Hieroglyphic Sealstones and Seal Impressions

a web edition with commentary

inaugural date: 2 January 2005; last update: 16 December 2016


Comments, corrections, questions: John Younger (jyounger@ku.edu)


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Notes
For best viewing results, widen this webfile to at least 25 cm.

In the commentary (not in the headings), CHIC documents (numbers preceded by #) in bold (e.g., #225) are sealstones or impressions.

In the "normalizations" (phonetic readings) suggested below, the phonetic identifications of the Hiero signs are based on Notes on the Signs, a separate study of the individual signs, their resemblances to Linear A/B signs and the patterns of their use in Hiero. The phonetic values of signs in black are considered certain; those in red are considered probable; and those in green are considered possible. With green values, sometimes only the consonant is guessed and the syllable is then rendered as in the following Kv.

A raised asterisk after the syllabogram indicates the reading is doubtful (e.g., *), similarly for the underlined transnumeration and normalization (e.g., 042 A).

CHIC uses scroll brackets {} to enclose what they see as meaningless decoration. JGY often reads them as meaningful and incorporates them into the inscription.

In this catalogue the seals in CMS VI (Ashmolean Museum) present their sides in the CHIC order but number them according to the CMS publication (except CMS VI 102, whose sides are not individually treated).


SEAL IMPRESSIONS (#123-#179), SEALSTONES (#180-#331), AND ADDITIONS SINCE CHIC


SEAL IMPRESSIONS

#123 KN Imp Cres (CMS II 8.90) on HMs 172 (Crescent, #027)

impressiontransnumeration
>< 092-058 ><

Comments
CHIC: 2 identical impressions on the crescent.
For the signgroup, cf. ]* ]070-058[ on #055.

#123 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
>RU-PU A-RI-PA (PE 2.3), A-RE-PI-RE-NA (ZA Zb 3.2), RU-PI[]-*305-MI (PE 2.2)
<PU-RU PU-RA2 (HT 28b.3-4; HT 117a.2), ]PU2-RA2 (ZA 6.6), ]PU2-RE-JA (ZA Zb 34)


#124 KN Imp Cres (CMS II 8.89) on HMs 206 (Crescent, #013) with #167

impressiontransnumeration
>< X 040-029-029 ><

#124 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
RO2-MA-MA cf. NA-MA-MA-TI-TI-*319 (HT Zd 155)


#125 KN Imp Dir-Obj (CMS II 8.84) on HMs 657 (direct-object sealing; JW: "molar" [OJA 7 (1988) 25])

impressiontransnumeration
* 0 042-052-034-045 0

Comments
See Notes to Sign Groups: Appendix X.
Since 042 is always initial, it is the order of the rest of the signs that is in doubt.

JGY normalizes

* 042-052-045-034 or possibly
* 042-034-045-052

#125 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-NE-ZE-TA
or
A-TA-ZE-NE
 


#126 MA/M Imp DoN on HMs 1052 (nodulus, DoN); from Mu V 5, SE corner

impressiontransnumeration
X >< X 036-047-009-056-062 ><

Comments
CHIC: 2 identical impressions on the nodulus.
For the signgroup, 009-056, see Notes to Signgroups App. XXXII, which suggests a separation here. #126: JGY normalizes, beginning with sign 009, and reading counterclockwise; the initial X may be misleading, as the Linear A parallel to the complete group of signs strongly suggests:

X 009-056-062 X 036-047
#126 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A2-KU-NA X SA2-QE A-KA-NU-ZA-TI (KN Zc 7)


#127 MA/M Imp DoN on HMs 1053 (nodulus, DoN); from Mu V 5

impressiontransnumeration
>< 062-040 ><

Comments
The signgroup also appears on MA/M #171; cf. 042-040-049 0 (MA/M #129).

#127 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
>NA-RO2
<RO2-NA
NI-RA (HT 23b.1)


#128 MA/M Imp DoN on HMs 1057 (nodulus, DoN); from Mu III 3b

impressiontransnumeration
* 0 008-053-017 0

Comments
Mallia Document Sets, I: Mu, Medallions
CHIC: 3 holes (made by the stylus?) between the signs.
For the signgroup, compare >< 053-008 >< (#187); since 008 is an initial only (see Notes to Signs), the signgroup begins with that sign and goes either forward or backwards. JGY normalizes

* 008-053-017
or
* 008-017-053
#128 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<A3-JA-AU

>A3-AU-JA

<A-JA (SY Za 2d); cf. A-TA-I-*301-WA-JA (O Za 2.1; IO Za 3; IO Za 4?; IO Za 7; KO Za 1a; PK Za 12.a; SY Za 2a; SY Za 3; TL Za 1a)
 


#129 MA/M Imp DoN on HMs 1079 (nodulus, DoN); from Mu III 14, NW corner

impressiontransnumeration
0 042-040-049 0

Comments
See Inflection Sequence 5a3.
Compare

042-040-053 072-041 (#309.b)
X [ X 036-040-049[ (#191)
>< 062-040 >< (127, #171)

Since 042 is an initial, the signgroup begins with that sign and goes either forwards or backwards.

JGY normalizes

042-040-049 or
042-049-040
#129 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<A-RO2-RO3
>A-RO3-RO2
A-RU-RA-[•] (HT 11a.1)


#130 MA/M Imp DoN on HMs 1087 (nodulus, DoN); from Mu III 17

impressiontransnumeration
* 0 052-054-038 0

JGY normalizes (according to the Linear A parallels, below)

* 038-054-052
#130 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<NE-Dv-JA
Dv-JA-NE
JA-NE-Dv

>JA-Dv-NE
Dv-NE-JA
NE-JA-Dv
 
 
A-DI-NE[ (KH 83.1), A-DU-NI-TA-NA (ARKH 5.1); cf. A-DU (HT 85a.1; HT 86a.4: HT 88.1: HT 92.1-2; HT 95b.1; HT 99a.1: HT 133.1-2; ZA Wc.a1-2); WA-DU-NI-MI (HT 6b.1-2; HT 85b.4-5)


#131 MA/M Imp DoN on HMs 1101 (nodulus, DoN); from Mu IV 13, NW corner

impressiontransnumeration
036-092

#131 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
SA2-RU SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)


#132 on HM no. unknown (jug handle [III/329]); from one of the ateliers

impressiontransnumeration
X 0 X 008-056-070 0

Comments
For A3-KU-RO, cf. 022-056-070-061 VIR4 KU-RO- (#071) and something similar on #059.dB.

#132 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A3-KU-RO KU-RO ("balance," "total"), A-KI-RO (ARKH 4b.4)


#133 PYR Imp Pot on HMp 1096 (vase handle; Ferrara, Weingarten, & Cadogan 2016, 85, 86 fig. 4, 94 Inscription 3) from Pyrgos, surface over Street VIII

impressiontransnumeration
{curved object} 0 070-028-041 {curved object} 0

Comments
The "decoration" is a curved object, perhaps a dolphin and perhaps related to 026 or 003.
For the signgroup, see Notes to Sign 028: a slight variation of this signgroup recurs on documents. Compare:

[ 028-049-041-003[ (#053.aA, #060.a)
[ 028-041[ (MA/P #102)
JGY normalizes
028-070 041-003

#133 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KU2-RO TELA VIR4 KU-RO ("balance," "total"); cf. TELA+KU & TELA+*312 (HT 39.3 & .4)


#134 KN Imp S-HN on HMs 159 (CMS II 8.56; S-HN), from Kamares Pit (MM IA context)

impressiontransnumeration
042-019

Comments
CHIC: Undoubtedly part of A-SA-SA-RA-NE 042-019-019-095-052 vel sim.

#134 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-SA<-SA-RA> A-SA-SA-RA (common)


#135 SAM Imp Round: CMS VS 1B 326 on Sam. M MB/EE 7 (roundel)

impressiontransnumeration
042-019

Comments
CHIC: 4 identical impressions on the roundel.
CHIC: Undoubtedly part of A-SA-SA-RA-NE 042-019-019-095-052 vel sim. (cf. Matsas 1991, p. 171-172).

#135 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-SA<-SA-RA> A-SA-SA-RA (common)


#136 SAM Imp Round: CMS VS 1B 325 on Sam. M MB/EE 775k (roundel)

impressiontransnumeration
042-019

Comments
CHIC: 4 identical impressions on the roundel, and 4 other impressions that are not Hieroglyphic, of which 3 are different (CMS V, Suppl. 1B, 322-324).
CHIC: Undoubtedly part of A-SA-SA-RA-NE 042-019-019-095-052 vel sim.

#136 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-SA<-SA-RA> A-SA-SA-RA (common)


#137 SAM Imp DoN: CMS VS 1B 327 on Sam. M MB/EE 769 (nodulus, DoN)

impressiontransnumeration
042-019

Comments
CHIC: Linear A (?) inscription of 3 signs engraved on one of the other two faces.
CHIC: Undoubtedly part of A-SA-SA-RA-NE 042-019-019-095-052 vel sim.

#137 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-SA<-SA-RA> A-SA-SA-RA (common)


#138 ZA Imp Doc: CMS II 7.215 on HMs 35/1-3 (2SSN document sealing)

impressiontransnumeration
X {shell, arcs} X 044-005

#138 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")


#139+#156 KN Imp DoN: CMS II 8.80 & 74 (respectively) on HMs 107 (nodulus, DoN)
#139
impressiontransnumeration
X X 009-077-013-020

#156
impressiontransnumeration
X X 009-056-061

Comments
Knossos Document Set 2.
#139. The signgroup also occurs incised on #003.g.
#156. The signgroup also occurs incised on #018.a; also see Inflection Sequence 6b.

#139 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
#139. A2-RU2-MU2-AI JA-RU-MA-NE (PH 7a.3), JA-RE-MI (HT 87.3)
#156. A-KU- JA-KU (MA 2b.2), JA-KU-TI (KN 1a.1-2)


#140 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.64 on HMs 174 (crescent)

impressiontransnumeration
{} 044-{013}-005

Comments
CHIC: The impression appears on crescent #018, q.v., and with impression #158.
CHIC: The signgroup appears in both impressions on the crescent and is also incised on the crescent's face g. The combination 044-005 with an intervening or extra sign/pattern is common (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).

JGY normalizes
044-005 *152

#140 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-Rv BOS ~KI-RO BOS ("owed"); cf. HT 30


#141 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.86 on HMs 182 (crescent, #023)

impressiontransnumeration
{quadruped} >< 063-031 {quadruped} ><

Comments
CHIC: 2 identical impressions on the crescent.

#141 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
PA-RE quadruped PA-RA (HT 128a.1), PA-RA (PH 5a.3); cf. PA-RA-NE (HT 115a.4)


#142 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.75 on HMs 191 (crescent, #024)

impressiontransnumeration
0 018-039-005 0

Comments
CHIC: 2 identical impressions on the crescent.

#142 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<RA4-PA3-Rv
PA3-Rv-RA4
Rv-RA4-PA3

>Rv-PA3-RA4
PA3-RA4-Rv
RA4-Rv-PA3

A-RE-PI-RE-NA (ZA Zb 3.2)


#143 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.81 on HMs 194 (crescent, #025)

impressiontransnumeration
-• > 042-• ><

Comments
CHIC: for •, 020 is rather difficult.

#143 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-  


#144 KN Imp Cres : CMS II 8.77 on HMs 198 (crescent, #028)

impressiontransnumeration
] ]044-005

Comments
CHIC: the impression appears on #028.

#144 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
]KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")


#145 KN Imp Cres : CMS II 8.78 on HMs 200 (crescent, #020)

impressiontransnumeration
{} 044-005

Comments
The combination 044-005 with an intervening or extra sign/pattern is common (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).

JGY normalizes
044-005 *153 GRA

#145 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-Rv GRA ~KI-RO GRA ("owed"); cf. HT 15


#146+#147 KN Imp Cres : CMS II 8.87 and 88 on AM 1938.940 (crescent, not in CMS VI)

#146.
impressiontransnumeration
*[ >< 011[ ><


#147.
impressiontransnumeration
{}044-005

Comments
The combination 044-005 with an intervening or extra sign/pattern is common (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).
For the association of KI-RO with logogram SI, see HT 30 & 34.

JGY normalizes
#146. *[ >< 011[ ><
#147. 044-005 *175

#146 & #147 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
#146. SI2 [ logogram; cf. HT 30; HT 34
#147. KO-Rv A ~KI-RO A ("owed"); cf. HT 37


#148 MA/M Imp DoN: II/268+267 on HMs 1054 & 1055 (noduli, DoN); both noduli from Mu III 3b

impressiontransnumeration
>< 011-038-016 ><

Comments
a: The signgroup recurs (in variation) on Knossos documents #042, #057, #061, #072 (see Notes to Signgroups, Appendix I, and the Hieroglyphic Grid, notes to sign 029). Also see Notes to Sign 11, the "Anagram," and cf. * >< 011-038-029 >< (#072.a).

#148 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
>SI2-JA-KI A-SI-JA-KA (HT 28a.1, b.1, heading)
<KI-JA-SI2 cf. JA-KI-SI-KI-NU (ARKH Zf 9)


#149 MA/M Imp Misc No: II 280 on HMs 1090 (misc. nodule; Hallager II); fromMu East Fill

impressiontransnumeration
031-021-061

Comments
The signgroup recurs on another sealstone from Mallia Mu #197, and on a Knossos clay document, ] ]031-021-061 (#059.cB1); cf. Knossos documents 049-021-061 (#050.d), and ] ]049-061 (#063.b1).

