: CHIC: might 083 = 011 (cf. #072) strongly schematized ? (or cf. 082 ?); 047: or 005 ? JGY: For 005-019, see #112.a2.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a*•[ >< •-047-019-•[•-QE-SA-•[
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
a: Linear A: if > •-QE-SA-•, cf. QA-SA-[ (HT 111a.2); if < •-SA-QE-•, cf. SA-QE-RI (HT 11b.4-5)


#079. MA/M He (HM 1661 [ Mu I, 15.]), medallion [-->]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 (3.1 x 3.3 x 0.5 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a* >< 068-077-015
bvacatvacat

Comments

a: CHIC: 077 perhaps over an erasure. The Notes to Sign 068 suggest that 068 is a terminal, implying a retrograde reading.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a* >< 015-077-068DU?-RU2-Rv
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
a: Linear A: DU-*314-RE (KO Za 1.b-c), DU-RA-RE (KN Zc 7)


#080. MA/M He (HM 1662 [ Mu I, 16]), medallion [-->]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 (3.6 x 4 x 1.2 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a* >< 012-031-082
bvacatvacat

Comments

a: CHIC: 031 lacks its stem (cf. #077); 082: cf. 083 ? JGY: The signgroup in any order or combination of signs is a hapax legomenon here.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a* >< 012-031-082MU-RE-
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
a: Linear A: MU-RU (HT 3.4; HT 46a.1)


#081. MA/M He (HM 1663 [ Mu I, 17]), medallion [-->]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 (3. x 3 x 0.3 cm). MA/M Style 5
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a >< 028-070
bvacatvacat

Comments

a: CHIC: traces of an erasure. For the signgroup, see Notes to Sign 028, and Inflection Sequence 5b1.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a >< 028-070KU2-RO
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
a: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#082. MA/M He (HM 1664 [ Mu I, 18]), medallion [-->]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 (3.1 x 3.1 x 0.8 cm). MA/M Style 2
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a >< 020-016-041
bvacatvacat

Comments a: the signgroup may be intact or consist of a signgroup plus logogram or of a string of logograms; see Notes to Sign 041. Sign 020 occurs in 11 signgroups: in 7 of these the sign is either an initial or a terminal, and in 4, possibly 5, it appears next to an animal-head sign. In all but one of these cases the direction of reading is ambivalent, but X 009-077-013-020 (#003.g) is clear - perhaps the reading here is therefore retrograde, with 020 a terminal. The Linear A parallel to the signgroup's phonetic rendering lends some support to an orthograde reading, however.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a >< 020-016-041AI-KI-WA

Compare
a: Linear A: ]I-KI-RA (HT 25a.5)


#083. MA/M He (HM 1665 [ Mu I, 19]), medallion [<--]; from Mu III 3b, angle I 17 (3.1 x 3.3 x 0.4 cm). MA/M Style 5
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a >< 030-034
bvacatvacat

Comments

Malia Document Sets, I: Mu, Medallions
a: CHIC: 034 over ? JGY: The signgroup is a hapax legomenon.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a >< 030-034PU2?-TA


#084. MA/M He ((HM 1682 [ Mu III, 321]), medallion [pierced from a->b]; from Mu, drain along the outside of IX 7b ([3.3] x [3.8] x 0.8)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]••[]•-016-•[
bvacatvacat

Comments

Malia Document Sets, I: Mu, Medallions
a: For the signgroup, compare *[ 068-016[ (#086).

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]••[]•-016-•[]•-KI-•[


#085. MA/M Hf (HMs 1680 [ Mu I, 7]), lame with 2 faces [pierced from a->b]; from Mu between I 10 and III 15 (2.4 x 7.3 x 0.8 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a068-061
bvacatvacat

Comments

Malia Document Sets I: Mu, Lames

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a068-061Rv


#086. MA/M Hf (A. Nik. M 12279 [ Mu III, 317]), lame with 2 faces [pierced from a->b]; from Mu Z 13 fill (2.2 x [3.9] x 0.9 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a*[068-016[
bvacatvacat

Comments

Malia Document Sets I: Mu, Lames
a: Notes to Sign 068 suggest that it is a terminal.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]*]016-068]KI-Rv

or: *[ 068-016[, Rv-KI[

Compare
a: Linear A: if KI-Rv, cf. KI-RO ("owed"); if Rv-KI, cf. ]RA-KI-TA-NA-SI[ (KH 60.1), RO-KE (HT 98a.4), RI-KA-TA (HT 146.4), RI-QE-TI- (PO Zg 1), ]RI-KA-NE (ARKH 3a.1, alternative)


#087. MA/M Hf (03) 02 (MASM 89-4103/39 [ Mu III, 320]), lame with 2 faces [pierced from a->b]; from Mu surface Z/A 13, fill (1.7 x [4.3] x 0.7 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a•[ 064-096-•[
bvacatvacat

Comments

CHIC: suspension hole "impractical."
The signgroup is a hapax legomenon; sign 064 recurs only in ] •[ ]029-064-[ incised on an amphora handle (#330); sign 096 may recur but only as an alternative reading on a Chamaizi jug (#322). Morphologically, sign 064 could resemble AB "DA" 01, and sign 096 looks like the predecessor to AB "QA" 16. The third sign on #087 could be another 096 and if the signgroup were read retrograde, Linear A QA-QA-DA/RU would make an attractive restoration.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a•[ 064-096-•[DA-QA-•[

Compare
a: Linear A: if DA-QA-•[, cf. DA-QE-RA (HT 6a.6; HT 57a.1; HT 120.1); if ]•-QA-DA, cf. QA-QA-DA (PE 2.3-4)


#088. MA/M Hf (A. Nik. M 12281 [ Mu III, 318]), lame with 2 faces [broken at top]; from Mu Z 13 fill (2.5 x [4.6] x 0.9 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]]031-041
bvacatvacat

Comments

a: Notes to Sign 041 suggest that sign *041 is a logogram ( *163). The two signs     031 041 also occur together on two sealstones: * >< 041-031-011 (#271.b) and X >< X 041-031-044 (#307.d). Although the correct order is difficult to determine, Linear A is full of words ending in -RE and several ending in -RE-• (-JA, -MI, -NA, -RO, -TE, -TI, -TO, -TU, -WI, -ZA); I suggest that 041 is a logogram here.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]   ]031   *041]RE   WA/TELA

or: ], ]031-041, ]RE-WA

Compare
a: Linear A: if ]RE-WA, cf. QA-RA2-WA (HT 86a.3)