#149 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
RE-PI- A-RE-PI-RE-NA (ZA Zb 3.2), and RU-PI[]-*305-MI (PE 2.2) & A-RI-PA (PE 2.3)


#150 MA/M Imp Pot: II/288 on MASM 70 M/H 457 (Anse d'amphore); from Mu ?

impressiontransnumeration
044-049

#150 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#151 PH Imp Doc: CMS II 5.239 on HMs 733 (1SSN? document sealing), Vano 25

impressiontransnumeration
>< 042-053 ><

Comments
CHIC: 3 identical impressions on the sealing.
CHIC: This is the sole inscription in Phaistos's "Deposito delle cretule."
Phonetically, this signgroup, A-JA, may be a spelling variant on (#154, #224.a, #276.a, and #310.d.).
In appearance, this signgroup may be a variant, using another vessel form, on the fairly common signgroup 042-054; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XII.

#151 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-JA A-JA (SY Za 2d)


#152 ZA Imp Doc: CMS II 7.213 on HMs 33 (1SSN document sealing of ZA clay [Hallager 1996, II: 235])

impressiontransnumeration
>< 054-044 ><

Comments
In Linear A values, the signgroup (in retrograde) finds a good parallel (KA-DI) on two tablets from Zakros recording contributions of VIN; on ZA 4 "KA-DI" owes its contribution of 3 units of VIN, but is recorded specially on ZA 15 as having paid it.

#152 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
> DE-KO DA-KA (HT WA 1001-5), DA-KI (HT 6b.5)
< KO-DE KA-DI (ZA 4a.8 & 15b.1), KU-DA (HT 122a.8)


#153 ZA Imp Doc: CMS II 7.214 on HMs 34 (1SSN document sealing)

impressiontransnumeration
•[ >< 054-•[ ><

Comments
CHIC: Perhaps not Hieroglyphic.

#153 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
DE-•[
or
A-]DE

A-DU


#154 MA/P Imp Doc on HMs 1403 (1SRN document sealing)

impressiontransnumeration
>< 042-038 ><

Comments
The same signgroup recurs on #224.a, #276.a, and #310.d; cf. #151.
Phonetically, this signgroup, A-JA, may be a spelling variant on (#151).

#154 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-JA A-JA (SY Za 2d)


#155 HT Imp Hang on HMs 556/1-4, 599 & 600 (S-HN dome)

impressiontransnumeration
>< 054-010 ><

Comments
Phonetically, the signgroup may be related to DA-RI-DA which appears on four HT tablets.

#155 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
>DE-RI DA-RI-DA (HT 10a.4, 85a.2, 93a.7, 122a.7), DI-RE-DI-NA (HT 98a.2-3)
<RI-DE  


#156; see #139. KN Imp DiN: CMS II 8.74 on HMs 107 (nodulus, DiN), impressed with both #139 (q.v.) and #156


#157 KN Imp Cres/Doc: CMS II 8.82 on HMs 132 (crescent, on leather), along with 3 impressions (not H): CMS II 8.39, 117 & 353

impressiontransnumeration
{} 044-049

Comments
The combination 044-049 with an intervening or extra sign/pattern is common (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).

JGY normalizes
044-049-catface
CMS II 8.39 (man), 117 (object), & 353 (running deer)

#157 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-RO3 MA ~KU-RO ("balance," "total"); cf. KU-RU-MA (HT 115b.3), ]KU-MA-RO (HT 96a.5), DI-DI-KO-RA-ME[-]TA2 (ZA 11a.1)


#158 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.65 on HMs 174 (crescent, #018), along with #140

impressiontransnumeration
X {*} X 044-005

Comments
CHIC: Between 044 and 005 appears sign 065; cf. #174 and #278. CHIC: the signgroup 044-005 appears both in the two impressions and incised on face g, q.v.

JGY normalizes
* 044-005 065

#158 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-Rv * ~KI-RO ("owed")


#159 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.63 on AM/<HM> 1910.207/<175> (crescent, #005), along with #160 (made by another face of the same prism?)

impressiontransnumeration
] ]044-049

Comments
CHIC: Does this impression come from the same seal as impressed #160 ?

#159 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
]KO-RO3


#160 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.62 on AM/<HM> 1910.207/<175> (crescent, #005), along with #159 (made by another face of the same prism?)

impressiontransnumeration
]* >< ]028-020-041 ><

Comments
CHIC: Does this impression come from the same seal that impressed #159 ? For the signgroup, cf. X X 062-020-028 (#303).

#160 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
>]KU2-AI-WA ]KO-A-DU-WA (TY 3a.6)
<WA-AI-KU2[ -A-JA-KU (KN Zf 13)


#161 KN Imp Cres/T-HN: CMS II 8.83 on HMs 178.b (crescent/T-HN, #007)

impressiontransnumeration
044-049

#161 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#162 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.67 on HMs 179 (crescent)

sidetransnumerationtransnumeration
g.X 038-010-031

Comments
CHIC: The impression appears on the flat base of the crescent (along with another impression [male head], not Hieroglyphic); the other two sides carry nothing. For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#162 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)


#163 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.68 on HMs 181 (crescent, #022)

impressiontransnumeration
>< 042-070-038

Comments
CHIC: 2 identical impressions on the crescent.
Possibly the same seal impressed #168.
For the signgroup, cf. 070-038 (#270.a; doubts about authenticity), and see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#163 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-RO-JA A-RI-JA[ (PH 28a.3)


#164+#176 KN: HMs 185, Imp Cres/Doc, is impressed with #164 (CMS II 8.79) and #176 (CMS II 8.66). #164, by itself, also impressed HMs 195 (1SRN, document sealing).

#164.
impressiontransnumeration
* >< 038-049-013-077 ><

#176.
impressiontransnumeration
X [ X 019-047[

Comments
CHIC: also impression #176 on the crescent, and no incised inscription.
#164. See Notes to Signgroups, App. IV.A and Notes to Signs, App. XVII.B. The signgroup may be similar to 038-017-049-034 (#021.g). The signgroup on #164 in retrograde finds a close Linear A parallel.

#164 & #176 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
#164. <JA-RO3-MU2-RU2 ]JA-RU-MA-NE (PH 7a.3), JA-RE-MI (HT 87.3)
#176.SA-QE[ SA-QE-RI (HT 11b.4-5)


#165 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.76 on HMs 192 (crescent, #011), along with #166

impressiontransnumeration
] ]044-005

#165 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
]KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")


#166 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.73 on HMs 192 (crescent, #011), along with #165

impressiontransnumeration
056-047-031

Comments
The signgroup ( 056-047-031 [#166]) recurs incised on a document, #032.a1, and in the following variants: 063-047-031 (#052.a2), and 047-070-031 (#058.b1), which also recurs undoubtedly as [ 047-070-031 (#020.d). The occurrence of 061 before 031 on #052.a2 strongly suggests that this last sign is the logogram *174. In #032, both X 056-047 *174 and 057-047-061 occur, suggesting abbreviations for <> 056-<070> and <> 057-<092>; the Linear A parallels for the signgroup here, however, suggests otherwise.

JGY normalizes

056-047-031
or
056-047 *174

#166 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KU-QE-RE
 
KU-QE RE
KE-KI-RU (HT 94b.2), KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 86b.1), QA-QA-RU (HT 93a.4-5), QA-KU-RE, QE-KU-RE (HT 20.2-3; HT Wc 3017)
KA-QA (PK 1.1)


#167 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.71 on HMs 206 (crescent, #013), along with #124; and HMs 1611 (crescent, #015)

impressiontransnumeration
>< 049-070-070 ><

Comments
The signgroup is a hapax legomenon, but cf. 056-070-070/040

#167 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
RO3-RO-RO A-RU-RA-[•] (HT 11.1-2), RA2-RO-RE (ZA 10b.5)


#168 KN Imp Cres: CMS II 8.72 on HMs 207 (crescent), along with another on #026

impressiontransnumeration
[ >< 042-070[ ><

Comments
Possibly the same seal impressed #163.
For the signgroup, see Notes to Signs, App. XVII.G.

#168 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-RO-[  


#169 KN Imp DirObj: CMS II 8.69 on AM 1938.1153 b (jar stopper, not in CMS VI), along with #170

impressiontransnumeration
038-010-031

Comments
CHIC: 2 identical impressions on the sealing, perhaps a third.
CHIC: Do these impressions come from the same seal that impressed #169 ?
For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#169 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)


#170 KN Imp DirObj: CMS II 8.70 on AM 1938.1153 b (jar stopper, not in CMS VI), along with #169

impressiontransnumeration
044-049

Comments
CHIC: 2 identical impressions on the sealing.
CHIC: Do these impressions come from the same seal that impressed #169 ?

#170 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#171 MA/M Imp DoN: II/270 on HMs 1080 (nodulus, DoN); from Mu III 17

impressiontransnumeration
>< 062-040 ><

Comments
The signgroup also appears on MA/M #127; cf. 0 042-040-049 0 (MA/M #129).

#171 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<NA-RO2
>RO2-NA
<NI-RA (HT 23b.1)
 


#172 MA/M Imp Cres: II/276-279 on HMs 1083 (along with impression R30: PT 39A, L: dog attacks quadruped), 1084, 1085 & 1088 (crescents), all from Mu III 16

impressiontransnumeration
>< 010-092-028 ><

Comments
See Notes to Signs, 028, which suggest that 028 "seems to be (almost?) always an initial, followed, almost invariably, by Rv".

JGY normalizes

< 028-092-010

#172 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<RI-RU-KU2
>KU2-RU-RI
KA-RE-RO (HT Wc 3003)


#173 MA/M Imp DirObj: II/283 on HMs 1086 ([door] peg sealing); from Mu III 17

impressiontransnumeration
057-034-056

Comments
See Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV, and Inscriptions on Sealstones.

#173 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KI-TA-KU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV


#174 PK Imp Pot: HMp 4815 (disk-shaped weight, pierced with 2 holes)

impressiontransnumeration
{} 044-005 or 044-{065}-005

Comments
CHIC: Between 044 and 005 appears sign 065; cf. #158 and #278.
CHIC: An incised double ax (ca 2,5 x 3,2 cm) on the same side of the weight.
Signgroups 044-005 and 044-049 commonly appear on sealstones with an extra or intervening sign (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).

JGY normalizes

*175
044-005 *065

#174 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A
KO-Rv
~KI-RO ("owed")


#175 PYR Imp Pot: CMS II 6.231 (amphora handle; Ferrara, Weingarten, & Cadogan 2016, 85, 87 fig. 6, 94 Impression 5), Pyrgos, Cistern 2 (period Pyrgos III-IV [MM III-LM I] context), inscription retrograde

impressiontransnumeration
*--•?-•? >< 042-019-•?-•? ><

Comments
CMS provides no drawing and states that only sign 019 is visible, but the drawing in CHIC and the photograph in CMS makes it probable that the first sign is 042. There is room on the seal for only four signs, probably 042-019-019-095 A-SA-SA-RA vel sim.

#175 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-SA-SA-RA A-SA-SA-RA (common)


#176 -- see #164.


#177 KN Imp DiN: CMS II 8.120 on HMs 354 (nodulus, DiN), along with another impression

impressiontransnumeration
] ]*156

Comments
CHIC: Second impression, not Hieroglyphic (CMS II.8.52, cross with a leaf in each quadrant), on the verso.

#177 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
]VIN VIN (common


#178 KN Imp Doc: CMS II 8.57 on HMs 363 (document sealing?)

impressiontransnumeration
]**[ 0 ]042-049-050[ 0

#178 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
]A-RO3-TI[
or
]A-TI[-RO3[
A-TI-RU (ZA 4a.3), A-TA-RE (ZA 8.1)


#179 KN Imp Doc: CMS II 8.29 on HMs 372 (document sealing?)

impressiontransnumeration
| -•[ 042-019 | 019-•[

#179 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-SA-|-SA-RA[-NE? A-SA-SA-RA (common)


SEALSTONES

Shapes

3CPr = three-sided prism with circular faces
3EPr = three-sided prism with elliptical faces
4RPr = four-sided prism with rectangular faces
amygdaloid = biconvex in section, elliptical faces
cushion = biconvex in section, rectangular faces
disc = biconvex in section, circular faces
Petschaft = lathed stamp signet, 1 face


#180 CR S: HM/Coll. G. 3454 (CMS III 103; Petschaft of steatite)

inscriptiontransnumeration
0 044-049-050-056 0

Comments
CHIC: This may be separated as either 044-049 050-056 or 044-049 056-050.
050 is frequently a terminal (see Notes to Signs), implying that >< 044-049-056-050 is possible.
On HT 85.5, 6 TE-KE is followed (one word later) by KU-RO[; KU-TU-KO-RE on ZA 8.2 suggests a reversal of the two pairs of signs (cf. PO-TO-KU-RO, which puts KU-RO at the end of a signgroup).

JGY normalizes

044-049 050-056
or
056-050-044-049

#180 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-RO3 TI-KU
or
KU-TI-KO-RO3
TE-KE ... KU-RO[ (HT 85.5, 6)

KU-TU-KO-RE (ZA 8.2)


#181 CR (?) S: CMS VII 255 (Petschaft of green jasper)

inscriptiontransnumeration
X X 038-010

Comments
For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#181 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
JA-RI signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)


#182 CR (?) S: CMS X 53 (Petschaft of a metalliferous material)

inscriptiontransnumeration
0 056-025-029-011 0

Comments
See Notes to Signs, App. IIA, suggesting a retrograde reading, but there are 8 possible arrangements, for 4 of which there are Linear A parallels.

#182 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<KU-TE-MA-SI2
TE-MA-SI2-KU
MA-SI2-KU-TE
SI2-KU-TE-MA
 
 
 
SE-KU-TU (HT 115a.3)
>SI2-MA-TE-KU
MA-TE-KU-SI2
TE-KU-SI2-MA
KU-SI2-MA-TE
 
 
PI-TA-KA-SE (HT 21.1-2); PI-TA-KE-SI (HT 87.2)
WI-JA-SU-MA-TI-TI- (HT Zd 157), ]SA-MA-TI (HT 39.3)


#183 CR (?) S: CMS XII 101 (Petschaft of green jasper)

inscriptiontransnumeration
X >< X 038-070-011 ><

Comments
Notes to Signs, App. IIA, suggests a different order, but Linear A parallels exist for orthograde and retrograde readings.

#183 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<JA-RO-SI2 A-RE-SA-NA (THE Zb 2), A-RI-SU (HT 118.3-4)
>SI2-RO-JA PA-SA-RI-JA, HT 24a.4


#184 CR (?) S: CMS XII 102 (Petschaft of brown jasper)

inscriptiontransnumeration
X X 044-013-070

Comments
Signgroups 044-005 and 044-049 commonly appear on sealstones with an extra or intervening sign (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII); 044-070 may be a variant.

JGY normalizes

X X 044-070 *152

#184 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-RO BOS ~KU-RO BOS ("balance," "total"); cf. HT 30 (with KI-RO)


#185 S: lost (Petschaft of green jasper, known from a drawing)

inscriptiontransnumeration
X >< X 070-056-057-011 ><

Comments
CHIC: The smaller hieroglyphic signs (049 and 092) (ÉM, p. 15) are ordinary filling motifs.
The arrangement of the signs is circular; for the reading; the X could be just another small filling element. For a retrograde reading, cf. 050-057-056 (#119.r1, #120.vB).
The resemblance between this signgroup and 044-049-050-056 (#180) is striking.

JGY normalizes into 4 possibilities

070-056-011-057
or
070-056-057-011
or
056-070 057-011
or
056-070 011-057

#185 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
RO-KU-SI2-KI
RO-KU-KI-SI2
KU-RO KI-SI2
KU-RO SI2-KI
A-DA-KI-SI-KA (KH 5.1-2), JA-KI-SI-KI-NU (ARKH Zf 9)
A-RA-KO-KU-*333- (*333 ~ bull face) (KO (?) Zf 2)
Kv-Sv, common ending
A-SI-KI-RA (KH 20.2), SU-KI-RI-TA (PH Wa 32; cf. HT Zb 158b)


#186 KALO HORIO S: CMS VI 125 (AM 1938.932; CS no. 138) (Petschaft of burnt silicate)

inscriptiontransnumeration
X 0 X 028-061-049-047 0

Comments
The initial X is minuscule.
If 061 is a terminal, the signgroup(s) might be read clockwise from 028. The Linear A parallels may be versions of the same word: HT Wc 3017, a roundel, records QA-KU-RE, DI-*306, CYP+D, *304+PA 5 seal impresions, and HT 94 includes KE-KI-RU, *318-*306, CYP, KA-PA, and a "balance," "total" (KU-RO) 5.

JGY normalizes

028-047-049-061

#186 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KU2-QE-RO3- KE-KI-RU (HT 94b.2), KI-KI-RA-JA (HT 86b.1), QA-QA-RU (HT 93a.4-5), QA-KU-RE, QE-KU-RE (HT 20.2-3; HT Wc 3017)


#187 MA S: HM/Coll. G. 3344 (CMS III 27; Petschaft of rock crystal)

inscriptiontransnumeration
>< 053-008 ><

Comments
For the signgroup, compare * 008-053-017 (#128); since 008 is an initial only (see Notes to Signs), the signgroup begins with that sign.

JGY normalizes
008-053

#187 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
>A3-JA A-JA (SY Za 2.d); cf. A-TA-I-*301-WA-JA (O Za 2.1; IO Za 3; IO Za 4?; IO Za 7; KO Za 1a; PK Za 12.a; SY Za 2a; SY Za 3; TL Za 1a)


#188 MA/Mu S: II/242 (HM 2465; Petschaft of black steatite)

inscriptiontransnumeration
* 044-049

#188 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#189 MA/M S: II/243 (HM 2526; Petschaft of black steatite); from Mu IV 8

inscriptiontransnumeration
][ >< ]042-054[ ><

#189 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
]A-DE[ A-DE (ZA 10b.4), A-DU (HT 85a.1), JA-DI (PH Wc 39); see Notes to Signgroups, App. XII.


#190 "MESARA" S: CMS IV 131 (Petschaft of brown stone)

inscriptiontransnumeration
* >< 019-057-029 ><

Comments
Compare #038.a: X X 019-077-029, and see Notes to Signgroups, App. XX.

#190 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<SA-KI-MA  
>MA-KI-SA ]MI-KI-SA-NE (ARKH 1a.6)


#191 MOCHLOS S: CMS II 2.249; Petschaft of blue chalcedony

inscriptiontransnumeration
X *[* X 036-040-049[

Comments
Compare

0 042-040-049 0 (#129)
042-040-053 072-041 (#309.b)

And see Notes for Sign *012, App. XVII, which suggests [ 036-049 040 [.

#191 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
SA2-RO2-RO3[ SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)


#192 <NEAPOLIS> S: CMS VI 126 (AM AE.2327 [metal Petschaft])

inscriptiontransnumeration
X 0 X 019-013-040 0

Comments
See Inflection Sequence 5a1.
And see Notes for Sign *012, App. XVII, which suggests 019-040 *152

#192 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
SA-RO2 BOS SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)


#193 ZIROS S: CMS VI 124 (AM 1938.936; CS no. 139; Petschaft of green jasper)

inscriptiontransnumeration
0 016-019-056 0

Comments
Six combinations are possible, but only the one above has a Linear A parallel.

#193 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<KI-SA-KU A-DA-KI-SI-KA (KH 5.1-2, heading); cf. JA-KI-SI-KI-NU (ARKH Zf 9)


#194 CR S: CMS VI 146 (AM 1938.925; CS no. 140; amygdaloid of "chalcedony")

inscriptiontransnumeration
X X 044-005

#194 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")


#195 CR (?) S: CMS VII 41 (amygdaloid of green jasper)

inscriptiontransnumeration
038-010-031

Comments
For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#195 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)


#196 GORTIS S: CMS VI 145 (AM 1910.236; CS no. 141; amygdaloid of chalcedony)

inscriptiontransnumeration
X {} X 019-061

Comments
Compare ] ]062-019-061 (#028.g).
The "decoration" is a catface.
Since 061 is always terminal, the signgroup should read starting with the two outside signs (X ).

JGY normalizes
X X 019-catface-061

#196 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
SA-MA- SA-MA (HT 6b.5-6, 10a.1, 52a.1; ZA 10b.3-4); cf. SA-MA-TI (HT 39.3), SA-MA-RO (HT 88.5-6)


#197 MA/M S: II/241 (HM 2390; amygdaloid of black steatite); Mu Bldg B

inscriptiontransnumeration
X 031-021-061

Comments
The signgroup recurs on another sealstone from Mallia Mu #149, and on a Knossos clay document, ] ]031-021-061 (#059.cB1); cf. Knossos documents 049-021-061 (#050.d), and ] ]049-061 (#063.b1).

#197 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
RE-PI- A-RE-PI-RE-NA (ZA Zb 3.2), and RU-PI[]-*305-MI (PE 2.2) & A-RI-PA (PE 2.3)


#198 MIRABELO S: CMS VI 141 (AM 1938.920; CS no. 132; amygdaloid of chalcedony)

inscriptiontransnumeration
>< 070-073 ><

#198 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<RO-KU RO-KE (HT 98a.4)
>KU-RO KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#199 MA/M S: CMS II 2.112 (cushion of ivory)

inscriptiontransnumeration
[ 070[

Comments
CHIC: The sealface undoubtedly carried only two signs. JGY: the original signgroup, therefore, was probably the transaction term KU-RO spelled like 056-070 (#118.a1), 028-070 (#133), 047-070 (#286.b), or 073-070 (#198) -- other two-sign signgroups also exist (e.g., 070-038 [#270.a], 006-070 [#268.g], and 070-061 [#298.b]).

#199 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
<RO[ RO-KE (HT 98a.4)
>KU-]RO KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#200 MA S: CMS II 2.227 (cushion of sardonyx)

inscriptiontransnumeration
* >< 029-041-056-038-077 ><

Comments
CHIC: 038-077: the sequence of the two signs is not assured.
An initial X separates .
These two observations lead to several options for reading:

1. <* 029-041-056-038-077, or gt;* 077-038-056-041-029
2. <* 029-041-056-077-038, or gt;* 038-077-056-041-029
3. < X * 029 X 041-056-038-077, or gt;* X 077-038-056-041 X 029
4. < X * 029 X 041-056-077-038, or * X 038-077-056-041 X 029

For orthograde readings of options 2 & 4, the pair of signs, * 056-077 KU-RU2, seems to be terminal:
]* *] 077 042-049-016-016-056-077 ]RU2 A-RO3-KI-KI-KU-RU2 (#112.b)
]•* ]•-056-077 KU-RU2 (#113.b2)
-* -094-034-056-077 049-038-029 -E-SI-KU-RU2 RO3-JA-MA (#328)

This last inscription, #328, provides a comparison with option 4:
X * >< 029 X 041-056-077-038 ><
-* 094-034-056-077-049-038-029 (#328)

The best parallel in Linear A, however, is option 2 retrograde, and it suggests separating the signgroup thus:
* 038-077 056-041-029 JA-RU2 KU-WA-MA

#200 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
1. <MA-WA-KU-JA-RU2
>RU2-JA-KU-WA-MA
KO-JA (HT 119.2); A-RU (HT 9a.5-6, 9b.2-3; HT 49a.6); JA+RU (HT 6a.3)
2. <MA-WA-KU-RU2-JA
>JA-RU2-KU-WA-MA
 
A-RU (HT 9a.5-6, 9b.2-3; HT 49a.6); JA+RU (HT 6a.3). KU-RA/U-MU/A (HT 115b.3, 117a.2-3)
3. <MA X WA-KU-JA-RU2
>RU2-JA-KU-WA X MA
KO-JA (HT 119.2)
4. <MA X WA-KU-RU2-JA
>JA-RU2-KU-WA X MA
 
-A-JA-KU (KN Zf 13), JA-KU (MA 2b.2)


#201 CR (?) S: CMS XI 73 (cylinder of black steatite)

inscriptiontransnumeration
X •• X 042-019-•-•

Comments
CHIC: to see 019-095 (vel sim.) in this is not entirely impossible. JGY: no, it's impossible.

#201 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
A-SA-SA-RA A-SA-SA-RA (common)


#202 ARKH S: CMS II 1.394 (diskoid of ivory), from Phournoi Rm III (MM I context), placed by Yule in his Archanes Script Group, MM IA-IB (Sbonias 1995, 107-13)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.042-019
b. * 019-095-052

#202 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.-b. A-SA-SA-RA3-NE A-SA-SA-RA-NE (common)

.a: 042-019; .b: 019-095-052


#203 KN S: CMS VI 13 (AM 1938.929; CS no. 95; discoid of green steatite), placed by Yule in his Archanes Script Group, MM IA-IB (Sbonias 1995, 107-13).

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.042-019
b. 019-095-052

#203 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.-b. A-SA-SA-RA3-NE A-SA-SA-RA-NE (common)

.a: 042-019; .b: 019-095-052


#204 MA/M S: CMS II 3.151 (amygdaloid of brown-olive green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X * X 038-034-066

Comments
The signgroup may be related to several others; see Notes to Signgroups, App. IVA.

#204 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.JA-SI-* JA-SI (KN Zb 4; cf. PK Za 12c), JA-SI-E (KE Zb 4)


#205 CR S: CMS VII 35 (cushion of agate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a1.042-019
a2. 019-095-052

Comments
JGY: a1 and a2 are 2 separate panels divided by a line
CHIC: a2: X after 052.

#205 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a1-2. A-SA-SA-RA3-NE A-SA-SA-RA-NE (common)


#206 CR S: HM/Coll. G. 3082 (CMS III 149; cushion of agate)

CHIC: as on the cushion

sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a. | | *308 | *309 | *307 | *302 Koppa | San | Σ | &Delta
b. | *155 | *156 FIC | VIN

Comments
CHIC: Cf. #291, #292. JGY adds: KN CMS II 3.23 (below, additions).
See Notes to Signgroups, App. XV.