#089. MA/M Hf (04) 01 (HM 1676 [ Mu I, 3]), lame with 2 faces [pierced from a->b]; from Mu IV 5 (2.5 x 8.3 x 0.8 cm)
As on the lame
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX    |    vacat044-049-023   |
b   |    034-041-084   |   051-051-051-041

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1X    |044-049-023   |
a2vacatvacat
b1   | 034-041-084
b2051-051-051-041

Comments

Malia Document Sets I: Mu, Lames
Transaction Document: The medallion follows the "Balance Ledger" format (see "Transaction Documents"), giving, perhaps, an assessment on face b and the amounts contributed or owed.
a1: since 044-049 KO-RO3 is a transaction term (= Linear A KU-RO, "balance," "total"), then , which does not commonly end signgroups (see Notes to Sign 023), functions here probably as the logogram *159bis. Compare * 056-023 (#039.a1) and 057-023 (#039.b2).
b1: this is the only appearance of 084; it should be the predecessor to B 145 LANA (and Linear A *361?), the sign for 3 double minas of weight for wool, equivalent to 2.89 kg. See Notes to Sign 084 (Younger 2005).
b2: note the raised position of 041, as if an adjunct to 051-051-051.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b+      |      034+*041   *084   |   *041/*163   *051-*051-*051TA+TELA   LANA   |   TELA 3 KU3/double-minas
aX       |    vacat044-049   *159bis   |KO-RO3   OLIV

Compare
b1: Linear A: TELA+TE (TEL); Linear B: TELA+te (common)
b2: Linear A: TELA+KU (HT 38.3), TELA+*312 (HT 38.3); Linear B: TELA+ku (common)
a1: Linear A: OLIV ... KU-RO (HT 123a.7-9), OLIV+TU (HT 50a.4, 101.6, 116a.5)


#090. MA/M Hf (HM 1679 [ Mu I, 6]), lame with 2 faces [pierced from b->a]; from Mu III 13, southern part (3.2 x [6.4] x 1 cm)
As on the lame
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX 016-038-007-051
b70007000

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a-bX    7000016-038-007-051    B>7000

Comments

Malia Document Sets I: Mu, Lames
Transaction Document: the medallion follows the "Balance Ledger" format (see "Transaction Documents"), giving only the assessment.
a-b: See Notes to Sign 016.
a: cf. X • * X •-072-038-007-016 - it seems as if the first and last signs were reversed; this might happen if all three signs in question ( 016, 072, and 051) were phonetically similar, as indeed they seem to be (see Notes to the Signs). Cf. 051-051-051-041 (#089.b2; see notes), and * >< 051-092-092 (#318), both from Malia Mu.
7000 is the largest number recorded in Hieroglyphic. The only numbers in the 1000s recorded in Linear A are: 1000 *551 (KH *1.2), 1060 (HT 102.5, probably GRA), 2000 (MA 9, commodity not extant), and 3000 *402VAS (HT 31.6).

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a-bX    7000016-038-007-051    7000KI-JA-MI-KU3   7000

Compare
a-b: Linear A: KA-NI-JA-MI (CR(?) Zf 1); cf. ]MU *312[ (HT 78.1)


#091. MA/M Hf (A.Nik.M 12280 [ Mu III, 319]), lame with 2 faces [pierced from a->b]; from Mu Z 13 fill (2.3 x [4.7] x 0.8 cm). MA/M Style 1
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a[042-013-009[
b[070-031-034[

Comments

Knossos Document Set 6, related.
Transaction Document
a. since both 042 and 009 are initials, 013 should be the logogram *152 BOSb: CHIC: cf. X 053-034-031-070 on #001 ? JGY: for the signgroup, see Inflection Sequence 2a, and compare 034-031-019 RO-RE-SA (#054.e, #056.a), <-- <-- 070-031-034, <-- RO-RE-TA (#001), and -- -070-094-034- -RO-E-TA- (#328).

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a   [042-009   *152[A-A2   BOS
b[070-031-034[RO-RE-TA

a: or: 042-013-009, A-MU2-A2

Compare
a: if Hieroglyphic A-MU2-A2, cf. Linear A A-MA-JA (KH 14.1)
b: Linear A: A-RU-RA-TA (HT 11a.1, alternative)


#092. MA/M Hf (HM 1677 [ Mu I, 4]), lame with 2 faces [broken at ends]; from Mu A/Z 7, fill (2.8 x [2.7] x 0.7 cm). MA/M Style 1
As on the lame
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a][ >< ]061-080-032[
b]vacat   |   *[ >< ]vacat   |   053[

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a][ >< ]061-080-032[
b*[ ><    | 053 ><    |

Comments

a: CHIC: 080 = 057 incomplete or, better, 046 ?
a: Since 061 functions as a terminal (see Notes to Sign 061), the signgroup is better read retrograde. If 032 were 031 the signgroup would resemble 031-021-061 (#050.d, #059, #149, #197; cf. #063). Sign 080 occurs only in this signgroup; it resembles an abstract 013 (cf. its appearance on #120 [chart CHIC p. 391]). If the signgroup was * 032-013-061, then compare 079-032-013 (#057.b)

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a][ ><]032-080-061[]Rv[
b]* ><    |]053   |]JA   |


#093. MA/M Hf (HM 1666 [ Mu I, 1]), lame with 2 faces [broken at ends]; from Mu IV 4c (2.3 x [5.1] x 1.2 cm). MA/M Style 3
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]]038
b]]019

Comments

Transaction Document

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]]038]JA
b]]019]SA


#094. MA/M Hf (HM 1678 [ Mu I, 5]), lame with 2 faces [broken at end]; from Mu III 13, southern part (1.4 x [4.2] x 1.4 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
avacatvacat
bvacatvacat


#095 MA/M Hh (HM 1667 [ Mu I, 2]), bar with 4 faces; from Mu III 5 [broken at end] (1.4 x [4.2] x 1.4 cm). MA/M Style 1
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a   270[042-066-077-042   270[
b   890[061-062-042   890[
cvacatvacat
dvacatvacat