JGY normalizes:
sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
b2+a1+a2. *156 *308 *309 VIN Koppa San
b1+a4+a3. *155 *302 *307 FIC Δ Σ


#207 MA/N S: CMS II 1.420 (half-cylinder of ivory)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X **[ X 092-073[
b. 044-049

#207 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. RU-KU[ RO-KE (HT 98a.4)
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#208 AVDOU S: CMS II 2.220 (3EPr of black steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049

#208 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#209 CR S: HM/Coll. G. 3232 (CMS III 233; 3EPr of olive green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.] ]044-049

#209 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.]KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#210 CR S: HM/Coll. G. 3289 (CMS III 231; 3EPr of olive green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049

#210 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#211 CR S: HM/Coll. G. 3579 (CMS III 232; 3EPr of olive green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X X 044-049

#211 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#212 CR S: CMS VI 30 (AM 1910.232; CS no. 72; 3EPr of yellow steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 038-010

Comments
For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#212 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
JA-RI signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)


#213 CR S: CMS VI 26 (AM 1938.774; CS no. 97; 3EPr of dark brown steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
c. 044-049

#213 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
c. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#214 CR S: CMS XI 299 (3EPr of brown steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 038-010

Comments
For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#214 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. JA-RI signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)


#215 CR (?) S: CMS VI 29 (AM 1938.748 (CS 73; 3EPr of yellow steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b. 044-049

#215 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#216 CR (?) S: CMS VII 28 (3EPr of creme and green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049

#216 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#217 CR (?) S: CMS IX 22 (3EPr of gray-yellow steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b. 044-049

#217 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#218 CR (?) S: CMS IX 23 (3EPr of brownish steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
g. 038-010-031

Comments
For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#218 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
g. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)


#219 CR (?) S: CMS XI 10 (3EPr of dark brown steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b.X 044-049

#219 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#220 CR (?) S: CMS XI 11 (3EPr of brown steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049

#220 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#221 CR (?) S: CMS XI 81 (3EPr of light olive green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b. 044-049

#221 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#222 S: CMS XI 331 (cast of a 3EPr of hard stone)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.dog in PT 15, L  
b. >< 042-019-070-009 ><

Comments
b: CHIC: or >< 042-019-009-070.
b: From the arrangement of the signs it is clear that 042-019 belong together and in that order, and that and 009 and 070 also belong together but the order on the seal is not clear - sign 009, however, is always an initial (see Notes to Sign 008), implying two separate signgroups. Compare, however, the signgroup on #061.c which should be read retrograde: < * 009-019-070; and compare X 042-019-031 (#301.d).
If the entire signgroup is not some bad spelling error for A-SA-SA-RA, and if the signgroups therefore really are separate, 042-019 009-070, there are parallels for the second signgroup: >< 042-070-038 >< #163; and [ >< 042-070[ >< #168. This may imply then that 042-019 is short for A-SA-SA-RA.
c: CHIC: face c is missing.

JGY normalizes

b1. <> 042-019<-019-095>
b2. 009-070

#222 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b1. A-SA<-SA-RA> A-SA-SA-RA (common)
b2. A2-RO A-RU (HT 9a.5-6, 9b.2-3; HT 49a.6)


#223 CR (?) S: CMS XII 83 (3EPr of green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
g. 044-049

#223 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
g. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#224 CR (?) S: CMS XII 84 (3EPr of creme steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a] >< ]042-038 ><

Comments
a. The same signgroup recurs on #154, #276.a, and #310.d; cf. #151.

#224 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.]A-JA A-JA (SY Za 2d); cf. A-JA-KU (KN Zf 13), A-JA-[ (PK Za 18), ]A-JA[ (PE Zc 4)


#225 CR (?) S: CMS XII 93 (3EPr of red & burnt agate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. >< 068-009-011 ><

Comments
CMS: "Quasi hieroglyphs".
Notes to Sign 068, App. XXIX, suggests that it is a terminal, and Notes to Sign 009 suggest it is an initial; sign 011 is probably to be separated as a logogram (cf. X X 013-056-068 [#002]).

JGY normalizes

a. >< 009-068 *011 ><

#225 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.=? A2-Rv SI2 A-RI (PH 6.1, 3), A-RU (HT 9a.5-6, HT 49a.6)


#226 LASITHI S: CMS VI 88 (AM 1910.233; CS no. 99; 3EPr of white steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
c. 044-049

#226 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
c. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#227 LITHINES S: CMS II 2.277 (3EPr of honey brown steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049

#227 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#228 <MA> S: Dessins Demargne 1939 (3RPr of greenish steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b. 038-010

Comments
For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#228 in AB values
b.JA-RI signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)


#229 MA S: CMS II 2.230 (3EPr of pale agate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. {decoration} 036-092

Comments
CHIC: A 3rd sign represents a waterbird according to CMS, or, according to SM p. 18 : "a seated human figure (SM no. 2); behind it, some enigmatic lines represent perhaps a palmette."

#229 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. SA2-RU SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)


#230 S: Photos Chapouthier (3EPr of green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.{}{073} 044-049

Comments
Signgroups 044-005 and 044-049 commonly appear on sealstones with an extra or intervening sign (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).

JGY normalizes a. 044-049 *073

#230 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 KU ~KU-RO ("balance," "total"); cf. HT 39: KU-RO KU; HT 11: KU-RO KA


#231 MA/M S: CMS II 2.100 (3EPr of yellowish steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049

#231 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#232 MA/M S: CMS II 2.103 (3CPr of gray green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.]* >< ]049 ><

Comments
JGY: very likely ]* 044-]049

#232 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-]RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#233 MA/M S: CMS II 2.116 (3EPr of clear brown steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049

#233 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#234 MA/M S: CMS II 2.168 (3EPr of black and orange conglomerate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a >< 017-050 ><

016 is also possible


#235 MA/M S: HM 2750 (3EPr of white steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b.X 044-049

Comments
CHIC: face b broken away.

#235 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#236 MA/V S: CMS II 2.78 (3EPr of dark blackish steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X X 012-070-048

#236 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.MU-RO- MU-RU (HT 3.4); cf ]MU-RU (HT 46a.1)


#237 MIRABELO S: CMS II 2.269 (3EPr of olive green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049

#237 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#238 MOHLOS S: CMS V 25 (3EPr of gray green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.057-034-056

Comments
See Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV, and §06f. Inscriptions on Sealstones.

#238 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.KI-TA-KU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV


#239 PRESOS S: CMS VI 87 (AM AE.1191; CS no. 70; 3EPr of white steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
c.** 038-010-034

Comments
CHIC: badly worn; in the center, 036 less than likely.
Since the 3rd sign is certainly not , and the signgroup is therefore not , it may instead more resemble that on #021.g: 038-017-049-034; cf. Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#239 in AB values

signgroupLinear A
JA-RI-SI A-RI-SU (HT 118.3-4)


#240 SITIA S: HM/Coll. G. 3111 (CMS III 230; 3EPr of "chalcedony")

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b.{} {001} 044-049

Comments
Signgroups 044-005 and 044-049 commonly appear on sealstones with an extra or intervening sign (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).

JGY normalizes
a. 044-049 *001

#240 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KO-RO3 VIR ~KU-RO ("balance," "total"); cf KU-RO VIR (HT 25, 27, 85, 88, 89?, 94, 100, 102, 119, 122, 127)


#241 SITIA S: CMS VI 96 (AM AE.1194; CS no. 172; 3EPr of pale cornelian)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
c.X **• X 094-036-•

Comments
CHIC: These "signs" are very dubious.

#241 in AB values
signgroupLinear A
E-SA2-•  


#242 CR S: HM/Coll. G. 3427 (CMS III 227; 3EPr of rock crystal)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. >< 056-059 ><
b. 038-010-031

Comments
b. For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#242 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.<KU-MA

>MA-KU
-KU-MI-NA, DA-KU-MI-NE, KO-MU, KU-MA-*065, KU-MI-NA-QE, KU-MI[, ]KU-MA-RO, ]KI-MI-RA2[, KU-ME-TA
ME-KI-DI, MA-KA-I-SE/TA, MA-KA-RI-TE, MI-KI-SE-NA, MI-KA[, ]-PU-MA-KU[
b. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)


#243 CR S: CMS XI 12 (3CPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.bird, one wing displayed, stands R, regardant  
b. 0 006-057-092 0
g. >< 057-023 ><

Comments
b: see Notes to Sign 041, App. VI, which suggests that CHIC's reading is correct; compare:

]X 290 ]X 057-092-061 290 (#052.b)
] 105 ]006-057-092 105[ (#063.a1)
0 006-057-092 0 (#243.b)

There are, however, 6 possible arrangements for the signgroup, and Linear A provides parallels for 3 of these.

#243 in AB values
sidesigngroupsigngroupLinear A
b.








<

>NWA-KI-RU
KI-RU-NWA
RU-NWA-KI

<RU-KI-NWA
KI-NWA-RU
NWA-RU-KI

KA-RO-NA (HT 11a.2), I-KU-RI-NA (HT 90.1)
U-NA-RU-KA-NA-TI (PK ZA 11)

U-NA-RU-KA-NA-TI (PK ZA 11)
g.>KI-TU
<TU-KI

TE-KI (HT 13.3-4, HT 122a.3), TE-KE (HT 85a.5)


#244 CR (?) S: CMS XII 72 (3EPr of brownish steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049
b. 057-034-056

JGY reorders the faces

b. 057-034-056
a. 044-049

#244 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. KI-TA-KU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#245 CR (?) S: CMS XII 115 (3EPr of rock crystal)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b.•[ 049-•[
g.•[ 029-014-•[

Comments
b. Might this have been < 044-049?

JGY reorders the faces

g. •[ 029-014-•[
b. •[ 049-•[

#245 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
g.MA-I-•[ MA-I-MI (HT 89.2); cf. A-SA-SU-MA-I-SE (GO Wc 1), DU-MA-I-NA (HT 124b.5)
b.>RO3-•[ =? <KO-]RO3 ? ~ KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#246 KRITSA S: CMS VI 27 (AM AE.1771; CS no. 98; 3EPr of brown-black steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-005
b. >< 006-041 ><

Comments
b: The signgroup may be intact or consist of a sign plus logogram (see Notes to Sign 041, App. VI), or, more likely, needs to be reversed (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XVI).

JGY reorders the faces

b. >< 006-041 ><
a. 044-005

#246 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b.>NWA-WA
<WA-NWA
NU-WI (HT 115b.2), I-NA-WA (PH 6.1); cf. poss. NA-WI[ (HT 111b.3)
*305-WA-NA (ZA 6a.1)
a.KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")


#247 MA S: CMS IV 156 (3EPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b. 044-049
g.X {} X 044-005

Comments
Signgroups 044-005 and 044-049 commonly appear on sealstones with an extra or intervening sign (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).
g. The "decoration" is a catface. JGY: And a double-headed pin.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces:
g. X X 044-005 *065 catface
b. 044-049

#247 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. KO-Rv NU? MA ~KI-RO ("owed"); cf. KU-RU-MA (HT 115b.3), ]KU-MA-RO (HT 96a.5), DI-DI-KO-RA-ME[-]TA2 (ZA 11a.1)
g. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#248 PK S: CMS II 2.259 (3EPr of white steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 038-010-031
b. 057-034-056

Comments
b. For the signgroup, see Inscriptions on Sealstones.

#248 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
b.KI-TA-KU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV


#249 SITIA S: Photos et dessins SM I (3EPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 038-010
b. 044-049

#249in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. JA-RI a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#250 ZA S: Camb. FM GR 71.1901 (3EPr of brownish steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-005
g. 038-010-031
JGY reorders the faces

g. 038-010-031
a. 044-005

#250 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
g.JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
a. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")


#251 ARKH S: CMS VI 14 (AM 1938.928; CS no. 96; gable of green steatite), placed by Yule in his Archanes Script Group, MM IA-IB (Sbonias 1995, 107-13).

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b. **019-095-052
c. 042-019
a.** >< 094-038 ><

Comments
CHIC: b: this face was much used.
JGY: b & c: the signgroup is to be read c.-b.: ** 042-019-019-095-052 A-SA-SA-RA3-ME
CHIC: a: the signs are very uncertain, if Hieroglyphic signs they are.

#251 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
c.-b. A-SA-SA-RA3-NE A-SA-SA-RA-NE (common)
a. >E-JA
<JA-E
I-JA (CR Zf 1)
A-I-[ (HT 115b.4)


#252 ARKH S: CMS II 1.393 (gable of ivory), from Phournoi Rm III (MM I context), placed by Yule in his Archanes Script Group, MM IA-IB (Sbonias 1995, 107-13)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 019-095-052
b.042-019
g.*••• 062-•-•-•

Comments
a: 019-095-052
b: 042-019
g: CHIC: "Signs" (?) very uncertain.

#252 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.-b. A-SA-SA-RA3-NE A-SA-SA-RA-NE (common)
g. NA-•••  


#253 CR S: CMS II 2.296 (3CPr of agate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a{} 038-010
b. 044-049
g. 044-005

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

a. 038-010 *012 BOS
g. 044-005
b. 044-049

#253 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. JA-RI MU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
g. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#254 CR S: CMS IV 137 (3EPr of gray and brown jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 010-031
b. 044-005
g. >? 036-092-031 >?

Comments
a: CHIC: Should this be <038>-010-031 (24 examples) ??

JGY reorders the faces

a. 010-031 or <-> <038>-010-031
g. >? 036-092-031 >?
b. 044-005

#254 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.RI-RE
or
<JA>-RI-RE
RI-RU-MA (HT 118.4); cf. RI-RU-MA-TI (PH[?] 31b.4)

A-RI (PH 6.1, 3); A-RI-PA (PE 2.3); A-RI-JA[ (PH 28a.3); A-RI-NI-TA (ZA 8.2-3); A-RI-[ (HT 141.1)
g.SA2-RU-RE SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
b.KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")


#255 CR S: CMS VI 91; AM AE.1777; CS no. 166; 3EPr of burnt silicate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X X 044-036-018
c.X >< X 028-049-042-031-056-036 ><
b.X X 046-044

Comments
a: the signgroup recurs on #300.a.
c: CHIC: SM I p. 251-252 (where one should read P24 instead of P44 (Evans pretends to read [with a magnifying lens] a tiny initial cross before the double ax at a spot where the stone is broken - there is no such thing on the original [thanks to Ann Brown and Nicoletta Momigliano who have inspected the stone at our request, 27 January 1992]).
c: 042 is always an initial; it should start a signgroup which should then read orthograde or retrograde from there; the remaining signs then could also be read orthograde or retrograde; see Notes to Signgroups, App. III, which suggests 036-056-031 042-049-028.
b: The signgroup 046-044 appears only on seals: #257.b, #269.g, #275.b, #302.b, #314.d.

JGY normalizes

a. X X 044-036-018
c1. X X 028-036-056
c2. X 042-049-031
b. X X 046-044

#255 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.KO-SA2-RA4 KA-SA-RU (HT 10b.3)
c1.KU2-SA2-KU JA-KI-SI-KI-NU (ARKH Zf 9), A-DA-KI-SI-KA (KH 5.1-2)
c2.A-RO3-RE A-RU-RA-[•] (HT 11a.1-2)
b.A*301-KO PU-KO (HT 31a.1); cf. A-*301-KI-TA-A (TY Zb 4)


#256 CR S: CMS VI 95 (AM 1910.235; CS no. 173; 3EPr of burnt silicate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.-b.-c. 0 038-043-049 0

Comments
There are 6 possible arrangements for this signgroup, for which Linear A provides 3 parallels; the most likely is the first, A-SA-RA2.

#256 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.-b.-c.




>JA-SO-RO3
SO-RO3-JA
RO3-JA-SO

<JA-RO3-SO
RO3-SO-JA
SO-JA-RO3
<A-SA-RA2 (HT 89.1); cf. SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
PA-SA-RI-JA (HT 25a.4)

<A-RI-SU (HT 118.3-4)


#257 CR S: CMS VI 93 (AM 1938.791; CS no. 174; 3EPr of cornelian)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 038-010-031
b. 036-092-031
c.X X 046-044

Comments
c: The signgroup 046-044 appears only on seals: #255.g, #269.g, #275.b, #302.b, #314.d.

#257 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
b.SA2-RU-RE SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
c.A*301-KO PU-KO (HT 31a.1); cf. A-*301-KI-TA-A (TY Zb 4)


#258 CR S: CMS XI 13 (3EPr of yellow-brown cornelian)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X 038-010
b. 036-092-031
g.X X 044-049

Comments
a, g: CHIC: unusual placement of X (cf. #265).
a. For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#258 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. JA-RI a toponymn related to SA-RA2; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
b. SA2-RU-RE SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
g. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#259 CR (?) S: CMS VI 28 (AM 1938.797; CS no. 101; 3EPr of white steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
c.-a. 044-049
c.-b. 044-005

Comments
JGY: Each face carries one sign; for combining them this way, see #276 + #298, #283 + #297.

#259 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
c.-a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")
c.-b.KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")


#260 CR (?) S: CMS XII 89 (3EPr of red and black jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049
b. {} 038-010
g. 057-034-056

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

b. 038-010 *070
g. 057-034-056
a. 044-049

#260 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. JA-RI KU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
g. KI-TA-KU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#261 CR (?) S: CMS XII 110 (3EPr of burnt silicate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-005
b. 038-010-031
g. 044-049
JGY reorders the faces

b. 038-010-031
a. 044-005
g. 044-049

#261 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b.JA-RI-RE a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
a. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
g. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#262 CR (?) S: CMS XII 117 (3CPr of basalt?)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.{} 036-092{-092}-031
b. {} 038-010-031
g.{} 044-005

JGY normalizes

a. 036-092-031
b. 038-010-031
g. 044-005 *020

#262 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.SA2-RU-RE SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
b.JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
g.KO-Rv AI ~KI-RO ("owed")


#263 CR (?) S: CMS XII 10D (3EPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.* 036-092
b. 038-010-031
g. 044-005

#263 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.SA2-RU SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
b.JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
g.KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")


#264 IRAKLIO S: CMS VI 92 (AM 1938.792; CS no. 167; 3EPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X {} X 013-050 {*004 MUL}
c.{} {} {*152} 044-049 {049}
b.{} {*152} 044-005

Comments
a. For the signgroup, cf. MU-TI (#113.cA).
c+b. Signgroups 044-005 and 044-049 commonly appear on sealstones with an extra or intervening sign (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

a. X X 013-050 *004 MUL
b. 044-005 *152 BOS
c. 044-049 *152 BOS

#264 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.MU2-TI MUL ]-TA-NU-MU-TI (KN Za 10)
b.KO-Rv BOS ~KI-RO ("owed"); cf. HT 30.4+5
c.KO-RO3 BOS ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#265 KASTELI S: CMS VI 94 (AM 1938.796; CS no. 172; 3EPr of burnt silicate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X X 038-010
c.X >? X 043-009 >?
b.X X 036-092

Comments
a, c, b : CHIC: unusual placement of the initial X (cf. #258).
c.: JGY: sign 009 is always an initial (see Notes to Sign 009).

JGY normalizes and reorders the sides

c. X X 009-043
b. X X 036-092
a. X X 038-010

#265 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
c.>A2-SO A-SE (HT 93a.3, 132.1; ZA Zb 3.1; cf. HT 81.1, 115a.4); cf. JA-SI (KN Zb 4, PK Za 12.c)
b.SA2-RU SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
a.JA-RI a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII


#266 KORDAKIA S: Dessins Evans (3CPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-005
b. >< 044-025-049 ><
c. 044-049

Comments
b. JGY: it is common for the seal transaction term 044-049 to embed the logogram in the middle (see Notes to Signgroups); in which case, 044-025-049 should be rearranged: 044-049 *025.
Each face also carries the sign *309 -- a: , b: , c: .
If *309 has meaning here then we should read:

a. 044-005 *309
b. 044-049 *025 *309
c. 044-049 *309 *309

#266 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.KO-Rv *309 ~KI-RO ("owed")
b.KO-RO3 TE *309 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total"); cf. the logogram TE that commonly appears in headings in Linear A with commodities like VIN, GRA, OLE
c. KO-RO3 *309 *309 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#267 KY S: CMS VII 36 (3EPr of yellow agate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 054-010-054
b.X X 036-092
g. X 050-011

Comments
Linear A tablet HT 49 lists probable names, among which are three that may be close to the signgroups on this seal:

a.1. [•]-RA2-DU[
a.4. ]-*315, for which GORILA suggests SA-*315 as an alternative reading (*315 occurs otherwise only in SA-*315 [HT 9a.1, 17.2, 19.2-3, 42[+]59.2; cf. KH 82.3]); the only dissyllabic signgroup SA-• that recurs several times is SA-RA2
a.7. TU-SU-PU2

#267 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.DE-RI-DE DA-RI-DA (HT 10a.4, 85a.2, 93a.7, 122a.7), DI-RE-DI-NA (HT 98a.2-3)
b.SA2-RU SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
g.TI-SI2 TU-SU (PK 1.6-7)


#268 LAKONIA S: HM/Coll. G. 3580 (CMS III 229; 3EPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.{} {070} 044-005
b. {} 038-010 {070}
g.{object} >< 006-{object}-070 ><

Comments
a: Signgroups 044-005 and 044-049 commonly appear on sealstones with an extra or intervening sign (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).
g: CHIC: It is probably not sign 092 in the middle.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

b.   038-010 *070
g. {object} >< flower 006-070 ><
a. 044-005 *070

#268 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. JA-RI RO a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
a.<NWA-RO flower
>RO-NWA
NI-RA (HT 23b.1), DI-NA-RO (HT 108.2)
KA-RO-NA (HT 11a.2), ]-RO-NI (HT 26b.2)
g. KO-Rv RO ~KI-RO ("owed")


#269 LASITHI S: HM/Coll. G. 3373 (CMS III 228; 3CPr of "chalcedony")

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 038-010-031[
b.*[ 049-049[
g.]* ]046-044

Comments
a. For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.
b: JGY: 065 063 also occur, flanking the two 049s; 065, at least, perhaps not as a decorative element: see ] >< ]065-063 (#009.g).
g: JGY: and a dot also occur, perhaps as decorative elements. The signgroup 046-044 appears only on seals: #255.g, #257.b, #275.b, #302.b, #314.d.

JGY normalizes

a. [ 038-010-031[
b. *[ 065-049-049[-063
g. ]*{ dot} ]046-044{ dot}

#269 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. JA-RI-RE[ signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
b. RO3-RO3 -[PA
or
-RO3-RO3-[PA
RO+RO(=*504) (KH Wa 1001g, KH 18.4), RE-RO (HT Wc 3012b), RU-RA2 (HT 11b.1)
A-RU-RA-[•] (HT 11a.1-2), DU-RA-RE (KN Zc 7), KA-RE-RO (HT Wc 3003), MA-RI-RE-I (HT 6b.2-3), etc.
g. A*301-KO PU-KO (HT 31a.1); cf. A-*301-KI-TA-A (TY Zb 4)


#270 LASITHI S: CMS IV 27 D (3EPr of rock crystal)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. >< 070-038 ><
b. 044-049
g. >< 038-031-010-061 ><

Comments
CHIC: There are doubts about the authenticity of the seal (cf. CMS + V. E. G. Kenna, Europa [1967], p. 178, n. 18); I. Pini (25.05.90): technically, it is not bad and could be the work of someone unskilled; L. Godart: forgery, on stylistic grounds; J.-P. Olivier: there are real problems concerning forms and proportions of signs.
a: See 042-070-038 (#163), * 077-038 (#293.a)
g: sign marks the end of a signgroup.

Also compare
100[ 038-031-025 100[ (#120.r.B)
** >< 019-039-038-031 >< (#303.g)
JGY reorders the faces
a. >< 070-038 ><
g. >< 038-031-010-061 ><
b. 044-049

#270 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. RO-JA RU-JA (KN Wc 26a); cf. A-RI-JA[ (PH 28a.3), I-RU-JA (HT 7a.2)
g. JA-RE-RI- A-RU-RA-[•] (HT 11a.1-2); cf. JA-RE-MI (HT 88.3)
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#271 MA S: CMS II 2.244 (3EPr of olive green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.* >< 012-016-062-018 ><
b.* >< 041-031-011 ><
g. >< 060-044-056 ><

Comments
a: The combination, 016-062, probably ends a signgroup. Compare >< 042-066-016-062 >< (#305.a), which, on the basis of my arrangement of #095 (q.v.), is more probably 016-062 *175. And this in turn suggests that >< 006-062-012 >< (#302.g) is either 012-062 *006 or, more likely, 006-062 *012. Thus, I suggest that this signgroup is to be read with the two flanking animal-head signs separated.
b: The signgroup may be intact or consist of a signgroup plus logogram or a string of logograms; see Notes to Sign 041, App. VI. These two signs also occur together on a Mallia lame and another sealstone: ] ]031-041 (#088.a) and X X >< X 041-031-044 X (#307.d). Although the correct order is difficult to determine, Linear A is full of words ending in -RE and several ending in -RE-; I suggest therefore that is a logogram.

JGY normalizes

a. * 016-062 *012 *018
b. * 011-031 *041
g. >< 060-044-056 ><

#271 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KI-NA MU-RA4 KA-NA (HT 23a.1); cf. ]KU-NI[ (HT 29+83.3), ]RI-KA-NE (ARKH 3a.1)
MA+RU (HT 12.4-5, PH 5a.3), ]MA+RU-RE (KH 43.a)
b. SI2-RE WA SI-RE[ (HT 4.2)
g. KO2-KO-KU >< A-RA-KO-KU-*333- (KO(?) Zf 2)


#272 MIRABELO S: CMS IX 21 D (3CPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X 038-010-031
b. >? 036-092-031 >?
g.* >< X 068-010-011-020 ><

Comments
a: CHIC: X between 038 and 010.
g: CHIC: X between 068 and 020. For the signgroup, cf. ]*[ ]* >< ]055-020[ ]011-040 >< (#117.a). For 068 as a terminal, see Notes to Sign 068, App. 29.

JGY normalizes

a. X 038-010-031
b. 036-092-031
g. X < >< X <020-011-010-068

#272 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
b. SA2-RU-RE SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
g.>Rv-RI-SI2-AI
<AI-SI2-RI-Rv
A-RU-RA-[•] (HT 11a.1)
PA-SA-RI-JA (HT 24a.4)


#273 MIRABELO S: CMS X 312 (3EPr of dark green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X >< X 054-005-050 ><
b. >< 019-031-061 ><
g.X >< X 070-005-050 ><

Comments
a, g: CHIC: X between the first two signs; JGY: also, see Notes to sign 013, App. XVII.E, which suggests separating 005 out, leaving a two-sign signgroup plus *005 (= <049>-005 <>).
b: JGY: see Inflection Sequence 6b.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

b. 019-031-061
a. X <> X 054-050 <049>-005
g. X <> X 070-050 <049>-005

#273 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. SA-RE- SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
a. DE-TI <KO>-Rv DA-TU ... KU-RO ... KI-RO (HT 123a.6-9)
g. RO-TI <KO>-Rv cf. JA-DU-RA-TI (KN 1b.1-2), RA-TI-SE (HT 6b.2), [•]-RA2-TI (HT 108.3),]-RE-TI (MA 2b.1)


#274 MIRABELO S: CMS XII 105 (3EPr of burnt silicate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X {} 044-049
b. 044-005
g. 038-010-031

Comments
a: CHIC reads *156 as a design only JGY reorders the faces

g. 038-010-031
b. 044-005
a. X X 044-049 *156

#274 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
g. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
b. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
a. KO-RO3 VIN ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#275 S: cast (3EPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. {*} 038-010
b. 046-044
c.*•[ >< 014-•[ ><

Comments
b: The signgroup 046-044 appears only on seals: #255.g, #257.b, #269.g, #302.b, #314.d.