Comments

Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
a: The signs ought to be read starting with sign 042 since it is apparently always an initial (see Notes to Sign 042). I also interpret 066 as a mark that isolates sign 042; see note to #059.aB, and compare
>< 042-066-016-062 >< (#305.a)
* >< 012-016-062-018 >< (#271.1)
This reasoning leads me to suggest two alternative readings, of which I prefer the second:
        *175 *077 *175
<--     <--042-077    *175
b1: Since 061 is apparently always a terminal, this signgroup, too, needs to be read retrograde. The pattern 042-•-061 recurs in the important signgroup 042-054-061 (#037.a, #050.a, #058.a, #062.cB & dB, #293.g, #303.b); see Notes to Signgroups X. For the possibility of another 042-062, see #013.g1.
b2: CHIC: trace of a sign after 890; JGY: this might be compatible with * 036 SA2.

JGY normalizes
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
a<--       270[042-077   *175   270[A-RU2   A   270[
b<--    890[042-062-061   890[A-NA   890[
c, dvacantvacantvacant

Compare
a: Linear A: A-RU (HT 9a.5-6, b.2-3?; HT 49a.6)
b: Linear A: A-NA (HT 37.5); cf. A-NA-QA? (HT 126a.2), A-NA-NU-SI-JA-SE[ (HT Zb 159), JA-NA-KI- (PK Za 8.a), A-NA-TI- (IO Za 8)


#096. MA/M Hh (MASM M 80/A 1 [ Mu III, 316]), bar with 4 faces [?] (3.2 x [5.8] x 3.2 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
adeestdeest
bdeestdeest
cdeestdeest
ddeestdeest


Malia, Palace


#097. MA/P Ha (HM 1402 [ÉM, H. 6]), crescent (4 x 1.7 x 1.1 cm)
sideinscription/seal impressiontransnumeration
a2 impressions (not H: lion attacks bull)2 impressions (not H: lion attacks bull)
bvacat 
g040-070-038
dvacat 

Comments

Transaction Document
g: The signgroup is probably to be read retrograde; compare X 056-070-040 (#298.a).

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
g038-070-040JA-RO-RO2
a2 impressions (not H: lion attacks bull)2 impressions (not H: lion attacks bull)2 impressions (not H: lion attacks bull)
b, dvacantvacant vacant

or: 040-070-038, RO2-RO-JA

Compare
a: Linear A: if < JA-RO-RO2, cf. A-RI-JA[ (PH 28a.3), A-RU-RA-SU/TA (HT 11a.1, alternative), RA2-RO-RE (ZA 10b.6)


#098. MA/P He (HM 1397 [ÉM, H. 9]), medallion [-->] (3.6 [3.6] x 1.1 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX •*X •-072-038-007-016
bvacatvacat

Comments

a: see Notes to Sign 016: 038-011-016 may comprise a separate signgroup and be a variant of 016-038-011; Transaction Terms suggests that •* may in fact be <-- ** 072-049. Alternatively, compare X X 016-038-007-051 (#038.a-b) - it seems as if the first sign there has become the last sign here, as if the first and last signs were reversed; this might happen if all three signs in question ( 016, * 072, and 051) were phonetically similar, as indeed they seem to be.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
aX •*X •-072-038-007-016X •-KA-JA-MI-KI
bvacatvacatvacat

or:    ** 016-038-011   072-049, KI-JA-MI   KA-RO2

Compare
a: Linear A; if KA-JA-MI-KI, cf. KA-NI-JA-MI (CR(?) Zf 1); cf. ]MU *312[ (HT 78.1); if KI-JA-MI   KA-RO2, cf. ]-KE-JU-MI[ (KN Za 19), and KA-RU (HT 75.1; HT 97a.1), "actual payment"


#099 MA/P He (HM no. unknown [ÉM, H. 13]), medallion [broken at top] ([2.5] x [3.5] x 0.8 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]• >< []049-060-•[
bvacatvacat

Comments

Because of the probable phonetic value of 060 KO2, the signgroup should be read retrograde.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]•   [ >< ]•   060-049[]•   KO2-RO3[

Compare
a. Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#100 MA/P He (HM 1400 [ÉM, H. 10]), medallion [no hole] (piriform: 2.5 x 3.1 x 0.8)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a   11*155   11
bvacatvacat

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a   11*155   11FIC   11
bvacatvacatvacat


#101 MA/P He (HM 1396 [ÉM, H. 8]), medallion [pierced from either side] (4.5 x [3.5] x 1.1 cm)
As on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a >? 042-041-049
b703[703[

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a-b >?     703[042-041-049    703[

Comments

Malia Document Sets, II: Palace 1
Transaction Document
Compare 042-041-011 (#027.b); and see Notes to Sign 041, which suggests that 041 is a logogram; if so, 042-049 might be an abbreviation for <> 042-<072>-049 (given the Linear A parallels).

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a-b<>      703[041-<072>-049   *041   703[A-<KA>-RO3   TELA   703[

or: 042-041-049, A-WA-RO3

Compare
a-b: Linear A: A-KA-RU (HT 2.1; HT 86a.1, b.1)


#102 MA/P He (HM 1399 [...M, H. 12]), medallion [no suspension hole] ([2.4] x [2.9] x 0.9 cm)
As on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a[   >< 028-041[
b]30]30

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a-b[   ><   30[028-041[   30[

Comments

The inscription may abbreviate     028-049 041-003; see Notes to Sign 028.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a-b[   ><   30[028-041[   30[KU2   TELA[

Compare
a-b: Linear A: TELA+KU (HT 38.3)


#103. MA/P He (HM 1398 [ÉM, H. 11]), medallion [] ([1.8] x 3.4 x 0.7 cm)
As on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]*[   >< ]070-055-057-056[
b][]*163[

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a-b]*[   ><   ][]070-055-057-056[   ][

Comments

Malia Document Sets, II: Palace 1.
Transaction Document
Although the signgroup is hapax legomenon here, sign 055 is adjacent a Rv syllabogram in two other signgroups (see Notes to Sign 055). It is tempting, therefore to read this signgroup retrograde; cf. X >< X 070-056-057-011 (#185). On tablets #119.r1 and #120.vB the signgroup 050-057-056 recurs, but it is probably a signgroup unique to these documents.
The logogram *163 is hapax legomenon here; see Notes to Sign *163.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a-b]*[   ><   ][]056-057-055-070[   ><   ][]KU-KI-KE-RO[   ]TELA2[

Compare
a-b: Linear A: if retrograde, cf. KE-KI-RU (HT 94b.2), KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 85b.1); if orthograde: A-RA-KO-KU- (KO(?) Zf 2)


#104. MA/P He (HM 1395 [ÉM, H. 7]), medallion [-->] (3.7 x 4.1 x 0.5 cm)
As on the medallion
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a032-009-056
b   100*168   100

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a-b       100032-009-056   *168   100

Comments

Malia Document Sets, II: Palace 1 a: For the signgroup, 009-056, see Notes to Sign 009 and Notes to Signgroups XVI, which suggest that 009 is an initial and that the signgroup 009-056 is separate. The placement of the signs on the document argues for separating them thus:     009-056 *032. Sign 032 was written so boldly it could actually be 031.
b: CHIC: or *040 ?? JGY: logogram *168 is a hapax legomenon here. Its placement on side b is on the other side of 009-056; consequently, the alternative reading 040 is attractive. The number is written as a straight stroke.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a-b*(/)   *   100009-056-040(/*168)   031   100A2-KU-RO2(*168)   RE   100

or: * 031-009-056, RE-A2-KU; or: 032-009-056, RE-A2-KU; or: /*, KU-A2-RE/RE, all plus *168

Compare
a-b: Linear A: A-KA-RU (HT 2.1; HT 86a.1, b.1); A-KI-RO (ARKH 46.4); JA-KU (MA 3b.2); if RE-A2-KU, cf. ]-RE-I-KE (PS Za 2.1), ]RU-I-KO (HT 24b.4); if KU-A2-RE/RE, cf. ]-*306-TI-KA-A-RE[ (HT 4.1)


#105. MA/P Hf (HM 1381 [ÉM, H. 16]), lame with 2 faces [pierced end not preserved] (2.8 x [5.4] x 1.1 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aA]•]•-016-038
aB]•   210]•-013-035   210
bvacatvacat

Comments

aA: see Notes to Sign 016, and Inflection Sequence 5b2.
aB: The signgroup is a hapax legomenon. Sign 035 is rare, occuring only three times in Hieroglyphic (]• ]•-013-035 [#105.aB]; ] ]035-053-034 >? [#115.a]; and 042-056-035 [#119.li]); it may be a terminal.
The number 210: CHIC: first hundred is over an erasure; 210 forms a graphic unit and to identify here sign 073 twice seems difficult. JGY: The hundreds are circles, the ten a dot; the entire number 210 is spread over both lines.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aA]•]•-016-038]•-KI-JA
aB]•   210]•-013-035   210]•-MU2-SU   210
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
aA: Linear A: cf. JA-KI[ (ZA 26a.2), JA-KI-PA3[ (PH 22a.2), JA-KI-SI-KI-NU (ARKH Zf 9)
aB: Linear A: cf. JA-SU-MA-TU (SY Za 2a), WI-JA-SU-MA-TI-TI-*319 (HT Zd 157), ]A-SU-MI-*118[ (ARKH 1a.4)


#106. MA/P Hf (HM 1383 [ÉM, H. 15]), lame with 2 faces [pierced end not preserved] (2.3 x [3.4] x 0.8)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]]013-049
bvacatvacat

Comments

Knossos Document Set 6, related.
Transaction Document
a: See Inflection Sequence 5a1, and Notes to Sign 013, which suggests the tripartite transaction term with the logogram in the middle: ] = ]   , 057]-049   *152.
b: CHIC: trace of what could be an unfinished suspension hole, which only pierces half the distance.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]   057]-049   *152KI-]RO3   BOS
bvacatvacatvacat

Compare
a: Linear A: cf. KI-RO ... BOS (HT 30.4)


#107. MA/P Hf (HM no. unknown [ÉM, H. 18]), lame with 2 faces [pierced end not preserved] ([1.3] x [3.1] x 0.9 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]•]•-020-•
infra mutilainfra mutila
  
supra mutilasupra mutila
bvacatvacat

Comments

Transaction Document

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]•]•-020-•]•-AI-•
infra mutilainfra mutila infra mutila
   
supra mutilasupra mutila supra mutila
bvacatvacatvacat


#108. MA/P Hf (HM 1386 [ÉM, H. 17]), lame with 2 faces [pierced end not preserved] (1.6 x [2.3] x 0.9 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a   5[*169   5[
b]6]6

Comments

Knossos Document Set 3b, Related
a: sign *169 is hapax legomenon here; it may indicate a group number or tally mark. See notes to the transaction documents KN #059 and MA #112.
b: CHIC: Perhaps a trace of a sign before ]6 (itself rather strange).


#109. MA/P Hf (HM 1385 [ÉM, H. 14]), lame with 2 faces [-->] (2.6 x [6.1] x 0.9 cm)
As on the lame
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a   |    •[019-034   |    003-•[
b[036-092[

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a   | 019-034   |
•[003-•[
b[036-092[

Comments

b: CHIC: traces in the break: 30[ ? JGY: the signgroup has the phonetic value of SA2-RU[, probably a variant spelling of SA-RO (see Notes to Signgroups II), probably a toponymn, probably near or at Malia.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a   |    •[019-034   |    003-•[SA-TA   |    VIR3-•[
b   30[036-092   30[SA2-RU   30[

Compare
a: Linear A: SA-TA (HT117a.7 heading), SA-TA (HT 42.1)
b: Linear A: SA-RU (HT 86a.2, b.2; HT 94b.3; HT 95a.3, b.1; HT 124a.4-5); cf. SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups II)


#110. MA/P Hf (HM 1384 [ÉM, H. 19]), lame with 2 faces [<-->] (2.4 x [3.6] x 0.8 cm))
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a[044-040[
b*•[ 085- [

Comments

b: ÉM, p. 23 & 56 : "Linear" !