JGY normalizes

a. * 038-010 *047
b. 046-044
c. •[ >< 014-•[ ><

#275 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. JA-RI QE a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
b. A*301-KO PU-KO (HT 31a.1); cf. A-*301-KI-TA-A (TY Zb 4)
c. I-•[ ><  


#276 PINAKIANO S: CMS IV 135 (3EPr of brown steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. >< 042-038 ><
b. >< 031-006-034 ><
g. 005-044-049

Comments
a. The same signgroup recurs on #154, #224.a, and #310.d; cf. #151.
g. For separating g1, g2, see #298 (cf. #314.h1-q2), and cf. #297 + #283, #259.

g1. 044-005
g2. 044-049

#276 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.A-JA A-JA (SY Za 2d); cf. A-JA-KU (KN Zf 13), A-JA-[ (PK Za 18), ]A-JA[ (PE Zc 4)
b.RE-NWA-TA < ]-TE-NU-RE[ (KH 6.1)
g1.KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
g2. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#277 ZIROS S: CMS IV 29 D (3EPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-005
b. >< 092-019-013 ><
g. 044-049

Comments
b: CHIC: Simple mark (not a sign) between 013 and 019?; JGY reads a dividing line (see Notes to Sign 13, App. XVII.C).

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

b. | >< 092-019 | *152 ><
a. 044-005
g. 044-049

#277 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. RU-SA BOS RU-SA (HT 96a.3); cf. TU-RU-SA (KO Za 1.b-c)
a. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
g. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#278 CR (?) S: CMS XII 111 (4RPr of pale yellow chalcedony)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
g.{} 044-049

Comments
CHIC: Between 044 and 049 appears sign 065; cf. #174 and #278.
g. The combination 044-005 with an intervening or extra sign/pattern is common (see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).

JGY normalizes

g. 044-049 *065

#278 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
g. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#279 CR (?) S: NMA X 565 (4RPr of clear green steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
g. 038-010-031

Comments
For the signgroup, see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII.

#279 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
g.JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)


#280 MA S: HM/Coll. G. 3336 (4RPr of "chalcedony")

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. >< 042-028-005 ><

Comments
a. For A-KU2-Rv, cf. 022-056-070-061 VIR4 KU-RO- (#071) and something similar on #059.dB.

#280in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. A-KU2-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed"), A-KI-RO (ARKH 4b.4)


#281 MA S: CMS IV 128 (4RPr of brown steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b.* 057-034-056

Comments
See Inscriptions on Sealstones.

#281 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b.KI-TA-KU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV


#282 PYR S: HM 2536 (4RPr of steatite; Ferrara, Weingarten, & Cadogan 2016, 84 fig. 3, 91-93, Seal 2) from Pyrgos, West Slope (MM IIB context)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.**{*} >< 008-019-036 ><

Comments a: CHIC: 019 or 011 ?

#282 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. A3-SA-SA2-SA2 A-SA-SA-RA (common)


#283 CR S: CMS VI 100 (AM 1938.793; CS no. 170; 4RPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
c1.X | 044-005 |
c2.X 044-049
b.X X 056-013-058

Comments
b. Notes to Sign 13, App. XVII, suggests identifying 013 as a logogram.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

b. X X 056-058 *152
c1. X X 044-005
c2. X X 044-049

#283 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. KU-PU BOS KU-PA (HT 110a.2; ZA 11a.5), KU-PI (ZA 14.3)
a1. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
a2. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#284 CR (?) S: CMS XII 70 (4RPr of creme steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049
b. 038-010-031

JGY reorders the faces

b. 038-010-031
a. 044-049

#284 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#285 CR (?) S: CMS XII 87 (4RPr of creme steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 029-•
b.]*[]044-049[

#285 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. MA-• cf. MA-DI (HT 3.1 & 7, HT 69.2, HT 85b.5, HT 97a.4, HT 118.1 [heading, with 5. KU-RO]; PH(?) 31a.2)
b.]KO-RO3[ ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#286 MA S: HM/Coll. G. 3581 (CMS III 235; 4RPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 038-010
b. >< 047-070 ><

Comments
b. CHIC: The ziz-zag in the middle looks like filling, not sign 061.

#286 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. JA-RI a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
b.>QE-RO
<RO-QE
cf. KI-RO ("owed"), KU-RO ("balance," "total") (common)


#287 CR (?) S: CMS XII 112 (4RPr of dark brown cornelian)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049
b. >< 070-061-069 ><
d. 044-005

Comments
b. Circles surround sign 070, and 061 appears to divide the two signs; 069 is a rare sign, but it appears with 070 on #038 (057-069-070); 070-061 is a common cluster.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

b. 069-070-061
d. 044-005
a. 044-049

#287 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. RA2-RO- RO+RO(=*504) (KH 18.4, KH Wa 1001g, KH Wa 1002g); RE-RO (HT Wc 3012b); RU-RA2 (HT 11b.1)
d. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#288 MA/V S: HM 2184 (4RPr of white steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.{} 038-010
b.{} 044-005
d. 036-092

Comments
a, b: Signgroups 044-005 and 044-049 commonly appear on sealstones with an extra or intervening sign (see Notes to Signgroups, Appendix VII).
d: JGY: see Appendix II.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

a. 038-010 *092
d. 036-092
b. 044-005 *092

#288 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. JA-RI RU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII JA+RU (HT 6a.3)
d. SA2-RU SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
b. KO-Rv RU ~KI-RO ("owed")


#289 PK S: CMS VS 1B 337 (4RPr of black steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b.]•••*• >< ]•-•-•-056-011-• ><
g.]••[ >< ]•-092-056-034-•[ ><
d. ]•[  ][ >< ]•062[ ]034-010[ ><

Comments
CHIC: very worn.
b: see Notes to Signgroups, App. XV, suggesting a retrograde reading: •-011-056-•-•-•[.
g: cf. (•?)(•?) >< 092-057(•?)034(•?)016-056 >< (#294.d)

#289 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.<•-SI2-KU-•-•-•
>•••-KU-SI2-•

A-DA-KI-SI-KA (KH 5.1-2), PA3-DA-KU-SE-NE (HT 103.2)
some remote possibilities
g.>]•-RU-KU-SI-•[
<]•-SI-KU-RU-•[

A-SI-KI-RA (KH 20.2), SI-KI-RA (HT 8a.4)
d.>]•-NA[ ]SI-RI[
<]RI-SI-[ ]NA-•[

A-RE-SA-NA (THE Zb 2)


#290 SITIA (?) S: CMS I Suppl. 73 (4RPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b. 044-049
g.X X 051-031-005
d. 077-016-033 ><

Comments
g. See Notes to Sign 051, which suggests that 051 here is a logogram similar to A #312.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

g. X X 051-031-005
d. >< 077-016-033 ><
b. 044-049

#290 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
g. KI3/A*312-RE-Rv KA-RE-RO (HT Wc 3003), RE-RO (HT Wc 3012.b); cf. A-RU 1 • 1 *312 1 (HT 49a.6)
d.>RU2-KI-A*47
<A*47-KI-RU2
RI-KA-TA (HT 146.4), RI-QE-TI- (PO Zg 1)
KU-RO ("balance," "total"), A-KI-RO (ARKH 4b.4)
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#291 CR S: CMS II 2.315 (4RPr of black steatite) as on the prism, reading each face top to bottom:

sideinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a. lizard    
b. | * *157 | *308 *157 | Koppa
g. | *155 | *307 FIC | Σ
d. | *302 | *309Δ | San

Comments
CHIC: Cf. #206, #292. JGY adds: KN CMS II 3.23 (below, additions).
See Notes to Signgroups, App. XV.
b. CHIC: rendered like 038 ?

JGY normalizes:
sideinscription transnumeration normalization
b1+b2+d2. * *157 *308 *309 *157 Koppa San
g1+d1+g2. *155 *302 *307 FIC Δ Σ


#292 GOUVES S: CMS II 2.217 (4RPr of yellow-white marble)

sideinscription transnumeration normalization
a. 042-019- A-SA-
b. *309 *307San Σ
g.* -019-095-052-SA-RA-NE
d. *308 *302Koppa Δ

Comments
CHIC: Cf. #206, #291. JGY adds: KN CMS II 3.23 (below, additions).
See Notes to Signgroups, App. XV.

JGY normalizes:
sideinscription transnumeration normalization
a+g.*042-019-019-095-052 A-SA-SA-RA-NE
d1+b1.< / > <*156 / *157> *308 *309<VIN / *157> Koppa San
d2+b2.<> <*156> *302 *307<FIC> Δ Σ


#293 ADROMILI S: CMS II 2.256 (4RPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.* >< 077-038 ><
b. 038-010-031
g. 042-054-061
d. 044-049

Comments
a: See 042-070-038 (#163), 070-038 (#270.a).
g: CHIC: The "cross" (after the decorative motif) is not meant to be an initial; JGY: but it may have indicated something "first," perhaps that this is the first side to be read.

JGY normalizes, reorders the faces (g, a, b, d), and compares seal #303.
#293#303
g. X X 042-054-061b. 042-054-061
a. * >< 077-038 >< a. X X 062-020-028
b. 038-010-031g. >< 019-039 038-031
d. 044-049d. 044-049

#293 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
g. A-DE- A-DE (ZA 10b.4), A-DU (HT 85a.1), JA-DI (PH Wc 39); see Notes to Signgroups, App. XII.
b. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
a.>RU2-JA
<JA-RU2
RU-JA (KN Wc 26a); cf. A-RI-JA[ (PH 28a.3), I-RU-JA (HT 7a.2)
A-RU (HT 9a.5-6, HT 94a.6)
d. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#294 CR S: NMA 8915 (4RPr of white steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X (•?)(•?) X 025-049(•?)040(•?)
b. X * X 059-057-014-041-019-047-070-092-019-044-050-019-028-056
g1. X** •-056-061-077
g2. X •-• X 025-025-•-•
d.(•?)(•?) >< 092-057(•?)034(•?)016-056 ><

Comments
CHIC: Re: reading this document, see CHIC p. 15 on duplicating signs.
b: The problem is how to split this long string of signs into signgroups. The following parallels suggest five basic divisions:
X *
[X 019-047[ (#176)
047-070 >< (#286.b)
047-070-031 (#058.b1)
092-019-013 (#277.b)
050-019 >< (#297.a)
]*-•[]050-019-038-•[ (#033.a)

A phonetic rendering of the signgroup and parallels clarifies these divisions:
X MA-KI-I-WA-SA-QE-RO-RU-SA-KO-TI-SAKU2-KU
SA-QE[X 019-047[ (#176)
QE-RO 047-070 >< (#286.b)
QE-RO-RE047-070-031 (#058.b1)
RU-SA BOS092-019-013 (#277.b)
TI-SA050-019 >< (#297.a)
]TI-SA-JA-•[]050-019-038-•[ (#033.a)

The result:
X *
X MA-KI-I-WA SA-QE-RO RU-SA KO-TI-SA KU2-KU

For these five signgroups, some Linear A parallels can be adduced (see below).
g: Sign * 061 is large and spans the entire height of the row (cf. #034, #040), probably to separate the signs thus: g1-2: X • * * •
g2: Somewhat similar dotted blobs appear in g1; if the signgroup is * 025-025-077, then perhaps it is related to 053-053-077 (#047.a); see Notes to Signgroups, App. IX.
d: See Appendix XVIII: 092-056-034 016-056; and cf. ]• •[ (#289.g)

JGY normalizes

a. X X 025-049-040
b1. X X 059-057-014 *041
b2. 019-047-070
b3. 092-019
b4. 044-050-019
b5. 028-056
g1. X •* * X •-056-061 *077
g2. X •• X 025-025-•-•
d1. (•?) >< 092-057-(•?)-034 ><
d2. >< 016-056 ><

#294 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. X TE-RO3-RO2 MI-RU-TA-RA-RE (HT 117a.45-), ]SI-TU-RA2/RI-RE (HT 3.4)
b1. X MA-KI-I-WA MA-KA-I-SE/TA (PK 1.8)
b2. SA-QE-RO O-SU-QA-RE (TL Za 1), SA-QE-RI (HT 11b.4-5)
b3. RU-SA RU-SA (HT 96a.3); cf. TU-RU-SA (KO Za 1.b-c)
b4. KO-TI-SA [•]-TI-SA (HT 31.1); cf. the endings -TA-SE, TU-SU, -TI-SE
b5.KU2-KU cf. KU-KU-DA-RA (HT 117a.7)
g1. X •-KU-* RU2 cf. JA-KU (MA 2b.2), KA-KU (HT 62+73.3)
g2. X TE-TE-•• JA-NA-KI-TE-TE-DU-PU2-RE (PK Za 8.a, PK Za 15) & A-DI-KI-TE-TE-[• (PK Za 11.a-b); cf. *312-TE-TE (HT 26a.1); [TE-TE-[ (ZA 23.1)
d1.>RU-KI-•-SI
<SI-KI-RU

SI-KI-RA (HT 8a.4), A-SI-KI-RA (KH 20.2), SU-KI-RI-TA (PH Wa 32), SU-KI-RI-TE-I-JA (HT Zb 158.b)
d2.<KI-KU
>KU-KI
KA-KI (HT 37.1 & 5)


#295 CR S: CMS II 2.316 (4RPr of dark gray jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049
b.X X 029-077-049
g.X * X 057-034-056
d.X {} 044-005 Catface/*080
a: CHIC: Place for X in the lacuna. JGY: the inscription ends with *309 San g. See Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV, and Section 06f. Inscriptions on Sealstones.