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a[044-040[KO-RO2[
b*•[ 085-•[WI-•[

Compare
a: Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#111. MA/P Hh (HM 1389), bar 4 faces [pierced from a -> c] (1.9 x 9.0 x 1.9 cm).
As on the bar and as CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a•-[   ]60[•-[   ]60[
b1vestigiavestigia
b2vestigiavestigia
c   ][   ]025[
d1vestigiavestigia
d2   ]40[   ]40[

JGY normalizes < /TR>
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a•-[   ]60[•-[   ]60[•-[   ]60[
b1vestigiavestigiavestigia
b2vestigiavestigiavestigia
c   ][   ]025[   ]TE[
d1vestigiavestigiavestigia
d2   ]40[   ]40[   ]40[


Note: bars #112, #113, and #114 will be presented first, with notes to individual signgroups, then discussed together as transaction documents.

#112. MA/P Hh (HM 1391 [ÉM, H. 21]), bar with 4 faces [?] (1.8 x [6.4] x 1.6 cm)
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]•   |   ]•-042-049-016-016-077   |   057-070-061-005-019
b]]077-042-049-016-016-056-077
c]*   |      10   *]002-061   |   *170   10   050-070-013-063-038
d]   |      |   *]042-063-060   |   008-070-060   |   036-031

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]•   | ]•-042-049-016-016-077   |
057-070-061-005-019
b]]077-042-049-016-016-056-077
c]*   |      10]002-061   |    *170   10
*050-070-013-063-038
d]   |]042-063-060   |
008-070-060
*036-031

Comments
Malia Document Sets, II: Palace 1
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
a & b: for the repeated signgroup 042-049-016-016-077, see Notes to Sign 016.
a1: CHIC: the second 016 is over 056. JGY: the first sign after the break is probably 077; since 042 is always an initial, the long signgroup should be divided thus: ]   , to resemble line b; see Notes to Sign 042.
a2: since 061 is always a terminal, the signgroup should be divided thus: 057-070 and 005-019 (see Notes to Sign 061). For signgroup 057-070-061, see Transaction Terms. The signgroup 005-019 is hapax legomenon, but it may recur in #079.a.
b: CHIC: probable accident after the second 077. JGY: probably not -- the second 077 was written deliberately small to accommodate another mark, perhaps 10; see Notes to Sign 042.
c1: as duplicated in #113.a, signgroup ] * ]002-061 can be restored as *]* 047-002-061.
c2: logogram *170 is hapax legomenon, but I conjecture that it is similar to 074-075 on #053.c2: a circle enscribing a collected number, a group number. Here, the circle seems to enscribe a tally mark (cf. KN #063.d), perhaps in this case the number 10, which would supply the extra ten implied by the total ]• 20 on MA #113.b2.
c2: for signgroup * 050-070-013-063-038, Notes to Sign 013 suggest that * 013 is logogram *152:    *    050-070   *152   063-038. If so, signgroup 063-038 would be hapax legomenon.
d1: CHIC: the first 060 is over an erasure; and perhaps there is an erasure after 031. JGY: Signgroup ] ]042-063-060 is intact since sign 042 is an initial; cf. 057-023-042-063-060 (#113.d1).
d3: for the signgroup * 036-031, see Notes to Signgroups II: * is probably a misspelling for *.

JGY normalizes #112, following the order established in Malia Document Sets II, Palace 1C
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
c1]*   |047-]002-061   |QE]-VIR2-
c2-3   *050-070   *152TI-RO   BOS
c4-5       10063-038   *170 (= 10? +)   10PA-JA   Group 10 + 10 = 20 ?
a1-3       ]*       |       ]077    042-049-016-016-056-077   |   057-070-061]RU2    A-RO3-KI-KI-KU-RU2   KI-RO-
a4005-019 Rv-SA
b       ]          ]077   042-049-016-016-056-077]RU2    A-RO3-KI-KI-KU-RU2
d1]057-023]KI-TU]
d2       ]   |       ]042-063-060   |A-PA-KO
d3008-070-060A3-RO-KO
d4*036-031SA2-RE

Compare
c1: Linear A: VIR+KA (HT 28a.4; HT 88.1; HT 97a.1; HT 100.1; KH Wc 2029-32, 2106; KH Zb <53>)
c2-3: Linear A: O-TI-RO (HT 93a.6-7 alternative reading)
c4-5: Linear A: PA-JA (HT 41a.4), PA-JA-RE (HT 8b.4; HT 29.2; HT 88.5; ZA 10b.5-6)
a1-3: Linear A: KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 85b.1); cf. KI-KI-NU (HT 88.2); KI-RO ("owed")
a4: Linear A: RU-SA (HT 96a.3)
b2: Linear A: KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 85b.1); cf. KI-KI-NU (HT 88.2)
d1: Linear A: [•]-KI-TA (HT 29.4-5), A-*301-KI-TA-A (TY 3a.7; TY Zb 2), A-KU-TU-*361[ (HT 6a.7), DI-KA-T[ (HT 56a.2 alternative reading), KI-TA-I (HT 123a.1), KU-TU-KO-RE (ZA 8.2), SE-KU-TU (HT 115a.2), [•]-KI-TA, ]*306-KI-TA2 (HT 122b.2)
d2: Linear A: A-PA-KI (KN Zb 40.1)
d3: Linear A: A-RO-KO (KO (?) Zf 7)
d4: Linear A: SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups II)


#113. MA/P Hh (HM 1390 [ÉM, H. 22]), bar with 4 faces [?] (1.8 x [5.8] x 2.1 cm)
As on the bar (for the transcription of cA-B, cf. #120)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX *   |   [X 047-002-061   |   049-038[
b1••   10   |   [050-070-•-•-019   10   |   057[
b2]•   20   |   ]•-056-077   20   |   073-090
c012-050
cA[042-049-016-016[
cB              ]               ]040-013
dX    |   [X 057-023-042-063-060   |   008-070[

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX *   |X 047-002-061   |
[049-038[
b1••   10   |050-070-•-•-019   10   |
           [           057[
b2]•   20   |]•-056-077   20   |
073-090
cA   /   [012-050   /   042-049-016-016[
cB]]040-013
dX    | X 057-023-042-063-060   |
[008-070[

Comments
Transaction Documents; Malia Document Sets, II: Palace 1
See the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
a1: CHIC: 047 or 073 ?
a2 & b3: the two signgroups [ 049-048[ and •] ]-056-077 appear together on the incised stone libation table, 056-077-049-038-029 on #328.
b1: CHIC: the two illegible signs are perhaps 023-013. JGY: CHIC's suggestion is good, and parallels (see Notes to Sign 013) suggest separating 050-070 as a transaction signgroup.
b2 & d1: the two signgroups beginning with 057 should be transaction terms: see Transaction Terms, and Notes to Sign 042 and Notes to Signgroups XIII.
b3. the sign before 056 is 016; the tips of the horns are visible.
b4. signgroup 073-090 is hapax legomenon.
cA: for the signgroup 012-050, cf. X     X 013-050 *004 (#264.a). The signgroup fills the entire width of the bar, after which the face is divided into two registers.
cA1: for the signgroup [ 042-049-016-016[, compare ] ]077-042-049-016-016-056-077 (#112.b); see Notes to Sign 042.
cB: CHIC: empty space after 013 over an erasure. JGY: the signgroup ] ]040-013 may recur as 019-040-013 (#194), and/or it may recall * 050-070-013-063-038 (#112.c).
d2: the signgroup can be restored as (#112.d2); see Notes to Sign 008.

JGY normalizes #113, adding graphically how cAB appears

sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a1-2X *   |   [X 047-002-061   |   049-038[QE-VIR2-   |   RO3-JA[
b1-2••   10   |   [050-070-•-•-019   10   |   057[-070TI-RO-•-•-SA   10   |   KI[-RO
b3-4]      20   |   ]016   056-077   20   |   073-090]KI   KI-RU2   20   |   KU-
cA: [
----------------------
B:        ]    
012-050042-049-016-016[-077
-------------------------
       ]040   *152
MU-TI   /   A-RO3-KI-KI[-RU2       ]RO2   BOS
dX       |   [X 057-023   042-063-060   |   008-070[-060X KI-TU   A-PA-KO   |   A-RO-[KO

Compare
a1: Linear A: VIR+KA (HT 28a.4; HT 88.1; HT 97a.1; HT 100.1; KH Wc 2029-32, 2106; KH Zb <53>)
a2: Linear A: RU-JA (KN Wc 26a), RO-E (PH 24), -RO-AU-TA- (KO (?) Zf 2), I-RU-JA (HT 7a.2); cf. -RA/E/I-JA endings & -JA-RA/E endings
b1: Hieroglyphic: RO-RE-SA (#054e, #056aA), RO-ZE-SA (#298b.2)
b2: Linear A: KI-RO ("owed")
b4: Linear A: KI-RO ("owed")
c1: Linear A: ]-TA-NU-MU-TI (KN Za 10)
c2: Linear A: KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 85b.1); cf. KI-KI-NU (HT 88.2)
d1: Linear A: ]-KI-TA (HT 29.4-5), A-*301-KI-TA-A (TY 3a.7; TY Zb 2), A-KU-TU-*361[ (HT 6a.7), DI-KA-TU[ (HT 56a.2 alternative reading), KI-TA-I (HT 123a.1), KU-TU-KO-RE (ZA 8.2), SE-KU-TU (HT 115a.2), ]-KI-TA, ]*306-KI-TA2 (HT 122b.2)
d2: Linear A: A-PA-KI (KN Zb 40.1)
d3: Linear A: A-RO-KO (KO (?) Zf 7)


#114. MA/P Hh (HM 1393 [ÉM, H. 25]), bar with 4 faces [?] (1.7 x [2.7] x 1.7 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]••[   >< ]•-070-007-•[
b]•[   >< ]070-013-•[
c]••[]•-•[
d]••*[   >< ]•-•-057-023[

Comments
Malia Document Sets, II: Palace 1
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
b: the signgroup corresponds to * 050-070-013 (#112.c2-3); see Notes to Sign 013.
c: CHIC: perhaps ]057-023[ (cf. the following face), but perhaps an initial X between the two signs.
d: CHIC: perhaps ]•-040-057-023[, but ]•-030-057-023[ is not entirely impossible. JGY: after the surviving signgroup ]••*[ there should be ; see #112.d1 and #113.d1. Also see Transaction Terms, and Notes to Sign 042 and Notes to Signgroups XIII.

JGY normalizes

sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]••[   >< ]•-070-007-•[]•-RO-MI-•[
b1-2]   050-]070   *152TI-]RO   BOS
b3-4*[       10063[038   *170 PA[-JA *170 = group number = 10?
c]••[]•-•[]•-•[
d]••   *[    ]•-•    057-023[   042-063-060]•-•   KI-TU[   A-PA-KO

Compare

a: Linear A: if > RI-MI-SI, RU-MI-[, WI-RA-RE-MI-TE, ]MA-RE-RI-MI-DE[; if < MI-RU-TA-RA-RE, ]KI-MI-RA2[
b1-2: Linear A: A-TI-RU (ZA 4a.3), O-TI-RO (HT 93a.6-7 alternative reading), U-TA-RO (HT 116a.1), WI-TE-RO (HT 25b.6), ]-RO-NI (HT 26b.2 alternative reading), *034-TI-RI- (KN Zc 6); cf. -RA/E/I-JA endings & -JA-RA/E endings
b3: Linear A: PA-JA (HT 41a.4), PA-JA-RE (HT 8b.4; HT 29.2; HT 88.5; ZA 10b.5-6)
d1-2: Linear A: ]-KI-TA (HT 29.4-5), A-*301-KI-TA-A (TY 3a.7; TY Zb 2), A-KU-TU-*361[ (HT 6a.7), DI-KA-TU[ (HT 56a.2 alternative reading), KI-TA-I (HT 123a.1), KU-TU-KO-RE (ZA 8.2), SE-KU-TU (HT 115a.2), ]-KI-TA, ]*306-KI-TA2 (HT 122b.2)