JGY reorders the faces

b. X X 029-077-049
g. X * X 057-034-056
d. X 044-005 catface
a. 044-049 *309

#295 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. MA-RU2-RO3 MA-RI-RE-I (HT 6b.2-3)
g.KI-TA-KU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV
d. KO-Rv MA ~KI-RO ("owed")
a. KO-RO3 *309 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#296 CR S: CMS VI 104 (AM 1889.998; CS no. 148; 4RPr of cornelian)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.>< 028-007-018 ><
c. >< 053-038-039 ><
b. 044-049
d. 057-034-056

Comments
a: compare 050-007-018 (#314.g)

JGY reorders the faces

a. >< 028-007-018 ><
c. >< 053-038-039 ><
d. 057-034-056
b. 044-049

#296 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.>KU2-MI-RA4
<RA4-MI-KU2
]KI-MI-RA2[ (HT 54a.3)
c.>JA-JA-PA3
<PA3-JA-JA
JA-JA[ (PK Za 18); JA-PA (ZA 4a.3-4); WA-JA-PI-[] (HT 9b.1)
PA-JA (HT 41a.4)
d.KI-TA-KU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#297 CR S: CMS VI 101 (AM 1938.794; CS no. 169; 4RPr of burnt silicate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. >< {gorgoneion} 050-019 ><
d1. >< 038-008 ><
d2. >< 036-010 ><
c. >< 011-056 ><
b1. | 044-049
b2. {}044-005-{061}

Comments
a. the two diminutive signs flank a gorgoneion; they may be fillers.
d: the same forked divider divides this face and face b; d1: 008 is initial only: thus, 008-038; if run together, d1+d2 A3-JA+SA2-RI might form a variant on JA-SA-[SA-]-RA.
c: see Notes to Signgroups, App. XV.
b: for dividing b into b1 and b2, see #283, and cf. #276 + #298, and #259.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

d1. >< 008-038 ><
d2. >< 036-010 ><
c. >< 011-056 ><
a. >< 050-019 ><
b2. 044-005-061
b1. 044-049

#297 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
d1. A3-JA A-JA (SY Za 2d)
d2>SA2-RI SA-RI[ (ZA 21b.3); cf. SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
c. SI2-KU SI-KA (HT Wa 1014-1018)
a.>TI-SA
<SA-TI
TU-SU (PK 1.6-7)
SA-TA (HT 117a.7)
b2. KO-Rv- ~KI-RO ("owed")
b1. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#298 CR S: CMS XI 14 (4RPr of cornelian)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X X 056-070-040
b.X X 070-061-019-045-070
g.X 038-010-031
d1. 044-005
d2. 044-049

Comments
b: between 061 and 019 there is hatching. The appearance of two 070s is unusual; there is doubling twice (056-070-070 on #061, and 049-070-070 >< on #167); otherwise 070 does not appear twice in any other signgroup - it probably does not here either. An initial X may have once occurred in the break near the first sign of 070-045-019. If so, then side b should be read from either end towards the middle:

X 070-061 >[X] 070-045-019 (cf. 070-031-019 on #054, #056)

g: CHIC: X between 038 and 010.
d: the face contains only three signs in three panels divided by a double line, like this: 005 || 044 || 049; for dividing d into d1 and d2, see #276 (cf. #314.η1-θ2), and cf. #283 + #297.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

b2. 070-045-019
b1. X X 070-061
g. X X 038-010-031
d1. 044-005
d2. 044-049
a. X X 056-070-040

#298 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b2. RO-ZE-SA DU-RE-ZA-SE (ZA 10a.5, ZA 10b.1-2)
b1. RO-  
g. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
d1. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
d2. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")
a. KU-RO-RO2 KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#299 CR (?) S: CMS VII 40 (4RPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X X 044-049
b.X 044-005
g.X 036-092
d. 038-010-031

JGY reorders the faces

g. X X 036-092
d. 038-010-031
b. X X 044-005
a. X X 044-049

#299 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
g. SA2-RU SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
d. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
b. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#300 CR (?) S: CMS X 52 (4RPr of pale yellow steatite)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 044-049
b. 038-010-031
c. X 044-036-018
d. >< 014-050 ><

Comments
c: CHIC: Pseudo-028 = filling (cf. for the place, #309.d, etc., and for the signgroup, #255.a).

JGY reorders the faces

b. 038-010-031
c. X X 044-036-018
d. >< 014-050 ><
a. 044-049

#300 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
c.KO-SA2-RA4 KA-SA-RU (HT 10b.3)
d.>I-TI
<TI-I
I-TI (HT 25b.2; cf. HT 62[+]72.3; IO Za 12)
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#301 CR (?) S: CMS XII 106 (4RPr of burnt and gray agate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X X 044-049
b.X X 044-005
g.X X 018-046
d.X X 042-019-031

Comments
d. compare * 070-019-009 (#061.c2); and 042-019-070-009 (#222). The signgroup may be a variant on A-SA-SA-RA (if so, its Linear A parallel, A-SA-RA2 (HT 89.1), would be the only appearance of this word on a clay document.

JGY reorders the faces

d. X X 042-019-031
g. X X 018-046
b. X X 044-005
a. X X 044-049

#301 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
d. A-SA-RE A-SA-RA2 (HT 89.1)
g. RA4-A*301  
b. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
a. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#302 CR (?) S: CMS XII 107 (4RPr of chalcedony)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. >< 057-034-044-049 ><
b.X 046-044
g. >< 006-062-012
d. 038-010-031

Comments
a: CHIC: should this be divided: 057-034 and 044-049? JGY: the signgroup conflates two common signgroups 057-034-056 KI-TA-KU (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV) and 044-049 KO-RO3, with sign 056 KU as the homophonic link between the two.
b: The signgroup 046-044 appears only on seals: #255.g, #257.b, #269.g, #275.b, #314.d. Sign 012 has sign wrapped around it.
g: The combination, 016-062, probably ends a signgroup. On the basis of my arrangement of #095 (q.v.), the signgroup >< 042-066-016-062 >< (#305.a) is more probably >< 016-062 *175. And this in turn suggests that >< 006-062-012 >< (#302.g) is probably 006-062 *012. Also see the notes to #271.g and #302.g.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

a1. <> 057-034<-056>
d. 038-010-031
b. X X 046-044 *181
g. >< 006-062 *012
a2. >< 044-049 ><

#302 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a1. KI-TA-<KU> a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV
d. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
b. A*301-KO PU-KO (HT 31a.1); cf. A-*301-KI-TA-A (TY Zb 4)
g.>NWA-NA MU
<MU-NWA-NA
cf. ]-U-NA-NA (MA 2c.1)
cf. -NA/E-MI-NA endings
a2. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#303 CR (?) S: CMS XII 109 (4RPr of chalcedony)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X X 062-020-028
b. 042-054-061
g.** >< 019-039-038-031 ><
d. 044-049

Comments
g: compare

100[ 038-031-025 100[ (#120.r.B)
038-031-010-061 (#270.g)

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces (b, a, g, d); cf. seal #293.
#303#293
b. 042-054-061g. X X 042-054-061
a. X X 062-020-028a. >< 077-038 ><
g. * * >< 019-039 038-031b. 038-010-031
d. 044-049d. 044-049

#303 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. A-DE- A-DE (ZA 10b.4), A-DU (HT 85a.1), JA-DI (PH Wc 39); see Notes to Signgroups, App. XII
a. NA-AI-KU2 NE-KU[? (HT 55a.2), ]NA-KI (KH 92.2)
g.>SA-PA3-JA-RE
<RE-JA-PA3-SA
SU+PA3+RA (HT 31.5)
 
d. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#304 CR (?) S: CMS XII 113 (4RPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.{} >< 039-013 catface ><
b. >< X 036-013 ><
g.* 011-010 ><
d. 076-013-031 ><

Comments
The repetition of 013 on a, b, d may indicate its role as a logogram; if so, it should be separated. See Notes to Sign 013.
b. JGY: a flower ( *023 or *031?) ends the signgroup.
g. sign 010 is really an acrobate; a quirk separates signs 011 and 010; it may be 035, cf. ]•- ]•-013-035 (#105.aB).

JGY normalizes the faces

a. 039-catface *152 ><
b. 036-031 *152 >< or 036-023 *152 ><
g. * 011-010 >< or * 011-023-010 ><
d. >< 076-031 *152 ><

#304 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. PA3-MA BOS PU2-MI (PK 1.6), PA-MI[ (TY 3b.4)
b. SA2-RE BOS
or SA2-TU BOS
SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
SA-TA (HT 117a.7), SI-TU (HT We 1019; ZA *20.3)
g. SI2-RI or SI2-TU-RI
d. O-RE BOS cf. O-RA2-DI-NE (HT 6a.4)


#305 LASTROS S: CMS IV 136 (4RPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 042-066-016-062 ><
b. 044-049
g. 044-005
d.X | X *181 | *180

Comments
a: The combination, 016-062, probably ends a signgroup. On the basis of my arrangement of #095 (q.v.), this signgroup is more probably >< 016-062 *175. Also see the notes to #271.g and #302.g.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

a. >< 016-062 *175
d1. X X *181
d2. *180
g. 044-005
b. 044-049

#305 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. KI-NA A KI-KI-NA (HT 88.2), TA-NU-NI-KI-NA (PL Zf 1)
d1.*181 ~ Linear B*134
d2.*180 ~*302?
g. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
b. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#306 MA S: HM/Coll. G. 3325 (CMS III 234; 4RPr of gold), said to be from Mallia

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. >< 052-050-054 ><
b.* >< 036-038-076 ><
g.* >< 039-056-014 ><
d. >< 057-018-050 ><

Comments
Knossos Document Set 2, related.
g: CHIC: or -013 ? JGY: see Notes to Sign 013, App. XVII, which suggests * 039-056 013/*152.
d: cf. #003.d: X X X 042 X 057-016-050-016; which suggests here <> 057-018-050 <-018>.

JGY normalizes

a. >< 052-050-054 ><
b. * >< 036-038-076 ><
g. >< * 039-056 >< *152
d. <> 057-018-050 <-018>

#306 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.>NE-TI-DE
<DE-TI-NE
>DA-KU-NA (HT 103.4), DA-MI-NU (HT 117a.8) , DI-RI-NA (HT 93a.1-2; HT 102.3), DU-SU-NI (HT 108.2)
b.>SA-JA-O
<O-JA-SA
-SI-JA-SE, SA-JA-MA (HT 31.3)
A-JA-SE
g.









>PA3-KU BOS
<KU-PA3 BOS








PU-KO (HT 31.1), -PA-KU-NU- (KN Zc 6)
KU-PA (ZA 11a.5, b.3), KU-PA (HT 110.1; KH 29.2), KU+PA (HT We 1020), KU-PA-JA (HT 116a.1-2)
cf. KU-PA3-NU (HT 1.3-4; HT 3.6; HT 49a.6-7; HT 88.5; HT 117a.3; HT 122a.6&7; PH(?) 31a.3)
cf. KU-PA-RI (PE 2.1-2), KU-PA3-RI-JA (HT 24a.1)
cf. I-KU-PA3-NA (AP Za 3), I-KU-PA3-TI-
cf. KA-KU-PA (HT 16.1; HT Wc 3015, 3016), KU-PA3-NA-TU (HT 47a.1-2; HT 119.3), KU-PA3-PA3 (HT 88.4), KU-PA-*79 (KH 5.3-4)
d. KI-RA4-TI KI-RI-TA2 (HT 114a.1; HT 121.1); cf. SU-KI-RI-TA (PH Wa 32)


#307 S: Photos and drawings by Chapouthier (4RPr of black steatite, with green)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X * X 019-013-049
b. >? 070-028-031 >?
c. >< 070-031-056 ><
d.X X >< X 041-031-044 X ><

Comments
Knossos Document Set 6, related.
CHIC: Doubts on the seal's authenticity: unusual dimensions; childish engraving; atypical text (although see #294); with these conditions, we prefer the drawing in Chapouthier, BCH 70 [1946] 78-90.
a: see Notes to Sign 13, App. XVII.C: *. May this not be ** 057-013-049? (see "Knossos Sets"). See Inflection Sequence 5a1.
b: For the signgroup, compare 028-070 (#081.a), > 028-070 (#133), and ]* ]029-070 (#052.d); and see #317.
c: It is common on sealstones to insert the logogram between two signs; see, for example, Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII, and Notes to Sign 012, and #054.a2.
d: The signgroup may be intact or consist of a signgroup plus logogram or a string of logograms; see Notes to Sign 041, App. VI. Signs 041 and 031 also occur together on ] ]031-041 (#088.a) and * 041-031-011 (#271.b). Although the correct order is difficult to determine, Linear A is full of words ending in -RE and several ending in -RE-• (-JA, -MI, -NA, -RO, -TE, -TI, -TO, -TU, -WI, -ZA). I suggest that 041 is a logogram indicated and prefixed by the initial X.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

a. X * X 019-049 *152
d. X X X 044-031 X *041
b. 028-070 *174
c. 056-070 *174

#307 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a. SA2-RO3 BOS SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
d. KO-RE TELA KU-RO ("balance," "total"); cf. TELA+KU (HT 39.3)
b. KU2-RO RE ~KU-RO ("balance," "total"); ]RE ... KU-RO, cf. HT 109
c. KU-RO RE ~KU-RO ("balance," "total"); ]RE ... KU-RO, cf. HT 109


#308 PK S: CMS VI 103 (AM AE.1774; CS no. 151; 4RPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
b. 036-092-031
c. >< 034-007 ><
d. {} 044-049 *174
a. 044-005

Comments
b: see Notes to Signgroups, App. III.
c: see Notes to Signgroups, App. IV, and Inflection Sequence 5a2.
a: next to sign 005, there is another, a set of dotted concentric circles, possibly sign 073.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

b. 036-092-031
c. >< 034-007 ><
a. * 044-005 *073
c. 044-049 *174

#308 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. SA2-RU-RE SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
c.>SI-MI
<MI-SI
SI-MA (PH Zb 4)
MA-SI-DU (HT 43.1-2)
a. KO-Rv KU ~KI-RO ("owed"); cf. KI-RO ... KU-RO (e.g., HT 94), KI-RO ... KU-PA3-PA3 (HT 88.4)
d. KO-RO3 RE ~KU-RO ("balance," "total"); ]RE ... KU-RO, cf. HT 109


#309 PYR S: HM 2595 (4RPr of green jasper; Ferrara, Weingarten, & Cadogan 2016, 83 fig. 2, 88-91, Seal 1) from Pyrgos, West Slope (possible MM IIB context)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.X 044-005
b.X X 042-040-053-041
g. 038-010-031
d.X X 036-092-031

Comments
b: a slightly small 072 intervenes between ; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXI, and Inflection Sequence 5a3. Compare

0 042-040-049 0 (#129)
X *[ X 036-040-049[ (#191)

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

b. X X 042-040-053 072-041
d. X X 036-092-031
g. 038-010-031
a. X X 044-005

#309 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
b. A-RO2-JA KA TELA A-RI-JA[ (PH 28a.3), TELA+KU (HT 38a.3)
d. SA2-RU-RE SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
g.JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
a. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")


#310 SITIA S: CMS I 425 (4RPr of carnelian)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 057-034-056
b.{} >< 017-050 {001} ><
g. 046-044
d. >< 042-038 ><

Comments
a. See Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV, and §06f. Inscriptions on Sealstones.
b. for 001 VIR, cf. #234 et #240.
g. the signgroup 046-044 appears only on seals: #255.g, #257.b, #269.g, #275.b, #302.b.
d. the same signgroup recurs on sealstones #154, #224.a, and #276.a; cf. #151.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

d. >< 042-038 ><
a. 057-034-056
b. >< 017-050 >< *001
g. 046-044

#310 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
d.]A-JA A-JA (SY Za 2d); cf. A-JA-KU (KN Zf 13), A-JA-[ (PK Za 18), ]A-JA[ (PE Zc 4)
a.KI-TA-KU a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIV
b.>AU-TI VIR
<TI-AU
-AU-TA- (KO(?) Zf 2)
 
g.A*301-KO PU-KO (HT 31a.1); cf. A-*301-KI-TA-A (TY Zb 4)


#311 SITIA S: CMS IV 138 (4RPr of white and gray marble)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.** 038-010
b.•?•?•? •?-•?-•?
g. ** >< 044-005 ><
d.** 044-049

Comments
b: CHIC: unreadable.

#311 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.JA-RI a toponymn related to SA-RA2 & A-DU; see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII
b.?  
g. KO-Rv ~KI-RO ("owed")
d. KO-RO3 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")


#312 XIDA S: CMS VI 105 (AM 1910.234; CS no. 150; 4RPr of green jasper)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a. 038-010-031
d. 036-092-031
b.* >< 047-049-013 ><
c.X X 076-013

Comments
b: the usual position for logogram * *152 BOS is between the first two signs; see Notes to Sign 012, App. XVII.A.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

a. 038-010-031
d. 036-092-031
c. X     X 076 *152 BOS
b.     *047-049 >< *152 BOS

#312 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
d. SA2-RU -RE SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
c. O-MU2 or O BOS O-MI[ (ZA 27.2); cf. WA-O-MI (HT Wc 3006a)
b.>QE-RO3 BOS
<RO3-QE BOS
~KI-RO ("owed"), ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")
cf. QA-QA-RU (HT 93a.4-5; HT 111a.3; HT 118.2-3; HT 122b.3-4), QE-RA2-JA (HT 3.1-2), QE-RA2-U (HT 1.1-2; HT 95a.4-5, b.4-5), QE-RA2-WA (HT 86a.1-2)


#313 MONI OD. S: HM 2850 (6-sided cube of ivory)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a.042-019
b. 019-095-052

#313 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
a.-b. A-SA-SA-RA3-NE A-SA-SA-RA-NE (common)


#314 NEAPOLIS S: CMS VI 102 (AM 1938.1166; CS no. 165; 8-sided prism of agate)

sideinscriptiontransnumeration
α.X X 050-031-034
β. 044-049
γ.X X 050-007-018
δ.X X 046-*168-044
ε. 038-010-031
ζ.X X 036-092-031
η1.X 044-049
η2.* 018-043
θ1018-043
θ2 <> <044>-005

Comments
α: hapax legomenon
β: between the two signs is *309, which can be separated out; see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII).
γ: compare >< 028-007-018 (#296.a)
δ: between the two signs is *168, which can be separated out; see Notes to Signgroups, App. VIII); the signgroup 046-044 appears only on seals: #255.g, #257.b, #269.g, #275.b, #302.b, #314.d.
η-θ: the inscription here seems separate; unlike the other faces, each of which has one signgroup, these two faces present a continuous and circular inscription, with 044 (η1) ajacent to, and also accompanying, 005 (θ2). If 018-043-018-043 (η2-θ1) is phonetic RA4-SO-RA4-SO, perhaps a variant of SA-RA2, then compare HT 32 with two lists, one headed by SA-RA2, the other by SU-RE.

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

α. X X 050-031-034
β. X 044-049 *309
γ. X 050-007-018
δ. X X 046-044 *168
ε. 038-010-031
ζ. X X 036-092-031
___________________________________________________________
η2-θ1. * 0 018-043-018-043 0
η1-θ2. = <>044-049 <044>-005

#314 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear A
α. TI-RE-TA -TA-RI-SE-, A-TU-RI-SI-TI, TU-RU-SA
γ. TI-MI-RA4 -TO-MA-RO- (KO (?) Zf 2), WA-TU-MA-RE (HT 128a.2)
δ. A*301-KO PU-KO (HT 31a.1); cf. A-*301-KI-TA-A (TY Zb 4)
ε. JA-RI-RE signgroup related to SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. XXXIII)
ζ. SA2-RU-RE [ SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III)
β. KO-RO3 *309 ~KU-RO ("balance," "total")
η2-θ1. RA4-SO-RA4-SO
or
>RA4-SO
<SO-RA4


RO-SI-RA[ (ZA 9.3-4); RU-SA (HT 96a.3); cf. SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups, App. III); SA-RO (HT 94b.3), SA-RU (HT 95a.3. b.1; HT 123.4-5)
η1-θ2. KO-RO3
KO-Rv
~KU-RO ("balance," "total")
~KI-RO ("owed")


#315 ARKH S: CMS II 1.391 (14-sided "baton" of ivory; L. 5.67, W. 1.28 x 1.85 cm), from Phournoi Rm III (EM III-MM IA context), placed by Yule in his Archanes Script Group, MM IA-IB (Sbonias 1995, 107-13).

Comments

CMS switches faces D & F -- the paper replica at right has the correct position of the faces.

Paper replica by JGY, with faces as on the "baton" (descriptions below as if in impression)

A, B, C: caprid stands to right; Border-Leaf filling motifs
D: CHIC *181
E: caprid stands to right; Border-Leaf filling motifs
F: basket/bucket, possibly CHIC *157
G: CHIC: Possible signs (•?-•?-•?) -- JGY follows CMS in seeing 038-•-012 -•-
I: 042-019
H: 019-095-052
J: 008
K: man & basket/bucket, 001? + *157 +
L: *010
M (base): rosette
N (handle): caprid stands right; Border-Leaf filling motifs


1. top to bottom: faces A, B, C


3. top to bottom: faces G H I


5. handle, face N


2. top to bottom: faces F E D


4. top to bottom: faces L K J


6. base, face M

JGY normalizes and reorders the faces

D. *181
F. ? *157 (See Notes to Signgroups, App. XV)
G. -•-038-•-012
J. 008
K. ? 001 *157
L. 010
I-H. 042-019-019-095-052

#315 in AB values
sidesigngroupLinear AB
D. *181 ~Linear B *134
F. *157 ~Linear AB *123 AROM
G.??? ???
J. A3 A (HT 37.5; HT Wa 1147; HT Wa 1148; HT Wa 1149; KH Wc 2122)
L.RI cf. OLE+RI (HT 23a.2; HT 35.2; HT 60.1; KH 82.2)
I.-H. A-SA-SA-RA3-NE A-SA-SA-RA-NE (common)


Additions since (or not in) CHIC



CMS II 1.392, cylinder of bone, from Phournoi Rm I (MM I context), placed by Yule in his Archanes Script Group, MM IA-IB (Sbonias 1995, 107-13)


seal facesigntransnumeration
a. *181 ~Linear B *134


CMS II 3.23, amygdaloid of black steatite, from Knossos, a "house south of the palace," perhaps the South House, though Brice 1961: 24 says "Little Palace")

Using the sequence of commodities and fractions on three seals (CHIC #206, #291, #292) reconstructed in Notes to Signgroups XV, it is possible to see on CMS II 3.23, reading left to right in impression FIC spanning the top and bottom lines, and, in the bottom line, *309, perhaps *308, and *157, and, in the top line (after the top of FIC, the remnants of a sign (perhaps Δ) and Σ.

As on the seal:

a1 (bottom line, right to left)    *        *157, *308, *309
a1-2 (spanning both lines, then reading left to right)    *         FIC, *302, *307

JGY normalizes
seal faceinscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a1   *      *157 *308 *309*157/AB*123 Koppa "mina"
a1-2   *    *155 Δ Σ FIC 1/3 Σ

Comments
CHIC: Cf. #206, #291, #292.
See Notes to Signgroups, App. XV.


CMS II 6.230 (Knossos StratMus. MP/94/2), impressed handle fragment, from Pyrgos, lower west slope, surface find (Ferrara, Weingarten, & Cadogan 2016, 86 fig. 5, 94, Impression 4)
inscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
>< 019-070SA-RO

Compare
Linear A: SA-RA2 (see Notes to Signgroups II); if <-- RO-SA, cf. RO+SE (HT 93a.1)


CMS II 8.15, nodulus; from Knossos, South House (MM IIA context, found with a Linear A tablet; Weingarten in Evely et al., Knossos: A Labyrinth of History, 177-8: according to the technical definition of an inscription [at least two signs], this is not an inscription, but it does perhaps present "the earliest evidence for the use of Hieroglyhphic seals at Knossos"). The seal that impressed the nodulus looks as if it were made of ivory (hippopotomus) or bone.

against an interlace background
seal impressiontransnumerationnormalization
008A3

Comments
As a single sign, 008, A3 also appears on #315.J from Arkhanes (MM IA context), also of ivory.


CMS III 236, 4RPr of cornelian, said to be from Malia
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a038
bquadruped recumbent
cmonkey sits to right
cwhorl


CMS V Suppl. 1B.329, impression of a three-sided elliptical prism on a MM II amphora from Petras House 1, room Φ.
inscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
042-036A-SA2


CMS VI Add. 2, 3EPr of steatite
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a049-045-056
b055-005-031
csheep-bovine face


CMS XII 9D, 3-sided prism of black steatite
side inscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
a.044-049KO-RO3
b.044-005KO-Rv


CMS XII 10D, 3EPr of green jasper
sideinscriptiontransnumeration
a036-034
b038-010-032
c044-005


Scripta Minoa, p. 15 no. P.11, 4-sided prism of steatite, said to be in the National Museum, Athens
side inscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
b.038-010-032JA-RI-RE2


MA/V S [1/3] 02, three-sided prism of ivory (AR 58, 2011-2012, 72) from Buidling Π, room 17 (MM IIIB context)
side inscriptiontransnumerationnormalization
?044-049KO-RO3


Vrysinas peak sanctuary, mixed MM and LM deposit (Hallager, Papdopoulou, Tzachili, "The First Hieroglyphic Inscription from Western Crete," Kadmos 50, 2011, 63-74). Four-sided rectangular prism (4RPr) of dark brown-red jasper
side inscriptiontransnumeration
a.044-005
b.044-049
c.049-072
d.042-038

a: the first sign may be 040 (see my reconstruction of #309b)
b: the first sign may be an elongated version of 092 (cf. #131, #229, #263, etc.; and 036-092-031 on #254g, #257b, #258b, etc.)


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Comments, corrections, questions: John Younger (jyounger@ku.edu)