Set of Transaction Documents: #112, #113, #114
#114#112#113
c1. ]* a1. X *
a. ]••[ a2. [
b. ] [* = 10 c2.-3. (Group=10?) 10 (total: 20) b1. •• 10
a1-2. ]*
a3.-4. b2. [
b3. ] 20
b4.
c. ]•• [ c.
b. ] cA. [
cB. ]
d. ] •• * [ d1.-2.    ] d1. X
d3. d2. [
d4. *

#114#112#113
c1. 047-]002-061 a1. X 047-002-061
a. ] •-070-007-•[ a2. 049-038[
b. 050-]070 *152 063[-038 *170 = 10 c2-3. 050-070 *152 063-038 *170 (Group=10?) 10 (total: 20) b1. 050-070-•- •-019 10
a1-2. ]077 042-049-016-016-056-077
a3-4. 057-070-061 005-019 b2. 057[-070
b3. ]016 056-077 20
b4. 073-090
c. ]•- • [ c. 012-050
b. ]077 042-049-016-016-056-077 cA. 042-049-016-016[
cB. ]040 *152
d. ] •- • 057-023[ 042-063-060 d1-2. 057-023   ]042-063-060 d1. X 057-023 042-063-060
d3. 008-070-060 d2. 008-070[-060
d4. 036-031

Set of Transaction Documents: Comments

Transaction Document: see the notes to KN #059.
Document #113 may record the original assessment (20), or a complex arrival of at least two commodities in quantities of 10 and 20; document #112 seems to deal with just the 10, which KN #059 (and MA #108) record as actually 11. Document #114 may deal in some way with the remaining commodities.
The signgroup * 047-002-061 on both documents is also otherwise unattested. The Linear A equivalent VIR+KA occurs several times: HT 28a.4, HT 88a.1, and HT 97a.1; KH Wc 2029-2032, and 2106; and KN Zb <53>.
The second part of #113 (faces c & d), and presummably the comparable section of at least #112.b & d, contains a different type of text: only signgroups and no numbers.
In the Linear A documents signgroup VIR+KA occurs with KI-KI-NA (HT 88.1 & .2) and with seal impessions made by a lentoid (or disk) carrying two antithetic goat heads (CMS V Suppl. 1A, no. 158) on KH Wc 2029-2031 and 2106; VIR+KA occurs at Khania with other seal impressions, and the seal with two goat heads stamped roundels incised with other inscriptions (mostly vessel types) - the pairing of the word and the motif is not exclusive. Nonetheless, the occurrence of VIR+KA with signgroups containing the rare doubling KI-KI and with seal impressions containing two goat heads, as in the Hieroglyphic signgroup 042-049-016-016-077, seems hardly fortuitous.
An interesting comparison is with Linear A document HT 85 whose heading contains A-DU *638 VIR. Side A contains a list of names with numbers adding to a total KU-RO 66. Side B begins with the word KI-KI-RA-JA and then lists eleven names, each with a single unit (is 11 a coincidence? see the related Hieroglyphic document #059).


#115. MA/P Hh 1392 (HM 1392 [ÉM, H. 23]), bar with 4 faces [?] (1.3 x [2.9] x 1.3 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a] >? ]035-053-034
b]•]•-013-060
c] vacat]vacat
d] vacat]vacat

Comments

Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
a: The signgroup is hapax legomenon.
b: CHIC: Perhaps traces of an erasure. JGY: For the signgroup, compare X X 060-013 (#059.bA1). This signgroup may also be one where the medial is to be separated as logogram *152, and 060 is part of a transaction term like KO2-RO3 (#099a).

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a] >? ]035-053-034]SU-JA-TA
b*   060-049   *152[KO2-RO3   BOS[
c, d] vacant]vacant ]vacant

b: or: ]• ]•013-060, ]•-MU2-KO2

Compare
a: Linear A: ]SU-*065-TA[ (KN 22a), JA-SU-MA-TU (SY Za 2a), SI-MI-TA (HT 96a.2-3)
b: Linear A: cf. KI-RO ... BOS (HT 30.4)


#116. MA/P Hh (07) 05 (HM no. unknown [ÉM, H. 24]), bar with 4 faces [?] (1.9 x [2.7] x 1.9 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]   |    vacat]070   |    vacat
b]vacat ]vacat
cdeest deest
d]••]••

Comments

Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a]   |    vacat]070   |    vacat ]RO   |    vacat
b]vacat ]vacat ]vacat
cdeest deest deest
d]••]••]••


#117. MA/P Hh (HM no. unknown), bar with 4 faces [?], in 2 fragments (3.1 x [3.8(+) 2.5] x 2.4)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a]*[   ]* >< ]055-020[   ]011-040
bdeest ] deest
c] vacat [   ] vacat [] vacat [   ] vacat [
d] vacat [   ] vacat [] vacat [   ] vacat [
e•[ •[

Comments

Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
Transaction Document
a: CHIC: mark before sign 055, perhaps a separation bar.
a1: for the signgroup, cf. X <-- * >< X <-- 020-011-010-068 (#272.g).
a2: for the signgroup, compare X +[   ] 703 X 042-033-011 055+[ ] 703 (PE He 01.A-B). For the second sign to be 040, the hull needs to be read upside down to the bullface 011; in most cases, however, the boat sign is rightside up to other naturalistic signs. c: CHIC: traces of an erasure.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration normalization
a]*[   ]* >< ]055-020[   ]011-040]KE-AI[   ]SI-RO2
bdeest ] deest
c] vacat [   ] vacat [] vacat [   ] vacat [
d] vacat [   ] vacat [] vacat [   ] vacat [
e•[ •[


#118. MA/P Hh (HM 1388 [ÉM, H. 20]), bar with 4 faces []
As on the bar
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a      10   * 1    1[   ]    * 1056-070   *159 10Λ    *171 1Γ    *172 1 [   ]     *153 1Γ
b    1    2040-057   *177 1Γ   *173 2Δ
c 4    20    240*155 4ΛΔ   *156 20Λ    *179 240
d 1    1*161 1   *162 1

CHIC normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a 10056-070*159 10Λ
* 1*171 1Γ *171 1Γ
1[   ] *172 1 [   ]
* 1*153 1Γ
b 1040-057*177 1Γ
2*173 2Δ
c 4*155 4ΛΔ
20*156 20Λ
240*179 240
d 1*161 1
1*162 1

Comments

Transaction Documents; Malia Document Sets, II: Palace 1: The first list (face a) gives a total (KU-RO), while the second list presents deficits (KI-RO2).
Bar not pierced.
a: The list of commodities follows the standard order.
b-d: The commodities are listed in reverse order, implying also a retrograde reading for the heading <-- 057-040.
c3: logogram *179 resembles an upsidedown Hieroglyphic fraction like Δ, Θ, or an upsidedown Linear A fraction *704 E or *705 F -- compare Linear A JA-KU-TI E 240 (KN 1).
For the total (list a: 13 Λ 2Γ plus list b-d: 269 2Λ 2Δ Γ = 282 3Λ 2Δ 3Γ), the following values for the fractions (Λ = 1/2, Δ = 1/3, Γ = 1/6) yields a total assessment of 285, if we restore a3: 1[], *172 1[Γ].

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a 10056-070*159 10Λ KU-RO*159 10 1/2
a2* 1*171 1Γ*171 1 1/6
a3 1[] *172 1 [Γ] *172 1 [1/6]
a4* 1*153 1Γ GRA 1 1/6
b1+d2 1057-040*162 1KI-RO2*162 1
d1 1*161 1*161 1
c3 240*179 240*179 240
c2 20*156 20Λ VIN 20 1/2
c1 4*155 4ΛΔFIC 4 1/2+1/3 = 5/6
b2 2*173 2Δ*173 2 1/3
b3 1*177 1Γ*177 1 1/6

Compare
a1. Linear A: KU-RO ("balance," "total")
b1. Linear A: KI-RO ("owed")
c3. Linear A: JA-KU-TI E 240 (KN 1)


#119. MA/P Hi 01 (HM 1378 [ÉM, H. 30]), tablet (7.6 x 2.7 x 1.6 cm)
As on the tablet
r.   [    ]      49050-057-056   [    ]   073-049-013   49
l. i.042-056-035
v.068-009-056-050-070

CHIC normalizes
r1.   [    ]050-057-056   [    ]
r2.   49073-049-013   49
l. i.042-056-035
v.068-009-056-050-070

Comments
Malia Document Sets, II: Palace 1
r2: Appendix XVII.A suggests that sign 013 is logogram *152.
l. i.: For the signgroup, Inflection Sequence 6. Placed on the end of the bar, this signgroup should be the primary heading.
v: Notes to Sign 068 suggest that 068 is a terminal, and, if so, the signgroup should be read retrograde; and Notes to Signgroups XVI suggests separating 009-056.

JGY normalizes and reorders the lines
l. i.042-056-035A-KU-SU
r1.   [    ]050-057-056   [    ] TI-KI-KU
r2.      49 073-049   *152   49KU-RO3   BOS   49
v.<--    070-050-056   009-068RO-TI-KU   A2-Rv

Compare
v: Linear A: RU-I-KO (HT 24a.4); A-RI (PH 6.1, PH 6.3), A-RU (HT 9a.5-6, 9b.2-3; HT 49a.6)


#120. MA/P Hi 02 (HM 1379 [ÉM, H. 27]), tablet ([5.3] x 3.1 x 1.9 cm)
As on the tablet
r.A   |    [073-049-013   |    050[
r.B*[038-031-025-073[
l. i.   [016   [
v.AX    |    008-019-013   |    
v.B   |    050-057-056   |    
v.A-B                      300                      300

CHIC normalizes
r.A1   | 073-049-013   |
r.A2       [       050[
r.B*[038-031-025-073[
l. i.      [016      [
v.AX    |    008-019-013   |    
v.B   |    050-057-056   |    
v.A-B                      300                      300

Comments
Malia Document Sets, II: Palace 1
Transaction Document
r.A, v.A: Appendix XVII.A & F suggests that 013 is probably logogram *152 BOS.
r.A: CHIC: 049 and 013 are possibly over an erasure. JGY: CHIC's normalization of [ 050[ implies that it is the logogram *176[, but since it occurs after a separation line, it should start another signgroup, perhaps [ 050[-057-056 (see v.B).
r.B: CHIC: 038-031-025 100[ equally possible. JGY: compare 038-031-010-061 (#270.g) and ** >< 019-039-038-031 >< (#303.g), which suggest that either *[ 025-073[ could start a signgroup or stand for 100 *025 100. For signgroup 038-031-025, Linear A provides AU-RE-TE.
v.A-B: The separation bar between v.A-B and v.A & v.B implies a signgroup and/or logogram that precedes 300; since the number could be higher by several hundreds more but not by tens or units, it should be denoted ] 300. Perhaps the commodity being recorded here is *016, especially if BOS is modified by the signgroup on both lines v.A & probably r.A, and if 025 is associated with the number 100.
v.A: See Inflection Sequence 5a1.
v.B: The signgroup is a hapax legomenon.

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
r.A      |    [073-049   *152   |    050[-057-056KU-RO3     BOS    |    TI[-KI-KU
r.B      100[038-031   *025   100[JA-RE   TE   100
v.AX       |     008-019   *152   |     050-057-056A3-SA   BOS     |     TI-KI-KU
l. i.+v.A-B                   [   ]300               *016    [   ]300               CAP    [   ]300

Compare
r.B: Linear A: AU-RE-TE (KH 6.7)
v.A1: Linear A: A-SE *319 (HT 132.1); JA-SA-MU (ZA 15a.6); cf. A-SA-SU-MA-I-SE BOS (GO Wc 1)


Malia, Town (Ville)


#121. MA/V Hh (MASM 90-107/1-2.1), bar with 4 faces [?], from "north of the Sanctuary with Horns" about 120m west by southwest of the main palace, inventoried 1990 (1.9 x [2.6] x 1.9 cm)
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
aX [X 041[
bdeestdeest
c]*[]013[
d]*]049

Comments
Malia Document Sets, II: Palace 1
Since the pierced end of the bar is not preserved, sides a/c are arbitrarily labeled.
d: the original signgroup may have been 056-049, KU-RO

JGY normalizes
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
aX [X 041[X WA (TELA)[
bdeestdeest deest
c           ]*[           ]*152[           ]BOS[
d                   ]*                   ]049                   ]RO


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Comments, corrections, questions: John Younger (jyounger@ku.edu)